Endomicroscopy, IBS and Food Intolerance
The immediate endoscopic identification and diagnosis of intraepithelial structures and immediate and delayed reactions to allergens in the mucosal surface of the gut are unmet goals in the diagnosis and management of subjects with food intolerances, who are negative to all available tests. Endomicroscopy may be helpful to further visualize and characterize unmasked small bowel reactions to foods, which has not been described before.
Confocal laser endomicroscopy provides confocal microscopic imaging simultaneously to the macroscopic view ,which enables the examiner to see immediate reactions after exposure and it further allows capturing of fluid excreted by the gut for further analysis to understand the pathology behind this reaction further.
N=50 patients with unexplained bloating and diarrhoea with suspicion of food intolerance and negative testing with routine methods. Patients with Lactose intolerance n=10 patients to compare results. Patients with Fructose intolerance n=10 patients to compare results. Volunteers with Barrett's esophagus who need evaluation for possible dysplasia in the Barrett's mucosa with confocal endomicrosopy but no symptoms of bloating and abdominal pain (n=10) to serve as healthy controls for allergy testing.
The primary objective is to investigate whether endomicroscopy will allow the detection of an allergic reaction of the gut after exposure of the 5 major allergens in the following way:
After standard gastroscopy with the endomicroscope including evaluation of the surface of the upper gastrointestinal tract, i.v. injection of Fluorescein, then initial visualisation of the duodenal surface including count of initial lymphocytes/mononuclear cells in the lamina propria: Allergen 1 (milk), allergen 2 (wheat), allergen 3 (soya),allergen 4 (apple), allergen 5 (yeast).
The primary endpoint is the visible marked increase of lymphocytes and mononuclear cells in the lamina propria of the duodenum, representing an acute reaction to one of the allergens sprayed to its surface through the endoscope channel.
Inflammatory Bowel Syndrome
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Confocal Endomicrosopy for the Detection of Food Intolerance in Patients With Irritable Bowel Syndrome|
- Number of mucosal reaction [ Time Frame: immediate ]
Biospecimen Retention: Samples Without DNA
- duodenal biopsies
- duodenal fluid
|Study Start Date:||September 2012|
|Study Completion Date:||September 2014|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01692613
|University Hospital Schleswig Holstein, Campus Kiel, Unit Experimental Endoscopy|
|Kiel, Germany, 24105|
|Principal Investigator:||Annette Fritscher-Ravens, Prof. Dr.||University Schleswig-Holstein|