The Effect of Virtual Reality Glasses on Labor Pain

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Samira Ebrahimzadeh Zagami, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences Identifier:
First received: August 29, 2012
Last updated: September 15, 2012
Last verified: August 2012
There are different medicinal and non medicinal methods to control labor pain. Today, much attention has been on non medicinal methods because of limitations and complications of medical procedures. Virtual reality is a new and promising method of diversion of mind that may have an impact on labor pain. This study was conducted to determine the effect of virtual reality on the first stage of labor pain.

Condition Intervention Phase
Labor Pain
Device: three-dimensional glasses(manufactor Vuzix,wrap 920)
Other: usual care
Phase 2
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Principal Investigator

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Mashhad University of Medical Sciences:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • pain and anxiety [ Time Frame: up to 8 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: February 2011
Study Completion Date: August 2012
Primary Completion Date: July 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: three-dimensional glasses (Virtual Reality glasses)
Women in case group used the glasses for 30 minutes
Device: three-dimensional glasses(manufactor Vuzix,wrap 920)
The samples were randomly allocated to use three-dimensional glasses for 30 minutes in order to reliving labor pain.
Experimental: usual care
Women in control group did not use the glasses.
Other: usual care
Women in Control group did not use the glasses.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 29 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Iranian
  • low risk pregnancy
  • primipara

Exclusion Criteria:

  • vision or ear disorders
  • History of motion sickness or headaches
  • psychological disease or Addiction
  Contacts and Locations
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No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Samira Ebrahimzadeh Zagami, MUMS, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences Identifier: NCT01687933     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Virtual Reality System 
Study First Received: August 29, 2012
Last Updated: September 15, 2012
Health Authority: Iran: Ethics Committee

Keywords provided by Mashhad University of Medical Sciences:
Labor pain
Virtual reality
the first stage of labor
Pain relief

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Labor Pain
Nervous System Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms
Adrenergic Agents
Adrenergic Uptake Inhibitors
Autonomic Agents
Central Nervous System Agents
Central Nervous System Stimulants
Dopamine Agents
Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses processed this record on February 09, 2016