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The Natural History of Human Stingray Injuries

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Robert J Katzer, University of California, Irvine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01685749
First received: September 11, 2012
Last updated: October 25, 2016
Last verified: October 2016
  Purpose

Stingray injuries can be a hazard shared by many types of beachgoers. Stingrays often lie in the sand and when stepped on by the unsuspecting beachgoer their tail snaps foreword, resulting in a barbed stinger injecting venom into the victim. Little exists in the current literature on the natural history of stingray injuries. Most of the existing literature looks at the incidence of stings, and to a certain extent the demographic of people who seek care. To our knowledge no study has attempted to collect a more inclusive population of those people who are stung and follow them prospectively to determine the incidence of medical intervention, infection, etc.

This study aims to describe and quantify the natural history of stingray injuries and to better understand their time course and medical requirements. The study setting will be Seal Beach, which reports some of the greatest number of annual stingray injuries for any single beach on the pacific coast. Participants will be identified by the Seal Beach lifeguards who are believed to treat the majority of stingray injuries suffered at the beach. Eligible persons will be consented for participation over the phone by research personnel. If enrolled in the study they will receive a phone call by research personnel one week and one month after the injury that will collect information about the symptoms they have experienced and the medical interventions they have received, if any. This study is strictly observational in nature and will not involve any interventions on the part of study personnel or alter the manner in which or types of medical assessments or treatments.


Condition
Stingray Injury Marine Envenomation

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: The Natural History of Human Stingray Injuries

Further study details as provided by Robert J Katzer, University of California, Irvine:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Incidence and duration of particular symptoms, medical evaluations, and treatment [ Time Frame: up to 30 days from the date of injury ]
    This study is descriptive in nature. The primary outcome of this study is the understanding of the natural history of stingray injuries and their treatment. This will be achieved using strictly descriptive statistics of the incidence and duration of particular symptoms, medical evaluations, and treatment. Means, proportions, and confidence intervals of these statistics will be calculated.


Enrollment: 300
Study Start Date: July 2012
Study Completion Date: September 2016
Primary Completion Date: September 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts
Enrolled participants
The targeted study population will include all people at Seal Beach who have been identified by the Seal Beach Lifeguards to have been stung by a jellyfish over the course of one year who are adults or children whose parent or guardian is present at the time of the injury. Children and pregnant women are included in the group.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
The targeted study population will include all people at Seal Beach who have been identified by the Seal Beach Lifeguards to have been stung by a stingray over the course of one year who are adults or children whose parent or guardian is present at the time of the injury. Children and pregnant women are included.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • People at Seal Beach, California
  • People identified by Life guard personnel as being stung by a stingray at Seal Beach
  • Adults or
  • Children whose parent or guardian are present at the time of the injury

Exclusion Criteria:

  • People who have previously been enrolled in the study
  • People who the lifeguard believes were stung or bit by a marine organism other than a stingray or a terrestrial organism
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01685749

Locations
United States, California
University of California, Irvine Medical Center
Orange, California, United States, 92868
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, Irvine
  More Information

Responsible Party: Robert J Katzer, Emergency Medical Services Fellow, University of California, Irvine
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01685749     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HS#2011-8620
Study First Received: September 11, 2012
Last Updated: October 25, 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: NO IPD will be shared with other researchers

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Wounds and Injuries

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 16, 2017