NIMIP: Non Invasive Measurement of the Intracranial Pressure (MINIPIC)
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
The intracranial pressure (ICP), defined by the hydrostatic pressure of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), is a key parameter for diagnosing and treating several neurosurgical diseases. Continuous ICP monitoring has an important place in neuro-intensive care for patients with severe head trauma and severe meningeal hemorrhage.
Until now the assessment of ICP requires invasive methods, with a pressure transducer either within the ventricular CSF or within the brain parenchyma. The pressure sensor placement is performed in a neurosurgery department. These invasive methods have also disadvantages: highest risk of infections, catheter misplaced, and risk of bleeding. All these justify the development of a non invasive method. The Biophysics Laboratory (School of Medicine of Clermont-Ferrand) described that the intra-labyrinthic pressure (ILP) modify the functional activities of the outer hair cells in the cochlea.
Cochlear activities' recording is non-invasive and technically simple. A probe is gently inserted into the outer portion of the external ear canal.
Anatomical studies showed communication between the subarachnoid spaces and the perilymphatic compartment by the cochlear aqueduct. Thereby, increases in ICP are transferred to increases in intra-cochlear pressure, which is detected as modifications in cochlear activities.
CSF dynamic tests, as constant flow infusion test, are conducted in patients in the diagnosis of the idiopathic adult hydrocephalus syndrome. Artificial CSF is infused through a lumbar needle, into the CSF space at a constant rate, and the corresponding rise in ICP is registered and analyzed.
The objective of this study is to assess prospectively the accuracy and the precision of a new method for non invasive ICP measurement (using cochlear activities) compared with invasive gold standard CSF pressure measurement during CSF dynamic tests.
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
|Official Title:||Validation of a New Non Invasive Method of Indirect Measurement of the Intracranial Pressure Variations|
- Cochlear Microphonic Potential [ Time Frame: acquisition every minutes during "Cerebrospinal Fluid Dynamic Test time(30-45min) ]
- IntraCranialPressure Variations [ Time Frame: every minutes during CerebroSpinal Fluid dynamic test time (30-45min) ]
|Study Start Date:||June 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||September 2012|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||September 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
The purpose of this study is to examine the evolution of the electrophysiological cochlear activity (cochlear microphonic potential, CMP), with a non invasive method, during invasive ICP monitoring. The data analysis will determine relationship between ICP variations and CMP variations.
Patients, from the neurosurgery department, investigated for 'normal pressure' chronic hydrocephalus are involved in CSF dynamic test. This complex protocol, including infusion test and invasive CSF monitoring, is needed in order to confirm the diagnosis. CSF dynamic tests, a socalled 'perfusion test', are performed in an operating theater, the patient had to be awake but sedated. During perfusion test, electrophysiological cochlear activities are measured with a gold tiptrode (Etymotic Research, Elk Grove Village, Ill) gently inserted into the ear canal.
Electrophysiological cochlear activities, so called electrocochleography (ECochG), are a non invasive and totally passive method used in routine in ENT department. The response measured in ECochG is the cochlear microphonic potential (CMP), generated by the outer hair cells following by presenting tone burst at 1kHz. CMP is recorded with the help of an Echodia® hand-held equipment.
Previously animal studies have shown that the phase of CM is sensitive to ICP changes and CM phase shifts exhibit the same time course as those of otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs).
The phase changes of CM can indeed be used as a non-invasive tool for monitoring intralabyrinthine and intracranial pressures.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01685450
|Chu Clermont Ferrand|
|Clermont-Ferrand, France, 63003|
|Principal Investigator:||Laurent SAKKA||University Hospital, Clermont-Ferrand|