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ER Niacin/Laropiprant Impact on Cardiovascular Markers and Atheroprogression in HIV-infected Individuals on cART (NILACH)

This study has been terminated.
(Withdrawal of IMP from the market. Data on risk-benefit ratio pending.)
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01683656
First Posted: September 12, 2012
Last Update Posted: March 15, 2013
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborators:
University Hospital, Geneva
Swiss National Science Foundation
Fondation Ernest Boninchi
Swiss Heart Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Calmy Alexandra, University Hospital, Geneva
  Purpose

HIV-infected patients are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Large investigations support an inverse correlation between HDL-C levels and coronary heart disease. Therefore a treatment lowering HDL-C such as niacin could reduce the risk of atheroprogression not only through its benefit in terms of lipid profile, but also by reducing atherosclerotic inflammation.

The study aims at showing that a therapy targeting HDL-C increase in HIV-infected patients on suppressive cART has the potential for reducing subclinical atherosclerotic inflammation associated with HIV itself in HIV-individuals on cART.

NILACH is a randomised, multicenter, double blind, placebo controlled, 48 weeks trial to test the effect of the newly marketed niacin/laropiprant on carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in 90 subjects.

  • Regimen 1: ER niacin/laropiprant 1g/20 mg for the first 4 weeks and 2g/40mg from week 5 to the end of the study (the titration aims to reduce adverse reactions)
  • Regimen 2: ER niacin/laropiprant placebo p.m.

The primary end point is the change in mean common carotid intima-media thickness from baseline and 48 weeks, compared between the niacin/laropiprant group and the placebo group.

The proposed in vivo experiments should provide insights on the potential benefits of niacin treatment of cardiovascular disease in HIV patients. In addition, we will be able to further clarify the role of systemic inflammatory mediators in the development of early atherosclerosis of HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy. Detection and treatment of non-infectious co-morbidities such as cardiovascular diseases have become essential for HIV-infected individuals exposed to lifelong antiretroviral therapy and go beyond mere management of opportunistic infections or virologic suppression.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Atherosclerosis Drug: niacin/laropiprant Drug: Placebo Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: ER Niacin/Laropiprant Impact on Cardiovascular Markers and Atheroprogression in HIV-infected Individuals on cART

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Calmy Alexandra, University Hospital, Geneva:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • change in mean common carotid intima-media thickness [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
    mean of maximal IMT value will be calculated over three cardiac cycles and for left and right carotid artery at baseline and week 48. The primary endpoint will be assessed by a single investigator in a blinded and anonymized fashion at cIMT Core Facility, Department of Medicine, Montreal Heart Institute, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Responsible: Pr Jean-Claude Tardif.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean hs-CRP plasma concentration changes [ Time Frame: 12, 24, 48 weeks ]
  • Mean Total Cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, apolipoprotein, triglycerides, and apolipoprotein (apo) Al, B and E levels [ Time Frame: 12, 24, 48 weeks ]
  • Mean biomarkers of inflammatory process (fibrinogen, S-VCAM-1, adiponectin, CCL2, CCL3, d-dimer, IL-6, TNF-alpha, Lp-PLA2) changes [ Time Frame: 12, 24, 48 weeks ]
  • Clinical MACE: cardiovascular mortality, stroke, acute coronary syndromes, any cardiac arrhythmias, hospitalisation for cardiovascular causes, peripheral artery disease, revascularization. [ Time Frame: one year ]

Enrollment: 4
Study Start Date: August 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: July 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: ER Niacin/laropipant
ER niacin/laropiprant 1g/20 mg for the first 4 weeks and 2g/40mg from week 5 to the end of the study.
Drug: niacin/laropiprant
Other Name: Tredaptive
Placebo Comparator: ER Niacin/laropipant Placebo
ER niacin/laropiprant placebo p.m.
Drug: Placebo
Procedures for the manufacturing and testing of the placebo are compiled in the IMP/study drug dossier and comply with local regulatory requirements (by GMP certified manufacturer).

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult patients > 40 years;
  • Women of childbearing potential must use two reliable contraceptive methods during the entire trial, from day 1 to one month after the end of the trial.
  • Signing the study consent form;
  • Stable cART since at least 3 months (ie no recent drug change);
  • HIV-RNA below 100 copies for at least 6 months;
  • HDL-cholesterol <1.29 mmol/l for men; <1.42 mmol/l for women

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnancy or lactation;
  • Congestive Heart Failure;
  • Malignant Hypertension;
  • Acute or chronic coronary artery diseases;
  • Any known cardiac arrhythmias;
  • Diabetes;
  • Concomitant cancer, rheumatologic disease or inflammatory bowel diseases;
  • Concomitant renal or hepatic disease:

    • Creatinine above 150 micromol/L
    • Transaminases above 5 times upper normal limit
    • Prothrombin time (Quick) value below 50%;
  • Prior intolerance to niacin therapy (reported in a medical report);
  • Cyclosporine, anti-inflammatory drugs (other than aspirin) or cytokine therapy in concomitant intake;
  • Abnormal thyroid function;
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol;
  • Known severe lactose intolerance.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01683656


Locations
Switzerland
University Hospital Berne Inselspital
Berne, BE, Switzerland, 3010
University Hospital Basel
Basel, BS, Switzerland, 4031
University Hospitals Genève
Geneva, GE, Switzerland, 1211
Kantonsspital St Gallen
St Gallen, SG, Switzerland, 9007
EOC Ente Ospedaliero Cantonale, civico
Lugano, TI, Switzerland, 6903
CHUV Cantonal University Hospital Vaud
Lausanne, VD, Switzerland, 1011
University Hospital Zurich
Zurich, ZH, Switzerland
Sponsors and Collaborators
Calmy Alexandra
University Hospital, Geneva
Swiss National Science Foundation
Fondation Ernest Boninchi
Swiss Heart Foundation
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Alexandra Calmy, MD University Hospitals Geneva
  More Information

Publications:
Hansson GK. Inflammation, atherosclerosis, and coronary artery disease. N Engl J Med. 2005 Apr 21;352(16):1685-95. Review.
Stemme S, Hansson GK. Immune mechanisms in atherogenesis. Ann Med. 1994 Jun;26(3):141-6. Review.
Ledergerber B, Egger M, Opravil M, Telenti A, Hirschel B, Battegay M, Vernazza P, Sudre P, Flepp M, Furrer H, Francioli P, Weber R. Clinical progression and virological failure on highly active antiretroviral therapy in HIV-1 patients: a prospective cohort study. Swiss HIV Cohort Study. Lancet. 1999 Mar 13;353(9156):863-8.
Palella FJ Jr, Baker RK, Moorman AC, Chmiel JS, Wood KC, Brooks JT, Holmberg SD; HIV Outpatient Study Investigators. Mortality in the highly active antiretroviral therapy era: changing causes of death and disease in the HIV outpatient study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2006 Sep;43(1):27-34.
Bonnet F, Chêne G, Thiébaut R, Dupon M, Lawson-Ayayi S, Pellegrin JL, Dabis F, Morlat P; Groupe d'Epidémiologie Clinique du SIDA en Aquitaine (GECSA). Trends and determinants of severe morbidity in HIV-infected patients: the ANRS CO3 Aquitaine Cohort, 2000-2004. HIV Med. 2007 Nov;8(8):547-54.
Sterne JA, May M, Bucher HC, Ledergerber B, Furrer H, Cavassini M, Bernasconi E, Hirschel B, Egger M; Swiss HIV Cohort. HAART and the heart: changes in coronary risk factors and implications for coronary risk in men starting antiretroviral therapy. J Intern Med. 2007 Mar;261(3):255-67.
Calmy A, Gayet-Ageron A, Montecucco F, Nguyen A, Mach F, Burger F, Ubolyam S, Carr A, Ruxungtham K, Hirschel B, Ananworanich J; STACCATO Study Group. HIV increases markers of cardiovascular risk: results from a randomized, treatment interruption trial. AIDS. 2009 May 15;23(8):929-39.
Baker J, Ayenew W, Quick H, Hullsiek KH, Tracy R, Henry K, Duprez D, Neaton JD. High-density lipoprotein particles and markers of inflammation and thrombotic activity in patients with untreated HIV infection. J Infect Dis. 2010 Jan 15;201(2):285-92. doi: 10.1086/649560.
Montecucco F, Mach F. Update on statin-mediated anti-inflammatory activities in atherosclerosis. Semin Immunopathol. 2009 Jun;31(1):127-42. doi: 10.1007/s00281-009-0150-y. Epub 2009 May 5. Review.
Wilson PW, D'Agostino RB, Levy D, Belanger AM, Silbershatz H, Kannel WB. Prediction of coronary heart disease using risk factor categories. Circulation. 1998 May 12;97(18):1837-47.
Gotto AM Jr. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides as therapeutic targets for preventing and treating coronary artery disease. Am Heart J. 2002 Dec;144(6 Suppl):S33-42. Review.
Thoenes M, Oguchi A, Nagamia S, Vaccari CS, Hammoud R, Umpierrez GE, Khan BV. The effects of extended-release niacin on carotid intimal media thickness, endothelial function and inflammatory markers in patients with the metabolic syndrome. Int J Clin Pract. 2007 Nov;61(11):1942-8.
Paolini JF, Bays HE, Ballantyne CM, Davidson M, Pasternak R, Maccubbin D, Norquist JM, Lai E, Waters MG, Kuznetsova O, Sisk CM, Mitchel YB. Extended-release niacin/laropiprant: reducing niacin-induced flushing to better realize the benefit of niacin in improving cardiovascular risk factors. Cardiol Clin. 2008 Nov;26(4):547-60. Review.
Kush D, Hu DY, Ye P, Kim HS, Chen E, Sirah W, McCrary Sisk C, Paolini JF, Maccubbin D. Flushing profile of extended-release niacin/laropiprant at initiation of therapy in Asian lipid clinic patients. Cardiology. 2009;114(3):192-8. doi: 10.1159/000228585. Epub 2009 Jul 15.
Dubé MP, Wu JW, Aberg JA, Deeg MA, Alston-Smith BL, McGovern ME, Lee D, Shriver SL, Martinez AI, Greenwald M, Stein JH; AIDS Clinical Trials Group A5148 Study Team. Safety and efficacy of extended-release niacin for the treatment of dyslipidaemia in patients with HIV infection: AIDS Clinical Trials Group Study A5148. Antivir Ther. 2006;11(8):1081-9.
Taylor AJ, Villines TC, Stanek EJ, Devine PJ, Griffen L, Miller M, Weissman NJ, Turco M. Extended-release niacin or ezetimibe and carotid intima-media thickness. N Engl J Med. 2009 Nov 26;361(22):2113-22. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa0907569. Epub 2009 Nov 15.
Stein EA. Additional lipid lowering trials using surrogate measurements of atherosclerosis by carotid intima-media thickness: more clarity or confusion? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008 Dec 16;52(25):2206-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2008.11.002.
van Vonderen MG, Hassink EA, van Agtmael MA, Stehouwer CD, Danner SA, Reiss P, Smulders Y. Increase in carotid artery intima-media thickness and arterial stiffness but improvement in several markers of endothelial function after initiation of antiretroviral therapy. J Infect Dis. 2009 Apr 15;199(8):1186-94. doi: 10.1086/597475.
Maggi P, Serio G, Epifani G, Fiorentino G, Saracino A, Fico C, Perilli F, Lillo A, Ferraro S, Gargiulo M, Chirianni A, Angarano G, Regina G, Pastore G. Premature lesions of the carotid vessels in HIV-1-infected patients treated with protease inhibitors. AIDS. 2000 Nov 10;14(16):F123-8.
Seminari E, Pan A, Voltini G, Carnevale G, Maserati R, Minoli L, Meneghetti G, Tinelli C, Testa S. Assessment of atherosclerosis using carotid ultrasonography in a cohort of HIV-positive patients treated with protease inhibitors. Atherosclerosis. 2002 Jun;162(2):433-8.
de Saint Martin L, Vandhuick O, Guillo P, Bellein V, Bressollette L, Roudaut N, Amaral A, Pasquier E. Premature atherosclerosis in HIV positive patients and cumulated time of exposure to antiretroviral therapy (SHIVA study). Atherosclerosis. 2006 Apr;185(2):361-7. Epub 2005 Aug 30.
Mercié P, Thiébaut R, Lavignolle V, Pellegrin JL, Yvorra-Vives MC, Morlat P, Ragnaud JM, Dupon M, Malvy D, Bellet H, Lawson-Ayayi S, Roudaut R, Dabis F. Evaluation of cardiovascular risk factors in HIV-1 infected patients using carotid intima-media thickness measurement. Ann Med. 2002;34(1):55-63.
Currier JS, Kendall MA, Henry WK, Alston-Smith B, Torriani FJ, Tebas P, Li Y, Hodis HN. Progression of carotid artery intima-media thickening in HIV-infected and uninfected adults. AIDS. 2007 May 31;21(9):1137-45.
Chow DC, Stein JH, Seto TB, Mitchell C, Sriratanaviriyakul N, Grandinetti A, Gerschenson M, Shiramizu B, Souza S, Shikuma C. Short-term effects of extended-release niacin on endothelial function in HIV-infected patients on stable antiretroviral therapy. AIDS. 2010 Apr 24;24(7):1019-23. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e3283383016.
Ross AC, Rizk N, O'Riordan MA, Dogra V, El-Bejjani D, Storer N, Harrill D, Tungsiripat M, Adell J, McComsey GA. Relationship between inflammatory markers, endothelial activation markers, and carotid intima-media thickness in HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy. Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Oct 1;49(7):1119-27. doi: 10.1086/605578.

Responsible Party: Calmy Alexandra, Head of HIV Unit, University Hospital, Geneva
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01683656     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NILACH 2012DR4097
First Submitted: August 31, 2012
First Posted: September 12, 2012
Last Update Posted: March 15, 2013
Last Verified: March 2013

Keywords provided by Calmy Alexandra, University Hospital, Geneva:
HIV
Atherosclerosis
Niacin/laropiprant
HDL

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Atherosclerosis
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Niacin
Niacinamide
Nicotinic Acids
Hypolipidemic Agents
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Lipid Regulating Agents
Vasodilator Agents
Vitamin B Complex
Vitamins
Micronutrients
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs


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