Sorafenib and Topotecan in Refractory/Recurrent Pediatric Malignancies
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01683149|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 11, 2012
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2016
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H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute will be the Sunshine Project Coordinator, but will not be recruiting locally.
The purpose of this research study is to establish a dose of the combination of drugs, Topotecan and Sorafenib in children. This will be called the maximum tolerated dose. The chemotherapy in this study is a combination of Topotecan and Sorafenib. The investigators are trying to find the highest dose of Topotecan and Sorafenib that can be given safely to children with Refractory or Recurrent Pediatric Solid Malignancies. The investigators will do this by testing different doses of these drugs in different groups of children. The investigators will also study how the body processes these drugs.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Solid Tumor||Drug: Topotecan Drug: Sorafenib||Phase 1|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||13 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Phase I, Traditional 3+3, Trial of PO Sorafenib and Topotecan in Refractory or Recurrent Pediatric Solid Malignancies|
|Study Start Date :||January 2013|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||January 2016|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||January 2016|
Experimental: Combination Chemotherapy
Combination Chemotherapy: Topotecan and Sorafenib. Participants will receive the treatment in cycles. Every cycle is 28 days long. For the first cycle participants will get the chemotherapy drugs:
Topotecan will be given by mouth as outlined in treatment arm.
Other Name: Topoisomerase-I inhibitor
Sorafenib will be given by mouth as outlined in treatment arm.
Other Name: BAY 43-9006
- Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]Establish the recommended phase II dose of the combination of topotecan and sorafenib in children. This will be the maximum tolerated dose.
- Time to Progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: 24 months ]Determine Time to Progression (TTP) for all patients, comparing TTP on study to TTP on previous regimen. This study will use the (RECIST 1.1) Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors from the NCI for assessment of radiographic response in patients with solid tumors and in order to determine if patients have met off study criteria, i.e. disease progression. Progressive Disease (PD): At least a 20% increase in the disease measurement, taking as reference the smallest disease measurement recorded since the start of treatment, or the appearance of one or more new lesions, or evidence of laboratory or clinical progression.
- The Number of Participants with Adverse Events as a Measure of Safety and Feasibility [ Time Frame: 24 months ]Describe the toxicity as per NCI Common Toxicity Criteria, version 4.0 (CTCAE 4.0).
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|Ages Eligible for Study:||3 Years to 18 Years (Child, Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Life expectancy of at least 12 weeks (3 months)
- Must have had relapsed or refractory solid tumor malignancy, or a relapsed or refractory central nervous system malignancy AND must have received at least one prior course of therapy for their malignancy.
- Patients with a solid tumor must have radiographic evidence of disease. Bone only disease is acceptable if biopsy proven but will not be eligible for response criteria by RECIST 1.1. Ideally patients will have disease evaluable by RECIST 1.1.
- Patient's current disease state must be one for which there is no known curative therapy or therapy proven to prolong survival with an acceptable quality of life.
- Karnofsky ≥ 50 for patients > 16 years of age, and Lansky ≥ 50 for patients ≤ 16 years of age.
Prior Therapy: Patients with solid tumors must have fully recovered from the acute toxic effects of all prior chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiotherapy prior to entering this study.
- Previous Sorafenib or Topotecan: Patients may not have previously been treated with sorafenib. Patients may have been previously treated with topotecan provided it was in combination with other agents and the most recent dose was more than 6 months from study entry. Patients in whom disease has progressed on single agent topotecan will not be eligible for this study.
- Myelosuppressive Chemotherapy: Patients with solid tumors must not have received myelosuppressive chemotherapy within 3 weeks or nitrosourea within 6 weeks of entry onto this study.
- Hematopoietic Growth Factors: At least 7 days since the completion of therapy with a growth factor and at least 14 days since pegfilgrastim (Neulasta®) administration.
- Biologic (anti-neoplastic agent): At least 21 days or 5 half lives (whichever is greater duration) since the completion of therapy with a biologic agent. For agents that have known adverse events occurring beyond 7 days after administration, this period must be extended beyond the time during which adverse events are known to occur. The duration of this interval must be discussed with the study chair.
- Radiation Therapy (XRT): ≥ 4 wks for local palliative XRT (small port); ≥ 3 months must have elapsed if prior TBI, or craniospinal XRT or if ≥ 50% radiation of pelvis; ≥ 6 weeks must have elapsed if other substantial bone marrow (BM) radiation.
- Stem Cell Transplant or Rescue without total body irradiation (TBI): For allograft: no evidence of active graft vs. host disease and ≥ 3 months must have elapsed since stem cell transplantation (SCT). Autologous transplant recipients must be transfusion independent and not require growth factors for >4 weeks.
- All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent. Assent, when appropriate will be obtained according to local Institutional Review Board (IRB) guidelines. A signed informed consent form must be appropriately obtained prior to the conduct of any trial-specific procedure.
Organ Function Requirements - Adequate Bone Marrow Function Defined As:
- Peripheral absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1500/μL.
- Platelet count ≥ 100,000/μL (transfusion independent, defined as not receiving platelet transfusions within a 7 day period prior to enrollment)
- Hemoglobin ≥ 10.0 gm/dL (may receive red blood cell transfusions)
- Patients with known bone marrow metastatic disease will be eligible for study. These patients must not be known to be refractory to red cell or platelet transfusion. If dose limiting hematologic toxicity is observed, all subsequent patients enrolled at the dose level must not have bone marrow metastatic disease.
- Adequate Renal Function Defined As: Creatinine clearance or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate (GFR) ≥ 60ml/min/1.73 m^2, or serum creatinine based on age/gender as defined in the Schwartz formula for estimating GFR (Schwartz et al. J. Peds, 106:522, 1985) utilizing child length and stature data published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Adequate Liver Function Defined As:
- Bilirubin (sum of conjugated + unconjugated) ≤ upper limit of normal (ULN) for age
- Alanine transaminase (ALT) ≤ upper limit of normal for age
- All clinically significant chemistries excluding alkaline phosphatase, uric acid, aspartic transaminase (AST) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) must be grade 1 or less
Adequate Cardiac Function Defined As:
- Normal 12 lead EKG with corrected QT interval (QTc) < 450 msec, and either:
- Shortening fraction ≥ 28% or left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 50%.
- Systolic Blood Pressure and Diastolic Blood Pressure ≤ 95th percentile for age and gender
- Adequate Pulmonary Function Defined As: No evidence of dyspnea at rest, and a resting pulse oximetry > 92%.
- All acute toxic effects of any prior treatment have resolved to NCI-CTCAE v4.0 Grade 1 or less at the time of enrollment, signing the Informed Consent Form (ICF).
- Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test performed within 7 days prior to the start of treatment.
- Prothrombin time-international normalized ratio (PT-INR) ≤ 1.5 X ULN and partial thromboplastin time (PTT) or activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) ≤ 1.5 X ULN.
- Participants (men and women) of childbearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception beginning at the signing of the ICF until at least 30 days after the last dose of study drug.
- Must be able to swallow and retain oral medication
- Previous assignment to treatment during this study
- Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic pressure >140 mm Hg or diastolic pressure > 90 mm Hg [NCI-CTCAE v4.0] on repeated measurement) despite optimal medical management
- Evidence or history of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy
- Any pulmonary hemorrhage/bleeding event of NCI-CTCAE v4.0 Grade 2 or higher within 4 weeks of treatment; any other hemorrhage/bleeding event of NCI-CTCAE v4.0 Grade 3 or higher within 4 weeks of treatment
- Have used strong cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) inducers (eg, phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, St. John's Wort [Hypericum perforatum], dexamethasone at a dose of greater than 16 mg daily, or rifampin [rifampicin], and/or rifabutin) within 28 days before treatment
- Any previously untreated or concurrent cancer that is distinct in primary site or histology from the primary. Patients surviving a cancer that was curatively treated and without evidence of disease for more than 3 years before randomization are allowed. All cancer treatments must be completed at least 3 years prior to study entry (i.e., signature date of the informed consent form)
- Presence of a non-healing wound, non-healing ulcer, or bone fracture
- History of organ allograft. (Including corneal transplant)
- Known or suspected allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs, study drug classes, or excipients of the formulations given during the course of this trial
- Women who are pregnant or breast-feeding
- Inability to comply with the protocol and/or not willing or not available for follow-up assessments
- Any condition which, in the investigator's opinion, makes the patient unsuitable for trial participation
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01683149
|United States, California|
|Childrens Hospital Los Angeles|
|Los Angeles, California, United States, 90027|
|United States, Connecticut|
|Connecticut Childrens Medical Center|
|Hartford, Connecticut, United States, 06106|
|United States, Delaware|
|Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Delaware|
|Wilmington, Delaware, United States, 19803|
|United States, Florida|
|University of Florida, Gainesville|
|Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32610|
|Nemours Children's Clinic, Jacksonville|
|Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32207|
|University of Miami, Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center|
|Miami, Florida, United States, 33136|
|All Children's Hospital, St. Petersburg|
|St. Petersburg, Florida, United States, 33701|
|United States, New York|
|Montefiore Medical Center, Children's Hospital at Montefiore|
|Bronx, New York, United States, 10467|
|United States, Utah|
|Primary Children's Medical Center/Utah|
|Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84113|
|Principal Investigator:||Damon Reed, M.D.||H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute|
|Principal Investigator:||G. Douglas Letson, M.D.||H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute|
|Responsible Party:||H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
ONC-2011-49 ( Other Identifier: Bayer HealthCare )
Sunshine Project 002 ( Other Grant/Funding Number: Pediatric Cancer Foundation )
|First Posted:||September 11, 2012 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||March 4, 2016|
|Last Verified:||March 2016|
Topoisomerase I Inhibitors
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action