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Psychological Effects of Tai Chi Training

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01681082
First Posted: September 7, 2012
Last Update Posted: December 2, 2015
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Wisconsin, Madison
  Purpose
The general purpose of this study is to examine the effect of tai chi training on cognitive function in young adults. The investigators will test subjects enrolled in a semester-long tai chi course along with control subjects. The specific aims are to measure duration of practice, cognitive function, physical balance, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) indicators. The investigators primary hypotheses are that, compared to controls, subjects in the tai chi course will show improvements in (1a) spatial working memory and (1b) response inhibition. The investigators secondary hypotheses are that, among the subjects participating in the tai chi course, these cognitive improvements will correlate with (2a) improvements in balance and (2b) duration of tai chi practice, and that, among all participants, (2c) ADHD indications will correlate with cognitive measures.

Condition Intervention
Attention Deficit Disorder With Hyperactivity Behavioral: Tai Chi training

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Psychological Effects of Tai Chi Training

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Wisconsin, Madison:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in working memory [ Time Frame: Baseline and 14 weeks ]
    CANTAB Spatial Working Memory Task: SWM between errors


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in physical balance [ Time Frame: Baseline and 14 weeks ]
    One Legged Stance Test. Time standing on one leg with eyes closed. Average over left and right leg of best of three trials on each side.

  • Change in impulsivity [ Time Frame: Baseline and 14 weeks ]
    CANTAB Stop Signal Task: reaction time (SSRT).

  • Change in affective processing [ Time Frame: Baseline and 14 weeks ]
    CANTAB Affective Go/No-Go Task: mean correct latency

  • Change in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) scale [ Time Frame: Baseline and 14 weeks ]
    World Health Organization adult ADHD self-report scale (ASRS). Scoring of 6 item ASRS screener per Kessler et al. Psychological Medicine (2005) 35:245-256.

  • Duration of practice [ Time Frame: 14 weeks ]
    Total minutes of tai chi practice including class time.


Enrollment: 161
Study Start Date: September 2012
Study Completion Date: May 2014
Primary Completion Date: May 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Tai Chi Training
Subjects will be recruited from the University of Wisconsin-Madison course, "Introduction to Martial Arts: Tai Chi".
Behavioral: Tai Chi training
24 form Yang style Tai Chi. 50 minute sessions, twice weekly.
No Intervention: Control
Subjects will be recruited from the University of Wisconsin-Madison course "Introduction to Psychology".

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 23 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Able to perform balance and cognitive tests

Exclusion Criteria:

  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01681082


Locations
United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin-Madison, Waisman Center
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53705
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Alexander K. Converse University of Wisconsin, Madison
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: University of Wisconsin, Madison
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01681082     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SE-2012-0539
First Submitted: August 30, 2012
First Posted: September 7, 2012
Last Update Posted: December 2, 2015
Last Verified: December 2015

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Mental Disorders