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Psychological Effects of Tai Chi Training

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Wisconsin, Madison Identifier:
First received: August 30, 2012
Last updated: December 1, 2015
Last verified: December 2015
The general purpose of this study is to examine the effect of tai chi training on cognitive function in young adults. The investigators will test subjects enrolled in a semester-long tai chi course along with control subjects. The specific aims are to measure duration of practice, cognitive function, physical balance, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) indicators. The investigators primary hypotheses are that, compared to controls, subjects in the tai chi course will show improvements in (1a) spatial working memory and (1b) response inhibition. The investigators secondary hypotheses are that, among the subjects participating in the tai chi course, these cognitive improvements will correlate with (2a) improvements in balance and (2b) duration of tai chi practice, and that, among all participants, (2c) ADHD indications will correlate with cognitive measures.

Condition Intervention
Attention Deficit Disorder With Hyperactivity
Behavioral: Tai Chi training

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Psychological Effects of Tai Chi Training

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Wisconsin, Madison:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in working memory [ Time Frame: Baseline and 14 weeks ]
    CANTAB Spatial Working Memory Task: SWM between errors

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in physical balance [ Time Frame: Baseline and 14 weeks ]
    One Legged Stance Test. Time standing on one leg with eyes closed. Average over left and right leg of best of three trials on each side.

  • Change in impulsivity [ Time Frame: Baseline and 14 weeks ]
    CANTAB Stop Signal Task: reaction time (SSRT).

  • Change in affective processing [ Time Frame: Baseline and 14 weeks ]
    CANTAB Affective Go/No-Go Task: mean correct latency

  • Change in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) scale [ Time Frame: Baseline and 14 weeks ]
    World Health Organization adult ADHD self-report scale (ASRS). Scoring of 6 item ASRS screener per Kessler et al. Psychological Medicine (2005) 35:245-256.

  • Duration of practice [ Time Frame: 14 weeks ]
    Total minutes of tai chi practice including class time.

Enrollment: 161
Study Start Date: September 2012
Study Completion Date: May 2014
Primary Completion Date: May 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Tai Chi Training
Subjects will be recruited from the University of Wisconsin-Madison course, "Introduction to Martial Arts: Tai Chi".
Behavioral: Tai Chi training
24 form Yang style Tai Chi. 50 minute sessions, twice weekly.
No Intervention: Control
Subjects will be recruited from the University of Wisconsin-Madison course "Introduction to Psychology".


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 23 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Able to perform balance and cognitive tests

Exclusion Criteria:

  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01681082

United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin-Madison, Waisman Center
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53705
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Principal Investigator: Alexander K. Converse University of Wisconsin, Madison
  More Information

Responsible Party: University of Wisconsin, Madison Identifier: NCT01681082     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SE-2012-0539
Study First Received: August 30, 2012
Last Updated: December 1, 2015

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Mental Disorders processed this record on April 21, 2017