The Role of Apoptosis Associated Markers in Pathogenesis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
To Compare the Serum Apoptosis-associated Markers Between Patients With Active TB and Patients With LTBI
To Evaluate the Efficiency of Apoptosis-associated Markers to Differentiate Potential of Active TB From LTBI
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||The Role of Apoptosis Associated Markers in Pathogenesis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis|
- getting active tuberculosis [ Time Frame: 2 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- mortality [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2011|
|Patient with active tuberculosis|
|Patients with diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection|
|Patient without latent tuberculosis or active tuberculosis|
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) remains the most important infectious disease worldwide. For controlling TB, the important strategy includes not only adequate anti-tuberculous treatment but also well control of latent TB infection (LTBI). Latent TB infection (LTBI) has 10% of reactivation or more in patients with immuno-compromised disorder. Although LTBI can be detected by interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) or tuberculin skin test, how to predict who will become active TB from LTBI is still unclear but important. In overall prophylactic treatment for LTBI, the lengthy duration and possible serious side effect too scared to general application especially 90% of population who may not get illness. Therefore, to recognize who develop active TB from LTBI is important for targeted prophylactic therapy. The good marker is not discovered at present. When TB bacilli arrive our lung, macrohage is the first line defense and necrosis rather than apoptosis is the dominant form of cell death, which affords a protective milieu for M. tuberculosis. Though the apoptosis is suppressed in TB, the apoptosis-associated markers have rarely been investigated in human LTBI vs. active TB. We set up a cohort study to detect active TB developing from LTBI and first-step conduct a case control study to compare apoptosis markers between LTBI and active TB for evaluating the apoptosis markers in discriminating TB infection status. The significant markers should be verified in further cohort study of LTBI patients.
Hypothesis: The apoptosis-associated markers, including Fas ligand, Decoy-receptor 3, Lipoxin, and prostaglandin E2, are discriminative in patients with active TB from those with LTBI and thus might predict the potential of being active TB from LTBI.
To compare the serum apoptosis-associated markers between patients with active TB and patients with LTBI To evaluate the efficiency of apoptosis-associated markers to differentiate potential of active TB from LTBI Methods: We prospectively enroll patients with active TB (n=100) and LTBI (n=100), defined by IGRA. Blood sample would be collected before they received definite treatment after yielding informed consent. We will examine serum apoptosis-associated markers including Fas ligand, Decoy-receptor 3, Lipoxin, and prostaglandin E2, and other cytokines and chemokines in serum sample and supernatant from T-cell after TB antigen stimulation. Their clinical characteristics will be recorded. We compare the laboratory and clinical data between the two groups and analyze the efficacy of diagnostic help from these markers.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01676155
|National Taiwan University Hospital|
|Taipei, Taiwan, 100|
|Principal Investigator:||Chin-Chung Shu, MD||National Taiwan University Hospital|