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The Efficacy of Insulin Degludec/Liraglutide in Controlling Glycaemia in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes Inadequately Controlled on GLP-1 Receptor Agonist and OAD Therapy (DUAL™ III)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novo Nordisk A/S Identifier:
First received: August 28, 2012
Last updated: December 15, 2016
Last verified: December 2016

This trial is conducted in Europe, Oceania and the United States of America (USA).

The aim of the trial is to investigate the efficacy of insulin degludec/liraglutide in controlling glycaemia in adults with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled on glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist and OAD therapy.

Condition Intervention Phase
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Drug: insulin degludec/liraglutide
Drug: liraglutide
Drug: exenatide
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Efficacy of Insulin Degludec/Liraglutide in Controlling Glycaemia in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes Inadequately Controlled on GLP-1 Receptor Agonist and OAD Therapy (DUAL™ III -GLP-1 Switch)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Novo Nordisk A/S:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) from baseline (randomisation, Visit 2) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Responders achieving pre-defined target: HbA1c below 7.0% (53 mmol/mol) [ Time Frame: Week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Responders achieving pre-defined target: HbA1c below or equal to 6.5% (48 mmol/mol) [ Time Frame: Week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change from baseline in body weight [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change from baseline in fasting plasma glucose (FPG) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number of severe or minor hypoglycaemic episodes [ Time Frame: After 26 weeks of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number of adverse events (AEs) [ Time Frame: After 26 weeks of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change from baseline in patient reported outcomes (PROs) based on the treatment related impact measure - diabetes (TRIM-D) and diabetes treatment satisfaction questionnaire (DTSQ) [ Time Frame: Week 0, week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 438
Study Start Date: August 2012
Study Completion Date: March 2014
Primary Completion Date: March 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Insulin degludec/liraglutide + OADs Drug: insulin degludec/liraglutide
Injected subcutaneously (under the skin) once daily. Dose individually adjusted. Subjects will continue their pre-trial OAD treatment without changing the frequency or dose throughout the trial.
Active Comparator: Liraglutide or exenatide + OADs Drug: liraglutide
Subjects will continue on their pre-trial treatment of liraglutide (Victoza®) (GLP-1 receptor agonist) + OAD without changing the frequency or dose throughout the trial.
Drug: exenatide
Subjects will continue on their pre-trial treatment of exenatide (Byetta®) (GLP-1 receptor agonist) + OAD without changing the frequency or dose throughout the trial.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus
  • Glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) 7.0-9.0% (53-75 mmol/mol) (both inclusive)
  • Treatment with daily GLP-1 receptor agonist at maximum dose according to local label (i.e. 1.8 mg once daily (OD) Victoza® (liraglutide) or 10 microgram twice daily (BID) Byetta® (exenatide)) or documented maximum tolerated dose (i.e. 1.2 mg OD Victoza® (liraglutide) or 5 microgram BID Byetta® (exenatide)) in combination with a stable daily dose of metformin (equal to or above 1500 mg or documented maximum tolerated dose) for 90 days or more prior to screening visit (Visit 1)
  • BMI (body mass index) equal to or below 40 kg/m^2

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any use of oral anti-diabetic drugs (OADs) (except for metformin, pioglitazone and sulphonylurea) for 90 days or less prior to screening visit (Visit 1)
  • Use of any drug (except metformin,pioglitazone, sulphonylurea and GLP-1 receptor agonist) which in the Investigator's opinion could interfere with the blood glucose level (e.g. systemic corticosteroids)
  • Treatment with any insulin regimen (short term treatment due to intercurrent illness including gestational diabetes is allowed at the discretion of the Investigator)
  • Screening calcitonin equal to or above 50 ng/l
  • Personal or family history of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) or multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2)
  • Cardiovascular disorders defined as: congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III-IV), diagnosis of unstable angina pectoris, cerebral stroke and/or myocardial infarction within the past 52 weeks prior to screening visit (Visit 1) and/or planned coronary, carotid or peripheral artery revascularisation procedures
  • Proliferative retinopathy requiring acute treatment or maculopathy (macular oedema) according to the Investigator's opinion
  • Subjects with a clinically significant, active (during the past 12 months) disease of the gastrointestinal, pulmonary, endocrinological (except for the type 2 diabetes mellitus), neurological, genitourinary or haematological system that in the opinion of the Investigator may confound the results of the trial or pose additional risk in administering trial products
  • History of chronic pancreatitis or idiopathic acute pancreatitis
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01676116

  Show 109 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novo Nordisk A/S
Study Director: Global Clinical Registry (GCR, 1452) Novo Nordisk A/S
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: Novo Nordisk A/S Identifier: NCT01676116     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NN9068-3851  2012-000209-63  U1111-1127-1321 
Study First Received: August 28, 2012
Last Updated: December 15, 2016
Health Authority: Australia: Department of Health and Ageing Therapeutic Goods Administration
France: Afssaps - Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des produits de santé (Saint-Denis)
Slovakia: State Institute for Drug Control
United States: Food and Drug Administration
Hungary: Ministry of Health, Social and Family Affairs

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Insulin, Globin Zinc
Insulin, Long-Acting
Glucagon-Like Peptide 1
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists processed this record on January 18, 2017