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Body Image in Youth With HIV

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01673750
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 28, 2012
Last Update Posted : April 14, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Brief Summary:

This is an observational study that seeks to gather information about perceptions of body image through the use of a one-time questionnaire completed by participants at the time of study enrollment.

Effective management of Human Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) has become possible through the use of Highly Active Antiretroviral Treatment (HAART). As a result of more successful treatment options, HIV/AIDS has transitioned from a terminal illness to one which is treated as a chronic condition. One particular group that has been impacted tremendously by HIV in the United States is the adolescent population. As youth are living longer with HIV/AIDS, clinicians and researchers are beginning to examine ways in which the disease can affect one's physical health, mental health, and other psychosocial factors. Research emerging involving adults with HIV/AIDS has suggested that increased attention to and negative views of one's body image may be found at a higher rate in this group. To our knowledge, very few studies have examined this relationship in adolescents with HIV.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV Other: Questionnaire

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this exploratory study is to characterize body image perceptions among youth with perinatally and behaviorally acquired HIV. In a cross-sectional design, adolescents will be asked to complete an ACASI questionnaire that will assess body image, medication adherence, depressive symptoms, medical, and other sociodemographic variables which may relate to adolescents with HIV. Information regarding the adolescents' medical history, medications, and physical functioning also will be abstracted from his or her medical record. Guided by the Intervention Mapping (IM) approach, findings from this study will inform future intervention studies designed to enhance HIV disease management among adolescents.


To characterize body image perceptions among youth with HIV.

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Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 146 participants
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Body Image in Youth With HIV
Study Start Date : October 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment
Participants will have documented HIV infection and are aware of their diagnosis. They will complete a one-time questionnaire.
Other: Questionnaire
The primary outcome, characterizing body image among HIV infected adolescents, will be measured using a questionnaire administered to study participants through Audio Computer Assisted Self-Interview (ACASI) technology.
Other Names:
  • Audio Computer Assisted Self-Interview

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Reported level of normative body image and discrepancy between perceived body image and preferred body image [ Time Frame: Once at time of participant enrollment ]

    The MBSRQ-AS is a well-validated self-report inventory for the assessment of body image (BI). It has five subscales: Appearance Evaluation, Appearance Orientation, Overweight Preoccupation, Self-Classified Weight, Body Areas Satisfaction Scale. Descriptive analyses (means and standard deviations of overall scores and means for each subscale) will be reported.

    The Figure Rating Scale is a culturally relevant measure modeled after Stunkard's widely used nine-figure scale of schematic figures of varying size. Participants will be asked to identify which BI they find most similar to their current body type and which BI would be ideal or preferred. A BI discrepancy (BID) score will be calculated for each subject based on their responses on the Figure Rating Scale: negative BID score indicates the subject's ideal BI is larger than perceived; positive BID score indicates the subject wants to be smaller/thinner than perceived; score of zero indicates the subject prefers his/her perceived BI.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 23 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Patients with documented HIV infection between the ages of 16 and 24 who are willing and able to consent.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of HIV infection as documented in adolescent's medical record
  • Adolescent is aware of his/her HIV diagnosis
  • The adolescent/caregiver's primary language in English
  • Adolescent is ≥ 16 and < 24 years old
  • Adolescent is willing and able to provide consent per institutional guidelines

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Adolescent has documented diagnosis of mental retardation or a significant motor or sensory impairment that would preclude participation in the study survey.
  • Adolescent has known acute psychiatric illness, including suicidal ideation, homicidal ideation or active psychosis.
  • Adolescent is a pregnant female.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01673750

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United States, Tennessee
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38105
Sponsors and Collaborators
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
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Principal Investigator: Megan Wilkins, PhD St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: St. Jude Children's Research Hospital Identifier: NCT01673750     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HIVBI
First Posted: August 28, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 14, 2014
Last Verified: April 2014

Keywords provided by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital:
Body Image

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases