Fluorodeoxyglucose Imaging Studies to Detect Lymphoma
- Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is a genetic disorder of the lymph system. People with ALPS often have swollen lymph nodes, especially in the neck and armpit. They also have a much higher risk of developing lymphoma. It is not always easy to determine whether the swollen lymph nodes are caused by ALPS or by lymphoma. Researchers want to see whether different imaging studies can show the difference between ALPS and lymphoma. The studies used will be positron emission tomography (PET) and computed tomography (CT). Researchers will use a drug called fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) to look at the lymph nodes.
- To see how well imaging studies can distinguish between swollen lymph nodes caused by ALPS or by lymphoma.
- Individuals must be 5 years of age or older and enrolled on the National Institutes of Health natural history study of ALPS.
- Participants should either have lymphoma or have symptoms that suggest possible lymphoma.
- Participants will be screened with a physical exam and medical history. Blood and urine samples will be collected.
- Participants will have an FDG-PET/CT scan. It will be performed according to standard procedures.
- If the results of the scan do not show lymphoma, participants will stay on the study for 1 year for clinical follow up. They may have a second FDG-PET/CT scan if there is a change in symptoms. Such changes include further enlargement of lymph nodes, unexplained fevers, or weight loss.
- If the results of the scan show evidence of new or worsening lymphoma, treatment on this study will end. Further tests based on clinical symptoms, including a lymph node biopsy, may be done under the ALPS natural history study to rule out or make a diagnosis of lymphoma.
Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome
|Study Design:||Time Perspective: Prospective|
|Official Title:||Use of Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography With Computed Tomography for the Evaluation of Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome Lymphadenopathy Suggestive of Lymphoma|
|Study Start Date:||August 6, 2012|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||February 27, 2015|
The Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome (ALPS) is an inherited disorder associated with defective lymphocyte apoptosis, which is clinically characterized by prominent nonmalignant lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, and overt autoimmune diseases such as hemolytic anemia, autoimmune thrombocytopenia, and neutropenia. Additionally, ALPS patients have a significantly increased risk of developing non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). The diagnosis of lymphoma is particularly troublesome in ALPS because many ALPS manifestations overlap with clinical features suggestive of lymphoma. Therefore, individuals with ALPS may undergo repeated biopsies during the course of the disease. Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) is a noninvasive test that may help us discriminate benign from malignant lymphadenopathy in patients with ALPS.
For patients with ALPS and clinical symptoms suggestive of lymphoma, such as a sudden increase in focal lymphadenopathy and/or systemic B symptoms associated with lymphoma, we want to investigate whether FDG-PET/CT is useful in determining a plan of action by assisting in locating the most active lymph node and determining whether a surgical biopsy is warranted. Under this protocol, FDG-PET/CT scans will be done to rule out lymphoma. A lymph node biopsy may be necessary to determine the pathology of the lymph node and will not be done for research purposes alone.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01672918
|Principal Investigator:||V. Koneti Rao, M.D.||National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|