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Rifaximin for Preventing Relapse of Clostridium Associated Diarrhoea (RAPID)

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified February 2016 by University of Nottingham
National Institute for Health Research, United Kingdom
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Nottingham Identifier:
First received: August 17, 2012
Last updated: February 25, 2016
Last verified: February 2016
Clostridium difficile associated diarrhoea is an important cause of morbidity in patients treated with antibiotics, especially in hospital. Clinical relapse occurs after up to 30% of initially successful treatments for colitis. Preliminary reports suggest that Rifaximin, a poorly absorbed antibiotic used to treat travellers diarrhoea can prevent relapse. We plan to carry out a randomised placebo controlled trial to test the hypothesis that Rifaximin given in a reducing dose over 4 weeks after successful treatment will reduce the relapse rate.

Condition Intervention Phase
Clostridium Difficile Infection
Drug: Rifaximin
Drug: Placebo
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Randomised Placebo Controlled Trial of "Follow on" Rifaximin for the Prevention of Relapse of Clostridium Associated Diarrhoea

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Nottingham:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Difference in % relapse between Rifaximin and placebo at 12 weeks [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    The difference in % relapse between Rifaximin and placebo at 12 weeks

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion relapsed, re-hospitalisation and bowel symptoms [ Time Frame: 12 weeks - 6 months ]

    Secondary endpoints:


    1. Proportion with relapse of CDAD within 6 months
    2. Proportion re-hospitalised for CDAD within 6 months
    3. Length of in-hospital stay following start of treatment


    1. Stool frequency and consistency during 12 weeks after start of treatment
    2. Microbiological assessments

Estimated Enrollment: 180
Study Start Date: December 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date: June 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Identical looking tablet
Drug: Placebo
Active Comparator: Rifaximin , Xifaxanta™
2 weeks of Rifaximin 400mg thrice daily then 2 weeks of Rifaximin 200mg thrice daily Modified Xifaxanta™ (rifaximin film-coated tablet) manufactured by Alfa Wasermann (AW),
Drug: Rifaximin
Other Name: Xifaxanta™

Detailed Description:

Aims i) To examine efficacy of a follow-on course of Rifaximin given after a successful initial course of standard treatment, in the prevention of relapse in C. difficile associated diarrhoea (CDAD).

ii) To examine changes in faecal microbiota in patients given Rifaximin vs. Placebo.

Treatment 4 weeks treatment with Rifaximin or Placebo tablets. Tapering dose starting with 2 x 200mg tablets three times a day (total = 1.2g per day) for the 1st 2 weeks, reduced to 1 x 200mg tablet three times a day (total = 0.6g per day) for the 2nd 2 weeks.

Primary endpoint: The difference in % relapse between Rifaximin and placebo at 12 weeks


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion criteria:

  1. Men / Women aged 18 and over (We will also include those adults who lack mental capacity for whom we have a legal representative)
  2. Successful treatment of clinically diagnosed CDAD using standard therapy (metronidazole or vancomycin given according to standard local hospital guidelines).

Exclusion criteria:

  1. Woman of child bearing potential and not willing to use at least one highly effective contraceptive method throughout the study
  2. Male with spouse/partner of child bearing potential and not willing to use condoms
  3. Pregnant or breast feeding
  4. Unable to swallow tablets
  5. Life expectancy of <4 weeks
  6. Hypersensitivity to the active substance, to any rifamycin (e.g. rifampicin or rifabutin) or to any of its excipients (Tablet core: Sodium starch glycolate type A, glycerol distearate, colloidal anhydrous, silica, talc and microcrystalline cellulose. Tablet coating: hypromellose, titanium dioxide (E171), disodium edentate, propylene glycol and red iron oxide E172)
  7. >5 days post standard therapy (metronidazole or vancomycin) for clinically diagnosed CDAD
  8. Taking ciclosporin
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01670149

Contact: Aida Jawhari, MD +441159249924 ext 66086
Contact: Robin C Spiller, MD 1158231090

United Kingdom
Nottingham Clinical Trials Unit (NCTU), Queen's Medical Centre Recruiting
Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, United Kingdom, NG7 2UH
Contact: Sarah Fahy    +44 (0)115 884 4924   
Contact: Robin c Spiller, MD    +44 (0)115 8231090   
Principal Investigator: Aida Jawhari, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Giles Major, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Nottingham
National Institute for Health Research, United Kingdom
Principal Investigator: Aida Jawhari, MD Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: University of Nottingham Identifier: NCT01670149     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 12072
2012-003205-10 ( EudraCT Number )
Study First Received: August 17, 2012
Last Updated: February 25, 2016
Individual Participant Data  
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by University of Nottingham:
Clostridium difficile

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive
Signs and Symptoms
Anti-Infective Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Bacterial Agents processed this record on April 24, 2017