Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma, and Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma
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This study is being done to determine if targeted radiation therapy (stereotactic) can be given to treat liver cancer, for patient who are unable to undergo surgery, over a short period of time with a small amount of side effects.
Stereotactic radiation therapy (either photon or proton) can be delivered to the liver with a less than 10% 3-month incidence of Grade 4 study related toxicity. [ Time Frame: Up to 90 days after end of radiation therapy ]
Secondary Outcome Measures
Measure the late toxicity associated with using stereotactic radiation therapy in patients with unresectable HCC and IHC. [ Time Frame: Up to 60 days after end of radiation therapy ]
Measure the local recurrence rates associated with using SBRT in patients with unresectable HCC and IHC. [ Time Frame: Time of treatment until recurrance or progressive disease as measured by CT/MR from baseline to recurrance or progressive disease ]
Measure the overall survival rates associated with using SBRT in patients with unresectable HCC and IHC. [ Time Frame: Baseline to time of death ]
Measure the response rates associated with using SBRT in patients with resectable HCC and IHC [ Time Frame: Baseline to the first date of recurrance or progressive disease ]
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Age ≥ 18
Karnofsky Performance Status of ≥ 60
Pathologically confirmed IHC or HCC. (Pathology not required for HCC if the lesion enhances typically on MRI and the patient is evaluated by liver transplant surgery team and thought to have HCC.)
4 or less separate intrahepatic lesions, with at least one lesion that is able to be followed by EASL Criteria.
Local surgical resection is not possible due to tumor or patient factors
Limited metastatic disease is allowed if the volume of metastatic disease does not exceed the volume of primary disease.
Prior TACE allowed if stopped/completed at least 2 weeks prior to enrollment
Prior chemotherapy except Sorafenib allowed if stopped/completed at least 2 weeks prior to enrollment
Prior Sorafenib allowed if stopped/completed at least seven days prior to enrollment.
Able to provide signed informed consent
Childs-Pugh score 9 or more
ALT or AST ≥ 6 x upper limit of normal
Prior history of abdominal irradiation
Women who are pregnant or nursing
Scheduled to undergo chemotherapy except Sorafenib at the time when radiation therapy will be given, or for up to 4 weeks after completion of radiation therapy.
Scheduled to undergo Sorafenib within seven days of when radiation therapy will be delivered, or for up to 2 weeks after completion of radiation therapy.