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Boceprevir and Ucalm (St John&Apos;s Wort)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01663922
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 13, 2012
Results First Posted : September 29, 2014
Last Update Posted : September 29, 2014
University of Liverpool
University of Turin, Italy
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
St Stephens Aids Trust

Brief Summary:

The purpose of the study is to look at whether taking a new medication for hepatitis C (boceprevir) together with a herbal remedy commonly used for the treatment of depression (SJW) has any effect on the levels of boceprevir in the blood, compared to when boceprevir is taken on its own.

Treatment of hepatitis C genotype-1, has recently been significantly improved with the addition of a new class of drugs called protease inhibitors (PIs). Boceprevir belongs to this class of antiviral drugs and it is administered in combinations with other drugs to treat hepatitis C. One of the common side effects of treatment for hepatitis C is low mood (depression) for which treated patients may self-medicate with preparations containing St. Johns Wort (SJW).

SJW is known to cause drug interactions, so taking SJW at the same time as boceprevir may result in a change in how both of these drugs usually work. It is therefore important to find out if the levels of boceprevir in the blood are significantly affected by taking SJW.

The study aims to help us understand whether it will be safe to take SJW whilst being simultaneously treated for hepatitis C with boceprevir.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hepatitis C Drug: Boceprevir Drug: St John's Wort Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Boceprevir is a strong inhibitor of CYP3A4/5. Medicines metabolized primarily by CYP3A4/5 may have increased exposure when administered with boceprevir, which could increase or prolong their therapeutic and adverse reactions. Boceprevir does not inhibit or induce the other enzymes of the CYP450 family.

Boceprevir has been shown to be a P-glycoprotein and breast cancer resistant protein (BCRP) substrate in vitro. There is potential for inhibitors or inducers of these transporters to alter the concentrations of boceprevir; the clinical implications of these interactions are not known.Boceprevir is partly metabolized by CYP3A4/5. Co-administration of boceprevir with medicines that induce or inhibit CYP3A4/5 could increase or decrease exposure to boceprevir and affect its efficacy.Boceprevir, in combination with peginterferon and ribavirin, is contraindicated when coadministered with medicines that are highly dependent on CYP3A4/5 for clearance, and for which elevated plasma concentrations are associated with serious and/or life-threatening events. Examples may include; orally administered midazolam and triazolam, bepridil, pimozide, lumefantrine, halofantrine, and tyrosine kinase inhibitors, and ergot derivatives (dihydroergotamine, ergonovine, ergotamine, methylergonovine).

Boceprevir is primarily metabolized by aldoketo reductase (AKR). In medicine interaction trials conducted with AKR inhibitors diflunisal and ibuprofen, boceprevir exposure did not increase to a clinically significant extent. Boceprevir may be co-administered with AKR inhibitors. The concomitant use of boceprevir with stong CYP3A4 inducers such as rifampicin or anticonvulsants (such as phenytoin, phenobarbital or carbamazepine) may significantly reduce the plasma exposure of boceprevir. As no data is available, the combination of boceprevir with these medicines is not recommended.

The metabolism of St John's Wort is not currently known. Treatment with St John's wort for 14 days resulted in significant increases in the urinary 6-beta-hydroxycortisol/ cortisol ratio, suggesting that St John's wort is an inducer of CYP3A4. For this reason, it is not recommended to administer SJW with CYP3A4 metabolized drugs. Furthermore,interactions may occur with P-glycoprotein substrates, as St. John's wort can induce the activity of transmembrane transporters. This might decrease the effectiveness of some medications.

For the reasons illustrated above, the potential for a drug interaction between SJW and boceprevir is high and the co-administration must be studied in order to gain information on whether: i) SJW leads to a decrease in boceprevir concentrations and therefore efficacy; ii) boceprevir leads to an increase in SJW (hypericin) exposure with risk of toxicity.

The safety and PK of the combination should be known especially in view of the common side effects caused by interferon, which is co-administered with boceprevir for the treatment of hepatitis C: as interferon causes depression, patients may chose to take SJW rather than prescribed anti-depressants to manage their mood changes during antihepatitis treatment.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 17 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Phase I Evaluation of the Pharmacokinetics and Safety of Boceprevir and Ucalm (St John&Apos;s Wort) When Co-administered to Male and Female Healthy Volunteers.
Study Start Date : August 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: St John's Wort, then Boceprevir
D 1-14 St. John's Wort 2 x 300mg (Ucalm(r)) QD D 22-35 St. John's Wort 2 x 300mg (Ucalm(r)) QD D 31-35 Boceprevir 800mg tds D 52-56 Boceprevir 800mg tds
Drug: Boceprevir
Boceprevir as Victrelis(r) 200mg capsules
Other Name: Boceprevir 800 mg three times daily

Drug: St John's Wort
Each Ucalm(r) tablet contains 300mg of St Johns Wort extract
Other Name: Ucalm (R) tablets, two tablets given once daily

Experimental: Boceprevir, then St John's Wort
D 10-14 Boceprevir 800mg tds D 22-35 St. John's Wort 2 x 300mg (Ucalm(r)) QD D 31-35 Boceprevir 800mg tds D 43-56 St. John's Wort 2 x 300mg (Ucalm(r)) QD
Drug: Boceprevir
Boceprevir as Victrelis(r) 200mg capsules
Other Name: Boceprevir 800 mg three times daily

Drug: St John's Wort
Each Ucalm(r) tablet contains 300mg of St Johns Wort extract
Other Name: Ucalm (R) tablets, two tablets given once daily

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pharmacokinetic of Boceprevir in the Presence of Ucalm (St John's Wort) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

    Pharmacokinetic parameters (maximum and trough concentrations, and area under concentratof boceprevir and SJW will be evaluated when given in combination at steady-state to evaluate possible differences in concentrations during co-administration versus drug given alone.

    The pharmacokinetic parameters calculated for boceprevir and SJW will be Ctrough,the maximum observed plasma concentration (Cmax), time point at Cmax (Tmax), and total drug exposure, expressed as the area under the plasma concentration-time curve.

    All pharmacokinetic parameters will be calculated using non-compartmental modelling techniques (WinNonlin®) and all statistical calculations performed within-participant changes in the assessed pharmacokinetic parameters (drug alone vs drug combination) will be evaluated by calculating geometric mean ratios.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

Subjects must meet all of the following inclusion criteria within 28 days prior to day 0:

  1. The ability to understand and sign a written informed consent form, prior to participation in any screening procedures and must be willing to comply with all study requirements
  2. Male or non-pregnant, non-lactating females
  3. Between 18 to 65 years, inclusive
  4. Body Mass Index (BMI) of 18 to 35 kg/m2, inclusive.
  5. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP), who are sexually active, must be using an adequate method of contraception to avoid pregnancy throughout the study and for a period of at least one month after the study in addition to the consistent and correct use of a condom. Examples of adequate methods of contraception for females in this trial are diaphragm with spermicide, substance and intra-uterine device. Hormonal contraceptives should not be considered a method of contraception and should be avoided if containing drospirenone.
  6. Willing to consent to their personal details being entered onto The Over volunteering Prevention Scheme (TOPS) database.
  7. Registered with a GP in the UK
  8. Willing to bring photo ID to each visit

Exclusion Criteria:

Subjects who meet any of the following exclusion criteria are not to be enrolled in this study.

  1. Any significant acute or chronic medical illness
  2. Evidence of organ dysfunction or any clinically significant deviation from normal in physical examination, vital signs, ECG or clinical laboratory determinations
  3. Positive blood screen for hepatitis B and/or C antibodies
  4. Positive blood screen for HIV-1 and 2 antibodies
  5. Current or recent (within three months) gastrointestinal disease
  6. Clinically relevant alcohol or drug use (positive urine drug screen) or history of alcohol or drug use considered by the Investigator to be sufficient to hinder compliance with treatment, follow-up procedures or evaluation of adverse events. Smoking is permitted, but tobacco intake should remain consistent throughout the study
  7. Exposure to any investigational drug or placebo within three months of first dose of study drug (additional check to be made on TOPS
  8. Consumption of grapefruit or Seville oranges, or any grapefruit or Seville orange containing product within one week of first dose of study drug and for the duration of the study
  9. Use of any other drugs, including over-the-counter medications and herbal preparations, within two weeks prior to first dose of study drug, unless approved/prescribed by the Principal Investigator as known not to interact with study drugs (note OCPs containing drosperinone should be excluded)
  10. Females of childbearing potential without the use of effective non-hormonal birth control methods, or not willing to continue practising these birth control methods for at least 30 days after the end of the treatment period
  11. Previous allergy to any of the constituents of the pharmaceuticals administered in this trial

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01663922

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United Kingdom
St Stephen's AIDS Trust
London, United Kingdom, SW10 9NH
Sponsors and Collaborators
St Stephens Aids Trust
University of Liverpool
University of Turin, Italy
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Principal Investigator: Marta Boffito HIV Consultant
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: St Stephens Aids Trust Identifier: NCT01663922    
Other Study ID Numbers: SSAT 045
First Posted: August 13, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 29, 2014
Last Update Posted: September 29, 2014
Last Verified: September 2014
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hepatitis C
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Flaviviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections