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Trial of Aripiprazole Intramuscular Depot (OPC-14597, Lu AF41155) in the Acute Treatment of Adults With Schizophrenia

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
H. Lundbeck A/S
Otsuka America Pharmaceutical
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01663532
First received: August 9, 2012
Last updated: February 12, 2015
Last verified: February 2015
  Purpose

The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate the overall efficacy of aripiprazole intramuscular (IM) depot as acute treatment in subjects with schizophrenia.

The secondary purpose is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of aripiprazole IM depot administered every 4 weeks for 12 weeks to adult subjects with schizophrenia.


Condition Intervention Phase
Schizophrenia
Drug: Aripiprazole IM Depot
Drug: Placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A 12-week, Phase 3, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial of Aripiprazole Intramuscular Depot (OPC-14597, Lu AF41155) in the Acute Treatment of Adults With Schizophrenia

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean Change From Baseline to Endpoint in Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) Total Score. [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 10 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PANSS consisted of three subscales that contained a total of 30 symptom constructs. For each symptom construct, severity was rated on a 7-point scale, with a score of 1 that indicated the absence of symptoms and a score of 7 indicated extremely severe symptoms. The PANSS total score was the sum of the rating scores for 7 positive subscale items, 7 negative subscale items, and 16 general psychopathology subscale items from the PANSS panel. PANSS Total Score ranged from 30 (best possible outcome) to 210 (worst possible outcome). The primary statistical comparison was performed using the Mixed Model Repeated Measure (MMRM) approach.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean Change From Baseline to Endpoint in Clinical Global Impression-Severity Scale (CGI-S) Score. [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 10 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The severity of illness for each participants were rated using the CGI-S scale. The study physician were to answer the following question: "Considering your total experience with this particular population, how mentally ill is the patient at this time?" Response choices included were: 0= not assessed; 1= normal; not at all ill; 2= borderline mentally ill; 3= mildly ill; 4= moderately ill; 5= markedly ill; 6= severely ill; and 7= among the most extremely ill participants.

  • Mean Change From Baseline to Endpoint in PANSS Positive Subscale Score. [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 10 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PANSS consisted of three subscales that contained a total of 30 symptom constructs. For each symptom construct, severity is rated on a 7-point scale, with a score of 1 indicated the absence of symptoms and a score of 7 indicated extremely severe symptoms. In positive subscale, the 7 positive symptom constructs were: delusions, conceptual disorganization, hallucinatory behavior, excitement, grandiosity, suspiciousness/persecution, and hostility. PANSS Positive Subscale Score ranges from 7 (absence of symptoms) to 49 (extremely severe symptoms).

  • Mean Change From Baseline to Endpoint in PANSS Negative Subscale Score. [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 10 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PANSS consisted of three subscales: a total of 30 symptom constructs. For each symptom construct, severity was rated on a 7-point scale, with a score of 1 indicated- absence of symptoms and a score of 7 indicated- extremely severe symptoms. The PANSS negative subscale score was the sum of the rating scores for the 7 negative scale items from the PANSS panel. The 7 negative symptom constructs were: blunted affect, emotional withdrawal, poor rapport, passive apathetic withdrawal, difficulty in abstract thinking, lack of spontaneity and flow of conversation and stereotyped thinking. PANSS Negative Subscale Score ranges from 7 (absence of symptoms) to 49 (extremely severe symptoms).

  • Mean Change From Baseline to Endpoint in Personal and Social Performance Scale (PSP) Score. [ Time Frame: Week 10 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PSP was a validated clinician scale that measured personal and social functionining in 4 domains: socially useful activities eg, work and study), personal and social relationships, self-care, disturbing and aggressive behaviours. Impairement in each of these domains was rated as absent, mild, manifest, marked, severe, or very severe. These ratings were then converted to a total score based on a 100-point scale using algorithms to identify the appropriate 10-point interval and the study physician's judgement to determine the total score within the 10-point interval. Participants with a PSP total score of 71 to 100 were considered to have mild functional difficulty. Scores of 31 to 70 represented varying degrees of disability (31 to 70) and ratings of 1 to 30 indicated minimal functioning that required intense support and/or supervision.

  • Mean Clinical Global Impression-Improvement Scale (CGI-I) Score at Endpoint. [ Time Frame: Week 10 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The severity of illness for each participants were rated using the CGI-S scale. The study physician were to answer the following question: "Considering your total experience with this particular population, how mentally ill is the patient at this time?" Response choices included were: 0= not assessed; 1= normal; not at all ill; 2= borderline mentally ill; 3= mildly ill; 4= moderately ill; 5= markedly ill; 6= severely ill; and 7= among the most extremely ill participants.

  • Responder Rate Based on PANSS Total Score. [ Time Frame: Week 10 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Responder rate was defined as ≥30% reduction from Baseline in PANSS Total Score. PANSS Total Score ranged from 30 (best possible outcome) to 210 (worst possible outcome).


Enrollment: 340
Study Start Date: October 2012
Study Completion Date: September 2013
Primary Completion Date: August 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Aripiprazole IM Depot
Aripiprazole IM Depot 400 mg, with allowed decrease to 300 mg for safety and return to 400 mg for efficacy if needed, every four weeks for 12 weeks
Drug: Aripiprazole IM Depot
Other Names:
  • OPC-14597
  • Lu AF41155
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Matching placebo
Drug: Placebo
Matching Placebo

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male and female subjects 18 to 65 years of age, inclusive, at time of informed consent.
  • Subjects with a diagnosis of schizophrenia for at least 1 year as defined by DSM-IV-TR criteria and confirmed by the MINI for Schizophrenia and Psychotic Disorders Studies.
  • Subjects with a stable living environment when not in hospital.
  • Subjects who would benefit from hospitalization or continued hospitalization for treatment of a current acute relapse of schizophrenia at trial entry.
  • Subjects who are experiencing an acute exacerbation of psychotic symptoms and marked deterioration of usual function as demonstrated by meeting BOTH of the following at screening and baseline:

    • Currently experiencing an acute exacerbation of psychotic symptoms accompanied by significant deterioration in the subject's clinical and/or functional status from their baseline clinical presentation with a Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) Total Score ≥ 80 AND
    • Specific psychotic symptoms on the PANSS as measured by a score of > 4 on each of the following items (possible scores of 1 to 7 for each item)

      • Conceptual disorganization (P2)
      • Hallucinatory behavior (P3)
      • Suspiciousness/persecution (P6)
      • Unusual thought content (G9)
  • Subjects who have received previous outpatient antipsychotic treatment at an adequate dose for an adequate duration and who showed a previous good response to such antipsychotic treatment (other than clozapine) in last 12 months.
  • Subjects with a history of relapse and/or exacerbation of symptoms when not receiving antipsychotic treatment, excluding current episode.
  • Subjects willing to discontinue all prohibited psychotropic medications to meet protocol required washouts prior to and during trial period.
  • BMI less ≤ 40 kg/m2 (morbid obesity) at screening.
  • Subjects who are able to provide written informed consent.
  • Ability to understand the nature of trial and follow protocol requirements.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Sexually active males of childbearing potential who do not agree to practice 2 different methods of birth control or remain abstinent during the trial and for 180 days after last dose of trial medication. Sexually active females of childbearing potential who do not agree to practice 2 different methods of birth control or remain abstinent during the trial and for 150 days after last dose of trial medication.
  • Females who are breast-feeding and/or who have a positive pregnancy test result prior to receiving IMP in this trial.
  • Subjects with improvement of ≥ 30% in total PANSS score between the screening and baseline assessments. - Subjects presenting with a first episode of schizophrenia - Subjects hospitalized for ≥ 30 days out of the last 90 days prior to screening visit. Subjects who have been hospitalized > 5 days for current acute episode at the time of screening visit
  • Subjects with schizophrenia who are considered resistant/refractory to antipsychotic treatment Subjects who have a history of response to clozapine treatment only.
  • Subjects with a current DSM-IV-TR Axis I diagnosis other than schizophrenia Also, subjects with borderline, paranoid, histrionic, schizotypal, schizoid, or antisocial personality disorder or mental retardation.
  • Subjects experiencing acute depressive symptoms within past 30 days that require treatment with an antidepressant.
  • Subjects with a significant risk of violent behavior; who represent a risk of committing suicide as indicated by any suicidal ideation within the last 1 month or any suicidal behaviors within the last year; or who present a serious risk of suicide.
  • Subjects with clinically significant tardive dyskinesia,.
  • Subjects with severe akathisia.
  • Subjects who have met DSM-IV-TR criteria for substance abuse with past 3 months prior to screening or dependence within past 6 months; including alcohol and benzodiazepines, but excluding caffeine and nicotine.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01663532

  Show 49 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.
H. Lundbeck A/S
Otsuka America Pharmaceutical
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01663532     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 31-12-291 
Study First Received: August 9, 2012
Results First Received: December 19, 2014
Last Updated: February 12, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Otsuka Pharmaceutical Development & Commercialization, Inc.:
Schizophrenia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
Mental Disorders
Aripiprazole
Antipsychotic Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Psychotropic Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 23, 2016