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Gastric cancer remains one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. There is difference between different countries in the world in the incidence and outcome. Also Italy on its inside shows a variability between regions and Lombardy hold the most incidence and mortality Italian rate, with the province of Cremona as one of the leading area with its gastric cancer mortality rate. (http://www.aslcremona.it/html/atlante/introduzione.htm). Tumor specialized registry can be viewed as one of the main strategies for studying and monitoring the impact of an important cancer diagnosis. In addition the information obtained from it can be translated into preventive measures and health surveillance that might lead to a better control of this tumor in a province with a so high mortality rate. Project purpose is to define the incidence of gastric cancer in the province of Cremona and the correlation with environmental, familiar, genetic and social factors; to adopt prevention strategies to reduce the impact of the disease and to create a gastric cancer bio-bank, including blood and tissue samples, for collaborative research projects regarding molecular and cellular aspects of gastric cancer.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
PATIENTS ELEGIBILY : Any patients age at GC cancer diagnosis was included. Male and female patients were either included. Healthy volunteers were not included. At the time of diagnosis of cancer patients must be a province of Cremona inhabitants (districts of Crema, Cremona or Casalmaggiore). Informed consent signature was required.
TUMOR ELEGIBLY: Diagnosis must be performed from 2010 Juanuary, the 1st to 2013 December, 31st .The diagnosis must be of a infiltrating malignant tumor. The diagnosis should be of a primary tumor. Precancerous diagnosis were not considered. Recidivate tumor were not considered. The site of localization of the tumor at diagnosis must be stomach or gastro - esophageal junction as site of tumor onset.
HDGC ELEGIBILY : Gastric cancer is a known manifestation of inherited cancer predisposition syndromes similar to hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer and Li-Fraumeni syndrome. According to the OMIM database, more than 90 per cent of gastric cancers are sporadic, whereas less than 10 per cent are hereditary (HDGC). Germline E-cadherin inactivating mutations in the CDH1 gene are responsible for the development of GC in approximately 30% of families with the hereditary diffuse gastric cancer syndrome (HDGC). Diagnostic criteria for HDGC are formulated by the International Gastric Cancer Linkage Consortium in 1999 and then they are reviewed in 2010. In order to individuate HDGC case and to included them in a specialist counselling and CDH-1 gene mutation evaluation, criteria by International GC Linkage Consortium 2010 guidelines were followed.