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Negative Pressure Therapy in Preventing Infection After Surgery in Patients With Colon, Rectal, Pancreatic, or Peritoneal Surface Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01656044
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 2, 2012
Last Update Posted : July 3, 2018
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Wake Forest University Health Sciences

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this research study is to evaluate if a negative-pressure dressing placed over a surgical incision can reduce the risk of developing a surgical site infection compared to a commonly-used sterile gauze incision dressing. In this study, the negative-pressure dressing will be compared to a standard post-surgical sterile gauze dressing. In this study patients will either receive a negative-pressure dressing or a standard sterile gauze dressing

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Colon Cancer Pancreatic Cancer Perioperative/Postoperative Complications Primary Peritoneal Cavity Cancer Rectal Cancer Procedure: wound care management Not Applicable

Detailed Description:


I. To determine whether negative pressure therapy applied to closed laparotomy incisions can decrease the incidence of incisional surgical site infections in patients undergoing clean-contaminated resections for colorectal, pancreatic, and peritoneal surface malignancies compared to standard post-operative sterile gauze dressings.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive standard sterile dressing (SSD) over their closed laparotomy incision at the conclusion of their surgery.

ARM II: Patients receive negative pressure therapy (NPT) dressing over their closed laparotomy incision at the conclusion of their surgery.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 30 days.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 375 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: The Effect of Negative Pressure Therapy on Incisional Surgical Site Infections
Study Start Date : June 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Arm I (SSD)
Patients receive SSD over their closed laparotomy incision at the conclusion of their surgery.
Procedure: wound care management
Receive SSD

Experimental: Arm II (NPT)
Patients receive NPT dressing over their closed laparotomy incision at the conclusion of their surgery.
Procedure: wound care management
Receive NPT

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of incisional surgical site infection (SSI), which includes superficial incisional SSIs and deep incisional SSIs as defined by the Center of Disease Control and Prevention [ Time Frame: 30 days ]
    Results will be analyzed initially using descriptive statistics. The proportion of SSI in the NPT group will be compared to the standard post-operative dressing group using a chi square test of proportions.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rates of organ/space SSIs, seromas, hematomas, incisional cellulitis, and wound opening for any reason [ Time Frame: 30 days ]
  2. The cost of NPT and SSD, as well as estimate additional costs associated with incisional SSIs in affected patients [ Time Frame: 30 days ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Surgical resection for a colorectal, pancreatic, or peritoneal surface malignancy
  • The scheduled procedure will be performed via midline laparotomy
  • The planned procedure is a clean-contaminated (class II) case (includes gastric, small bowel, and colorectal resections, as well as bile or pancreatic duct transections)
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document (either directly or via a legally authorized representative)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Emergent cases will not be included in the study
  • Pregnant patients will not be included in the study as pregnancy is a relative contraindication for these types of surgical procedures
  • Clean (class I), contaminated (class III) and dirty (class IV) procedures will likewise be excluded
  • Patients on chronic immunosuppressive medications, including steroids, within the past three months
  • Patients with a history of skin allergy to iodine or adhesive drapes
  • The planned procedure involves foreign material (such as mesh or subcutaneous drains) being left in the subcutaneous space at the time of surgery (for example, a ventral hernia repair); surgical drains that are placed to drain an intraabdominal space and exit the abdominal wall remote from the incision are allowed in the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01656044

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United States, North Carolina
Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest University
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States, 27157
Sponsors and Collaborators
Wake Forest University Health Sciences
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Perry Shen Wake Forest University Health Sciences

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Responsible Party: Wake Forest University Health Sciences Identifier: NCT01656044     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB00020105
NCI-2012-00624 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
CCCWFU 99212 ( Other Identifier: Wake Forest University Health Sciences )
First Posted: August 2, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 3, 2018
Last Verified: July 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pancreatic Neoplasms
Postoperative Complications
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Pathologic Processes