A Systems Level Intervention for Unemployed Persons With Social Anxiety Disorder
The goal of the proposed research is to design and develop a culturally appropriate, vocationally focused, sustainable, cognitive-behavioral intervention for unemployed, economically disadvantaged, urban-dwelling persons whose job attainment efforts have been undermined by the presence of social anxiety disorder.
Social Anxiety Disorder
Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Group
Other: Vocational Services as Usual
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Systems Level Intervention for Unemployed Persons With Social Anxiety|
- Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale [ Time Frame: April 2008 - March 2012 (4 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The primary symptom measure for assessing treatment outcome will be the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS: Liebowitz, 1987). It assesses fear and avoidance of several social interaction and performance situations.
- Employment Status [ Time Frame: April 2008 - March 2012 (4 years) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Reported number of paid work hours per week and the reported number of weeks working at least 35 hours per week (full-time) during the follow-up period.
|Study Start Date:||April 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||March 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Experimental: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Group||
Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Group
This is a cognitive behavioral therapy group designed for homeless, unemployed people utelizing vocational rehabilitation services. The group is administered on a bi-weekly basis for four weeks, totalling eight sessions.
Active Comparator: Vocational Services as Usual Control
Vocational services typically present in a comprehensive vocational service center.
|Other: Vocational Services as Usual|
The goal of the proposed research is to gather information from Jewish Vocational Service consumers and employees about the association between social anxiety disorder and unemployment. A recent nationally representative epidemiological study places the lifetime prevalence of DSM-IV SocAD at 12.1% (Kessler et al., 2005). Social anxiety disorder is associated with notable impairments in social functioning (Kessler, 2003; Stein and Kean, 2000). A large majority of people with social anxiety disorder report significant impairment in occupational functioning (Stein, et al., 2000; Turner et al., 1986). Specific impairments include turning down job offers and promotions (Stein, Torgrud, & Walker, 2000), reduced productivity and job performance (Wittchen, et al., 2000), lowered educational attainment & early school dropout (Stein & Kean, 2000), increased unemployment (Heimberg et al.,1990a), financial dependence (Scheier et al, 1992), and reduced income (Magee et al., 1996). Social anxiety disorder likely interferes with job attainment due to job interview avoidance, excessive anxious arousal during job interviews, and limited social networks to provide job leads. Our longitudinal study of mothers receiving welfare found that the diagnosis of social anxiety disorder was the strongest psychiatric predictor of reliance on welfare for support over time. We have also completed a study that identifies social anxiety disorder as the only psychiatric disorder that significantly interferes with attaining work among individuals who participated in an internationally tested, best-practice, vocational services intervention program. We have begun to screen individuals for the presence of social anxiety at Jewish Vocational Service in Detroit, Michigan, where the primary clientele are economically disadvantaged, African Americans who are seeking work. Our screening efforts confirm the association between suspected social anxiety disorder and unemployment in this population. This project will build upon these findings and will interview JVS consumers and employees to gain more insight and knowledge into the relationship between social anxiety disorder and unemployment. It will also inform future research on the design and development of a culturally appropriate, vocationally focused, sustainable, cognitive-behavioral intervention for unemployed, economically disadvantaged, urban-dwelling persons whose job attainment efforts have been undermined by the presence of social anxiety disorder.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01654510
|Principal Investigator:||Joseph Himle, PhD||University of Michigan|