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Alisertib in Treating Patients With Advanced or Metastatic Sarcoma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01653028
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 30, 2012
Results First Posted : December 28, 2016
Last Update Posted : November 30, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well alisertib works in treating patients with sarcoma that has spread to other places in the body and usually cannot be cured or controlled with treatment (advanced) or has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Alisertib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Myxofibrosarcoma Recurrent Adult Soft Tissue Sarcoma Recurrent Leiomyosarcoma Recurrent Liposarcoma Recurrent Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor Recurrent Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma Stage III Soft Tissue Sarcoma AJCC v7 Stage IV Soft Tissue Sarcoma AJCC v7 Drug: Alisertib Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. To determine the response rate (complete response [CR] + partial response [PR]) assessed for patients within each cohort: liposarcoma (cohort 1); leiomyosarcoma (non-uterine) (cohort 2); undifferentiated sarcoma (including pleomorphic undifferentiated sarcoma, formerly known as malignant fibrous histiocytoma, and myxofibrosarcoma) (cohort 3); malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (cohort 4); and other sarcomas (cohort 5).


I. To estimate the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) for patients treated with MLN8237 (alisertib) in each cohort.

II. To assess the adverse events associated with patients treated with MLN8237 in each cohort.


I. To correlate potential clinical benefit with markers of aurora kinase inhibition in pre- and post-treatment tumor biopsies.

II. To correlate clinical outcome with change in fluorine F 18 fluorothymidine (FLT)-positron emission tomography (PET) uptake at baseline versus after one week of treatment (ie, week 2 of cycle 1).


Patients receive alisertib orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days 1-7. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months for 18 months.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 72 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Study of MLN8237 in Advanced/Metastatic Sarcoma
Actual Study Start Date : August 22, 2012
Primary Completion Date : August 2, 2015

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (alisertib)
Patients receive alisertib PO BID on days 1-7. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Alisertib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Aurora A Kinase Inhibitor MLN8237
  • MLN-8237
  • MLN8237
Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The Primary Endpoint for This Trial Was the Percent of Confirmed Tumor Responses. Confirmed Tumor Response to Treatment Was Defined as a Complete or Partial Response(Per RECIST 1.1) on Two Consecutive Evaluations at Least 6 Weeks Apart. [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    The primary endpoint was estimated by the number of confirmed responses divided by the total number of evaluable patients per cohort. The study used a two stage Simon design to assess the primary endpoint. A confirmed tumor response rate of 5% was considered not promising; an observed confirmed response rate of 25% was considered promising. One confirmed response within the initial 9 patients enrolled within each cohort, expanded enrollment to 24 patients in that cohort. 3 out of 24 patients with confirmed tumor responses was considered evidence that this treatment could be recommended for further testing. This study design yielded 90% power to detect a true confirmed response rate of at least 25% at .10 level of significance if the true rate is at most 5%. There was a 63% chance of stopping early if the true confirmed response rate was 5%.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: The time between registration and death, assessed up to 18 months ]
    The distribution will be estimated by the methods of Kaplan and Meier. The estimates of survival at specific time points will be calculated (eg, median, 6 month survival).

  2. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: The time between registration to disease progression or death, assessed up to 18 months ]
    The distribution will be estimated by the methods of Kaplan and Meier. The estimates of PFS at specific time points will be calculated (eg, median, 1 year PFS).

  3. Adverse Events [ Time Frame: During treatment and up to 5 years ]
    Adverse Events: Incidence of adverse events, assessed using National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 4.0. Adverse events were collected every cycle during treatment and up to one month after treatment. Adverse events were summarized using summary statistics and frequency tables for each separate cohort. Per protocol, analysis was descriptive in nature. In this section, the number of patients that reported a grade 4 or higher event are summarized. A complete listing of Adverse Events is provided in the Adverse Events section below.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must have histologically or cytologically confirmed sarcoma that is metastatic and/or locally advanced or locally recurrent and unresectable; confirmation of pathologic diagnosis will be performed at the registering site; patients will been rolled on one of five cohorts of the study:

    • Cohort 1: liposarcoma
    • Cohort 2: leiomyosarcoma (non-uterine)
    • Cohort 3: undifferentiated sarcoma (including malignant fibrous histiocytoma and myxofibrosarcoma)
    • Cohort 4: malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor
    • Cohort 5: other sarcomas
  • Patients must have measurable disease per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors(RECIST) 1.1; note: defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for non-nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as >= 2 cm with conventional techniques or as >= 1 cm with spiral computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or calipers by clinical exam
  • Any number of prior therapies is permitted; note: the last dose of systemic therapy (including tyrosine kinase inhibitors) must have been given >= 4 weeks prior to initiation of study therapy; patients receiving BCNU or mitomycin C must have received their last dose of such therapy at least 6 weeks prior to initiation of therapy
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) =< 2
  • Leukocytes >= 3,000/mcL
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mcL
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal
  • Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]) and serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase (alanine aminotransferase [AST]) < 3 x institutional upper limit of normal if no liver metastases or < 5 x institutional upper limit of normal if liver metastases present
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN) OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation; should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately; men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 4 months after completion of MLN8237 administration
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • According to current guidelines, patients must be able to take oral medication and to maintain a fast as required for approximately one hour before and two hours after MLN8237 administration

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier; patients who have had radiation therapy to more than 25% of the bone marrow; whole pelvic radiation is considered to be over 25%
  • Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents
  • Patients with known brain metastases
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to MLN8237 including, but not limited to, established allergic reaction to benzodiazepines
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II-IV heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant women; note: women of child-bearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 7 days prior to registration; breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with MLN8237
  • Leiomyosarcoma of the uterus
  • Patients known to be human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive on antiretroviral therapy
  • Prior allogeneic bone marrow or organ transplantation
  • Known history of uncontrolled sleep apnea syndrome and other conditions that could result in excessive daytime sleepiness such as severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, requirement for supplemental oxygen, or any conditions that could result in excessive toxicity associated with the benzodiazepine-like effects of MLN8237
  • Requirement for constant administration of proton pump inhibitor, histamine-2 (H2) antagonist, or pancreatic enzymes; note: intermittent uses of antacids or H2 antagonists are allowed
  • Inability to swallow oral medication or to maintain a required fast for approximately one hour before and two hours after MLN8237 administration or any condition that would modify small bowel absorption of oral medications, including malabsorption or resection of pancreas or upper bowel
  • Treatment with clinically significant enzyme inducers, such as the enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs phenytoin, carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, primidone or phenobarbital, or rifampin, rifabutin, rifapentine, or St. John's wort within 14 days prior to the first dose of MLN8237 and during the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01653028

  Show 235 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Mark Dickson Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01653028     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-01991
NCI-2012-01991 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
A091102 ( Other Identifier: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology )
A091102 ( Other Identifier: CTEP )
U10CA180821 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
U10CA031946 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: July 30, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 28, 2016
Last Update Posted: November 30, 2017
Last Verified: November 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Nerve Sheath Neoplasms
Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue
Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Diseases
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms, Fibrous Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective Tissue