A Prospective Study of the Effect of Treatment of First Time Traumatic Shoulder Anterior Dislocation by Immobilization in External Rotation on the Incidence of Recurrent Dislocation
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01648335|
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified March 2013 by Hadassah Medical Organization.
Recruitment status was: Not yet recruiting
First Posted : July 24, 2012
Last Update Posted : March 22, 2013
Dislocation of the glenohumeral joint of the shoulder is a common orthopedic clinical problem. The majority of the dislocations are anterior (about 95%) while the rest are posterior and inferior. After reduction of the initial dislocation, the treatment's goal is to prevent recurrent dislocations. In spite of treatment, the recurrence rate is 80-90% in the population aged 18-29. There is an age-related decrease in the recurrence rate, with the only 2-3% for ages 60-70. It has been calculated that 1 in 200 soldiers in the Israeli Army between the ages of 17 and 33 suffers from recurrent shoulder dislocations .
The traditional treatment for primary (first-time) shoulder anterior dislocation has been immobilization of the shoulder in internal rotation in a soft dressing called universal shoulder immobilizer (USI) for 3-6 weeks. However, there is a lack of evidence-based information to demonstrate the effectiveness of this treatment. Posterior dislocations are immobilized in external rotation. Work presented previously in the Orthopaedic Research Society and more recently at the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons suggests that immobilization of the shoulder after reduction of anterior dislocation is best in external rotation and not in internal rotation. MRI studies have shown that the labral tear, which is the hallmark of most traumatic anterior dislocations, is best reduced to its anatomical position when the shoulder is immobilized in external and not in internal rotation. Preliminary data indicates that immobilization in external rotation of the primary traumatic shoulder dislocations may lower the incidence of reoccurrence.
The traditional shoulder immobilizer is a generic bandage produced by several companies. In the current study, the investigators will use a USI distributed by Uriel® company (Uriel #87), which can be modified to hold the shoulder in external rotation.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Dislocation of the Shoulder||Device: Immobilization of the shoulder in external rotation in a soft dressing called universal shoulder immobilizer (USI) Device: Immobilization of the shoulder in internal rotation in a soft dressing called universal shoulder immobilizer (USI)||Phase 2|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Study Completion Date :||July 2013|
|Active Comparator: immobilization of the shoulder in internal rotation||Device: Immobilization of the shoulder in internal rotation in a soft dressing called universal shoulder immobilizer (USI)|
|Experimental: Immobilization of the shoulder in external rotation||Device: Immobilization of the shoulder in external rotation in a soft dressing called universal shoulder immobilizer (USI)|
- • Number of recurrent dislocations within 6 months following the primary shoulder dislocation
- • Range of motion of the dislocated shoulder after 6 months
- Supine apprehensive test after 6 months