Short and Long Term Treatment With 4-AP in Ambulatory SMA Patients
The purpose of this study is to assess whether 4-AP (Ampyra) improves walking ability and endurance in adult patients with Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) Type 3 compared to placebo and whether the duration of treatment affects outcome.
Spinal Muscular Atrophy
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Columbia SMA Project: 4-AP as a Potential SMA Therapeutic Agent and Biological Mechanisms of Action|
- Six Minute Walk Test (6MWT) with Kinematic Evaluation of Gait [ Time Frame: Up to 21 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The primary outcome measure will be distance walked in the 6MWT. This measure is an objective evaluation of functional capacity which measures the distance a person can walk quickly in six minutes and is most representative of a person's ability because the test intensity is self-selected. The 6MWT can be safely performed in ambulatory SMA patients and correlates with standard SMA outcome measures including timed walking tests. In SMA, the 6MWT may be more sensitive to clinically meaningful changes in patients with type 3 SMA as it is a direct measure of their functional mobility.
- Hammersmith Functional Motor Scale, Expanded (HFMSE) [ Time Frame: Up to 21 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Assessments of motor function are clinically relevant and are a good adjunct to tests of walking ability. The HFMSE, a 33-item scale designed for SMA type 2 and 3 patients, and is associated with minimal patient burden requiring only standard equipment and is completed on average in less than 15 minutes. The HFMSE showed good test-retest reliability and is correlated with other clinical and physiological measures in SMA.
- Manual Muscle Testing (MMT)/Hand Held Dynamometer (HHD) [ Time Frame: Up to 21 Weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]MMT will involve pushing and pulling against the evaluators hand (MMT) and HHD will involve pushing or pulling as against a handheld measuring device. The purpose of these tests is to measure the strength in different muscles. The MMT involves testing fourteen muscle groups of the arm and leg on both sides of the body. The evaluator will alternate sides between tests. The measuring device will be used on 10 muscle groups on both sides of the body.
- Change in Motor Unit Number Estimation (MUNE)/Nerve Conduction Study (NCS) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 2 and Week 5 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Motor Unit Number Estimation (MUNE) is a noninvasive test that identifies the number of surviving motor units (motor nerve cells and the territory of muscle fibers they control) using electrical muscle stimulation and recording the response. The nerve conduction study involves the administration of modest electrical stimulations (pulsations or throbbing sensations from low level electricity) to a total of 4 nerves in your right arm and leg while recording the response over a muscle innervated by each nerve.
|Study Start Date:||June 2012|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||October 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||October 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: 4-aminopyridine (Ampyra)
10 mg/twice daily
10 mg/twice daily
Placebo Comparator: Sugar pill
Crossover study involving one trial with sugar pill (placebo)
Other Name: Sugar pill
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a genetically determined neuromuscular disorder that results in muscle weakness and impaired functional mobility. Fatigue is a common symptom in SMA with a resultant impact on physical function and quality of life however the precise mechanisms are unknown. At present there is no treatment for SMA. There is evidence that 4-AP improves function in SMA animal models. In patients with multiple sclerosis, 4-AP was found to improve walking ability and diminish fatigue. The purpose of the study is to determine whether treatment with 4-AP is associated with an increase in walking speed and endurance compared to placebo and whether the duration of treatment affects outcome. The study comprises a short term treatment trial in which participants are treated for 2 weeks with 4-AP and placebo in random sequence followed by a long treatment trial of 6 weeks in which patients are also treated with placebo and 4 AP. The primary outcome measure of the clinical study will be the six minute walk test (6MWT), which has been documented to be a valid and sensitive instrument to identify fatigue among ambulatory SMA patients. We will also assess the effect of 4-AP on muscle and nerve electrical function via electromyography (EMG) during the short term trial. Results of this study may provide support for larger clinical trials.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01645787
|United States, New York|
|Columbia University Medical Center|
|New York, New York, United States, 10032|
|Principal Investigator:||Claudia A. Chiriboga, MD, MPH||Columbia University|