Efficacy and Safety of Alirocumab (SAR236553/REGN727) Versus Placebo on Top of Lipid-Modifying Therapy in Patients With High Cardiovascular Risk and Hypercholesterolemia (ODYSSEY COMBO I)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Regeneron Pharmaceuticals
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sanofi
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01644175
First received: July 16, 2012
Last updated: October 7, 2015
Last verified: October 2015
  Purpose

Alirocumab (SAR236553/REGN727) is a fully human monoclonal antibody that binds proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9).

Primary Objective of the study:

  • To demonstrate the reduction of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) by alirocumab as add-on therapy to stable maximally tolerated daily statin therapy with or without other lipid-modifying therapy (LMT) in comparison with placebo after 24 weeks of treatment in high cardiovascular (CV) risk participants with hypercholesterolemia

Secondary Objectives:

  • To evaluate the effect of alirocumab in comparison with placebo on LDL-C at other time points
  • To evaluate the effect of alirocumab on other lipid parameters
  • To evaluate the safety and tolerability of alirocumab

Condition Intervention Phase
Hypercholesterolemia
Drug: Placebo (for alirocumab)
Drug: Alirocumab
Drug: Lipid-Modifying Therapy (LMT)
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel Group Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of SAR236553/REGN727 in High Cardiovascular Risk Patients With Hypercholesterolemia Not Adequately Controlled With Their Lipid-Modifying Therapy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Sanofi:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percent Change From Baseline in Calculated LDL-C at Week 24 - Intent-to-Treat (ITT) Analysis [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted Least-squares (LS) means and standard errors at Week 24 were obtained from a mixed-effect model with repeated measures (MMRM) to account for missing data. All available post-baseline data from Week 4 to Week 52 regardless of status on- or off-treatment were used in the model (ITT analysis).


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percent Change From Baseline in Calculated LDL-C at Week 24 - On-Treatment Analysis [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted LS means and standard errors at Week 24 were obtained from MMRM model including available post-baseline on-treatment data from Week 4 to Week 52 (i.e. up to 21 days after last injection) (on-treatment analysis).

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Calculated LDL-C at Week 12 - ITT Analysis [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted LS means and standard errors at Week 12 from MMRM model including all available post-baseline data from Week 4 to Week 52 regardless of status on- or off-treatment.

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Calculated LDL-C at Week 12 - On-Treatment Analysis [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted LS means and standard errors at Week 12 from MMRM model including available post-baseline on-treatment data from Week 4 to Week 52 (i.e. up to 21 days after last injection).

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Apolipoprotein (Apo) B at Week 24 - ITT Analysis [ Time Frame: From baseline to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted LS means and standard errors at Week 24 from MMRM model including all available post-baseline data from Week 4 to Week 52 regardless of status on- or off-treatment.

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Apo B at Week 24 - On-treatment Analysis [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted LS means and standard errors at Week 24 from MMRM model including available post-baseline on-treatment data from Week 4 to Week 52 (i.e. up to 21 days after last injection).

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Non-High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (Non-HDL-C) at Week 24 - ITT Analysis [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted LS means and standard errors at Week 24 from MMRM model including all available post-baseline data from Week 4 to Week 52 regardless of status on- or off-treatment.

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Non-HDL-C at Week 24 - On-treatment Analysis [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted LS means and standard errors at Week 24 from MMRM model including available post-baseline on-treatment data from Week 4 to Week 52 (i.e. up to 21 days after last injection).

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Total Cholesterol (Total-C) at Week 24 - ITT Analysis [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted LS means and standard errors at Week 24 from MMRM model including all available post-baseline data from Week 4 to Week 52 regardless of status on- or off-treatment.

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Apo B at Week 12 - ITT Analysis [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted LS means and standard errors at Week 12 from MMRM model including all available post-baseline data from Week 4 to Week 52 regardless of status on- or off-treatment.

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Non-HDL-C at Week 12 - ITT Analysis [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted LS means and standard errors at Week 12 from MMRM model including all available post-baseline data from Week 4 to Week 52 regardless of status on- or off-treatment.

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Total-C at Week 12 - ITT Analysis [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted LS means and standard errors at Week 12 from MMRM model including all available post-baseline data from Week 4 to Week 52 regardless of status on- or off-treatment.

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Calculated LDL-C at Week 52 - ITT Analysis [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted LS means and standard errors at Week 52 from MMRM model including all available post-baseline data from Week 4 to Week 52 regardless of status on- or off-treatment.

  • Percentage of Participants Reaching Calculated LDL-C <70 mg/dL (1.81 mmol/L) at Week 24 - ITT Analysis [ Time Frame: Up to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted percentages at Week 24 were obtained from multiple imputation approach model for handling of missing data. All available post-baseline data from Week 4 to Week 52 regardless of status on- or off-treatment were included in the imputation model.

  • Percentage of Participants Reaching Calculated LDL-C <70 mg/dL (1.81 mmol/L) at Week 24 - On-treatment Analysis [ Time Frame: Up to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted percentages at Week 24 from multiple imputation approach model including available post-baseline on-treatment data from Week 4 to Week 52 i.e. up to 21 days after last injection.

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Lipoprotein(a) at Week 24 - ITT Analysis [ Time Frame: From baseline to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted means and standard errors at Week 24 were obtained from multiple imputation approach followed by robust regression model for handling of missing data. All available post-baseline data from Week 4 to Week 52 regardless of status on- or off-treatment were included in the imputation model.

  • Percent Change From Baseline in HDL-C at Week 24 - ITT Analysis [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted LS means and standard errors at Week 24 from MMRM model including all available post-baseline data from Week 4 to Week 52 regardless of status on- or off-treatment.

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Fasting Triglycerides at Week 24 - ITT Analysis [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted means and standard errors at Week 24 from multiple imputation approach followed be robust regression model including all available post-baseline data from Week 4 to Week 52 regardless of status on- or off-treatment.

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Apolipoprotein A-1 at Week 24 - ITT Analysis [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted LS means and standard errors at Week 24 from MMRM model including all available post-baseline data from Week 4 to Week 52 regardless of status on- or off-treatment.

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Lipoprotein(a) at Week 12- ITT Analysis [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted means and standard errors at Week 12 from multiple imputation approach followed by robust regression model including all available post-baseline data from Week 4 to Week 52 regardless of status on- or off-treatment.

  • Percent Change From Baseline in HDL-C at Week 12 - ITT Analysis [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted LS means and standard errors at Week 12 from MMRM model including all available post-baseline data from Week 4 to Week 52 regardless of status on- or off-treatment.

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Fasting Triglycerides at Week 12 - ITT Analysis [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted means and standard errors at Week 12 from multiple imputation approach followed by a robust regression model including all available post-baseline data from Week 4 to Week 52 regardless of status on- or off-treatment.

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Apo A-1 at Week 12 - ITT Analysis [ Time Frame: From Baseline to Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Adjusted LS means and standard errors at Week 12 from MMRM model including all available post-baseline data from Week 4 to Week 52 regardless of status on- or off-treatment.


Enrollment: 316
Study Start Date: July 2012
Study Completion Date: April 2014
Primary Completion Date: April 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Q2W
Placebo (for alirocumab) every 2 weeks (Q2W) added to stable Lipid-Modifying Therapy (LMT) for 52 weeks.
Drug: Placebo (for alirocumab)
Solution for injection, one subcutaneous injection in the abdomen, thigh, or outer area of upper arm with a disposable auto-injector (also known as pre-filled pen).
Drug: Lipid-Modifying Therapy (LMT)
Statin (rosuvastatin, simvastatin or atorvastatin) at stable dose with or without other LMT as clinically indicated.
Experimental: Alirocumab
Alirocumab 75 mg Q2W added to stable LMT for 52 weeks. Alirocumab dose up-titrated to 150 mg from Week 12 when LDL-C levels ≥70 mg/dL (1.81 mmol/L) at Week 8.
Drug: Alirocumab
Solution for injection, one subcutaneous injection in the abdomen, thigh, or outer area of upper arm with a disposable auto-injector (also known as pre-filled pen).
Other Names:
  • SAR236553
  • REGN727
Drug: Lipid-Modifying Therapy (LMT)
Statin (rosuvastatin, simvastatin or atorvastatin) at stable dose with or without other LMT as clinically indicated.

Detailed Description:
The maximum study duration was 62 weeks per participant, including a 2-week screening period, 52-week randomized treatment period, and 8-week follow-up period.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion criteria:

  • Participants with hypercholesterolemia and established coronary heart disease (CHD) or CHD risk equivalents who were not adequately controlled with a maximally tolerated daily dose of statin with or without other LMT, both at stable dose for at least 4 weeks to 6 weeks prior to screening (Week -2)

Exclusion criteria:

  • Age <18 or legal age of adulthood, whichever was greater
  • Participants without established CHD or CHD risk equivalent
  • LDL-C <70 mg/dL (<1.81 mmol/L) and participants with a history of documented cardiovascular disease
  • LDL-C <100 mg/dL (<2.59 mmol/L) and participants without a history of documented cardiovascular disease
  • Not on a stable dose of LMT (including statin) for at least 4 weeks and/or fenofibrate for at least 6 weeks, as applicable, prior to the screening visit (Week -2) and from screening to randomization
  • Fasting serum triglycerides > 400 mg/dL (>4.52 mmol/L)

The above information is not intended to contain all considerations relevant to a participant's potential participation in a clinical trial.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01644175

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Sanofi
Regeneron Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
Study Director: Clinical Sciences & Operations Sanofi