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Genotype-guided Dosing of mFOLFIRINOX Chemotherapy in Patients With Previously Untreated Advanced Gastrointestinal Malignancies

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01643499
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 18, 2012
Last Update Posted : May 8, 2020
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Chicago

Brief Summary:
This study is being done to determine the dose of a chemotherapy drug (irinotecan [irinotecan hydrochloride]) that can be tolerated as part of a combination of drugs. There is a combination of chemotherapy drugs often used to treat gastrointestinal cancer, which consists of 5-FU (fluorouracil), leucovorin (leucovorin calcium), irinotecan and oxaliplatin and is known as "FOLFIRINOX". FOLFIRINOX is a current drug therapy combination (or regimen) used for people with advanced pancreatic cancer, although this combination is not Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved for this indication. FOLFIRINOX was recently shown in a separate clinical trial to increase survival compared to another commonly used drug in pancreatic cancer called gemcitabine. FOLFIRINOX is also a reasonable regimen for those with other advanced cancers of the gastrointestinal tract, including colon cancer, rectal cancer, esophagus cancer, stomach cancer, gall bladder cancer, bile duct cancer, ampullary cancer, and cancers with an unknown primary location. The best dose of irinotecan to use in FOLFIRINOX is not known. This study will analyze one gene (uridine 5'-diphospho [UDP] glucuronosyltransferase 1 family, polypeptide A1 [UGT1A1] gene) of subjects for the presence of an alteration in that gene, which may affect how the body handles irinotecan. Genes help determine some of the investigators individual characteristics, such as eye color, height and skin tone. Genes may also determine why people get certain diseases and how medicines may affect them. The result of the genetic analysis will divide subjects into one of three groups: A, B, or C. Group A (approximately 45% of subjects) will receive the standard dose of irinotecan. Group B (approximately 45% of subjects) will receive a lower dose of irinotecan. Group C (approximately 10% of subjects) will receive an even lower dose of irinotecan

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acinar Cell Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas Adenocarcinoma of the Gallbladder Adenocarcinoma of Unknown Primary Adult Primary Cholangiocellular Carcinoma Advanced Adult Primary Liver Cancer Cholangiocarcinoma of the Extrahepatic Bile Duct Cholangiocarcinoma of the Gallbladder Diffuse Adenocarcinoma of the Stomach Duct Cell Adenocarcinoma of the Pancreas Intestinal Adenocarcinoma of the Stomach Localized Unresectable Adult Primary Liver Cancer Metastatic Carcinoma of Unknown Primary Metastatic Extrahepatic Bile Duct Cancer Mixed Adenocarcinoma of the Stomach Mucinous Adenocarcinoma of the Colon Mucinous Adenocarcinoma of the Rectum Newly Diagnosed Carcinoma of Unknown Primary Signet Ring Adenocarcinoma of the Colon Signet Ring Adenocarcinoma of the Rectum Stage III Pancreatic Cancer Stage IIIA Colon Cancer Stage IIIA Gallbladder Cancer Stage IIIA Gastric Cancer Stage IIIA Rectal Cancer Stage IIIB Colon Cancer Stage IIIB Gallbladder Cancer Stage IIIB Gastric Cancer Stage IIIB Rectal Cancer Stage IIIC Colon Cancer Stage IIIC Gastric Cancer Stage IIIC Rectal Cancer Stage IV Gastric Cancer Stage IV Pancreatic Cancer Stage IVA Colon Cancer Stage IVA Gallbladder Cancer Stage IVA Rectal Cancer Stage IVB Colon Cancer Stage IVB Gallbladder Cancer Stage IVB Rectal Cancer Unresectable Extrahepatic Bile Duct Cancer Drug: oxaliplatin Drug: irinotecan hydrochloride Drug: leucovorin calcium Drug: fluorouracil Other: laboratory biomarker analysis Phase 1

Detailed Description:


I. To determine the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) rate in cycle #1 in each of two UGT1A1 genotype groups (*1*1, *1*28) using genotype-guided dosing of irinotecan as part of the modified (m) FOLFIRINOX regimen.


I. To determine the cumulative dose intensity of irinotecan achieved in each genotype group.

II. To determine the response rates by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) (version 1.1) for each different disease (pancreatic cancer, biliary cancers, gastric cancer, colorectal cancer, adenocarcinoma of unknown primary) treated in the study.


Patients receive oxaliplatin intravenously (IV) over 2 hours, irinotecan hydrochloride IV over 1.5 hours, leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours, and fluorouracil IV continuously over 46 hours on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 79 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Genotype-guided Dosing Study of mFOLFIRINOX in Previously Untreated Patients With Advanced Gastrointestinal Malignancies
Actual Study Start Date : March 26, 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 28, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (mFOLFIRINOX)
Patients receive oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on, irinotecan hydrochloride IV over 1.5 hours, leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours, and fluorouracil IV continuously over 46 hours on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: oxaliplatin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 1-OHP
  • Dacotin
  • Dacplat
  • Eloxatin
  • L-OHP

Drug: irinotecan hydrochloride
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Campto
  • Camptosar
  • CPT-11
  • irinotecan
  • U-101440E

Drug: leucovorin calcium
Given IV
Other Names:
  • CF
  • CFR
  • LV

Drug: fluorouracil
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 5-fluorouracil
  • 5-Fluracil
  • 5-FU

Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. DLT rate in course 1 for each of the two most common genotype groups (*1*1 and *1*28) [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    To show that the DLT rate is less than 33% with at least 70-80% confidence, which is comparable to the standard 3+3 phase I design with 0 out of 3 or 1 out of 6 patients experiencing a DLT.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Response rates (by RECIST 1.1) for patients with each different type of gastrointestinal malignancy [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]
  2. Cumulative dose intensity of irinotecan hydrochloride [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma, colorectal adenocarcinoma, gastric adenocarcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, gall bladder adenocarcinoma, ampullary carcinoma, adenocarcinoma of unclear primary (with a gastrointestinal primary suspected), or other primary gastrointestinal malignancy for which the treating physician feels that mFOLFIRINOX is a reasonable therapeutic option.
  • Amendment (January 2014): only subjects with the following histologies will be eligible

Cohort # 1 (pancreatic cohort): locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma (19 subjects evaluable for the primary endpoint after the amendment)

Cohort #2 (biliary tract cohort): locally advanced or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma, gall bladder adenocarcinoma, or ampullary carcinoma (19 subjects evaluable for the primary endpoint after the amendment). Patients with adenocarcinoma of unclear primary that are most likely of biliary tract origin (in the opinion of the treating physician) will also be allowed on this cohort.

  • Patients with a history of obstructive jaundice due to the primary tumor must have a metal biliary stent in place,
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 1,
  • Life expectancy > 3 months,
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= l500/ul,
  • Hemoglobin >= 9g/dL,
  • Platelets >= 100,000/ ul,
  • Total bilirubin < 1.5 x upper limit of normal,
  • Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) and serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase (SGPT) < 2.5 x upper limit of normal for patients without liver metastases OR SGOT and SGPT < 5 x upper limit of normal for patients with liver metastases,
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 x upper limit of normal,
  • Measurable or non-measurable disease will be allowed,
  • Women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation, up until 30 days after final study treatment; should a woman become pregnant or suspect that she is pregnant while participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately,
  • Patients taking substrates, inhibitors, or inducers of Cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) should be encouraged to switch to alternative drugs whenever possible, given the potential for drug-drug interactions with irinotecan
  • Signed informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior chemotherapy or radiation therapy for any cancer,
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis),
  • Diarrhea, grade 1 or greater by the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE, v. 4.0); pancreatic cancer patients with clinical evidence of pancreatic insufficiency must be taking pancreatic enzyme replacement,
  • Neuropathy, grade 2 or greater by NCI-CTCAE, v. 4.0,
  • Documented brain metastases,
  • Serious underlying medical or psychiatric illnesses that would, in the opinion of the treating physician, substantially increase the risk for complications related to treatment,
  • Active uncontrolled bleeding,
  • Pregnancy or breastfeeding,
  • Major surgery within 4 weeks,
  • Previous or concurrent malignancy, except for adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, or any other cancer for which the patient has been previously treated and the lifetime recurrence risk is less than 30%,
  • Patients with any polymorphism in UGT1A1 other than *1 or *28.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01643499

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United States, Illinois
University of Chicago Comprehensive Cancer Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637-1470
Evanston CCOP-NorthShore University HealthSystem
Evanston, Illinois, United States, 60201
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Chicago
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Hedy Kindler University of Chicago Comprehensive Cancer Center
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Responsible Party: University of Chicago Identifier: NCT01643499    
Other Study ID Numbers: 12-0033
NCI-2012-00585 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
First Posted: July 18, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 8, 2020
Last Verified: May 2020
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pancreatic Neoplasms
Stomach Neoplasms
Rectal Neoplasms
Colonic Neoplasms
Liver Neoplasms
Gallbladder Neoplasms
Bile Duct Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Unknown Primary
Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous
Carcinoma, Acinar Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Stomach Diseases
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases