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The Effect of Washback on Reading Comprehension

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01642316
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : July 17, 2012
Last Update Posted : July 24, 2012
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
nazila zarghi, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences

Brief Summary:
Testing and teaching are completely interrelated in education process; using various kinds of tests teachers are able to anticipate about the strong and weak points of learning in students, their progress and their accomplishment. The influence a test on teaching and learning is commonly referred to as washback. Testing washback is a twisted concept that becomes even more complex under a various interpretations of the washback phenomenon on teaching and learning. This study aimed to describe washback behaviors of students, in the low stakes testing in an ESP environment in two-fold. First, the study investigated the effects of different formative tests on Iranian medical students' English reading comprehension achievement. Secondly, the study explores the effects of washback on the students' attitudes toward English reading comprehension. The pre- and post-tests and one questionnaire were used to collect the data from Iranian medical students. Data were analyzed by paired t-test, t-test, and Mann-Whitney U test.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Reading Comprehension Other: washback Other: routin intervention Phase 2 Phase 3

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 130 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Study Start Date : October 2008
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2009
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2009

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: washback
students received 8 specific related formative test for that lesson plus a pre-test and post-test, Michigan English language proficiency test
Other: washback
students received 8 specific related formative test for that lesson. plus a pre-test and post-test, Michigan English language proficiency test
control
students only received two tests, Michigan test of English language proficiency as pre-test and post-test.
Other: routin intervention
students only received two tests, Michigan test of English language proficiency as pre-test and post-test.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. improving reading comprehension [ Time Frame: up to one year ]
    improving reading comprehension scored by Michigan Test of English Proficiency



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 22 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • nursing students
  • study at mums

Exclusion Criteria:

  • other disciplines
  • study at other universities

Responsible Party: nazila zarghi, faculty member, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01642316     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: reading comprehension
First Posted: July 17, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 24, 2012
Last Verified: October 2008

Keywords provided by nazila zarghi, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences:
washback, reading comprehension