An Observational Study of MabThera/Rituxan (Rituximab) in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis and an Inadequate Response or Intolerance to One Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor (Anti-TNF) Agent

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Hoffmann-La Roche
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01641952
First received: July 13, 2012
Last updated: July 7, 2016
Last verified: July 2016
  Purpose
This observational, prospective, multicenter study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of MabThera/Rituxan in participants with active rheumatoid arthritis and an inadequate response or intolerance to one anti-TNF therapy. Participants who receive MabThera/Rituxan according to the current standard and in line with the summary of product characteristics at a dose of 1000 milligram (mg) intravenously on Days 1 and 15 will be followed for 20 weeks.

Condition Intervention
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Drug: Rituximab

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Non-interventional, Prospective, Multicenter Study to Assess Efficacy and Safety of MabtheRA (Rituximab) in Patients With Active Rheumatoid Arthritis Who Have Had an Inadequate Response or Intolerance to One Anti-TNF Agent - FAST 2 SWITCH Program

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Hoffmann-La Roche:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participant With Good or Moderate Response According to European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Response Criteria [ Time Frame: Week 20 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The DAS28 score is a measure of the participant's disease activity. It is based on the tender joint count (28 joints), swollen joint count (28 joints), patient's global assessment of disease activity [visual analog scale: 0=no disease activity to 100=maximum disease activity], and ESR. DAS28 total scores range from 0 to 10. DAS28 <=3.2 indicates low disease activity, DAS28 >3.2 to 5.1 indicates moderate to high disease activity. A negative change from Baseline indicates improvement. The DAS28-based EULAR response criteria were used to measure individual response as none, good, and moderate, depending on the extent of change from baseline (CFB) and the level of disease activity reached. Good response: DAS28 <=3.2 and a CFB >1.2. Moderate response: DAS28 <=3.2 and CFB >0.6 to <=1.2, DAS28 >3.2 to <=5.1 and CFB >1.2 or >0.6 to <=1.2, DAS28 >5.1 and CFB >1.2. No response: DAS28 <=3.2 and CFB >=0.6, DAS28 >3.2 to <=5.1 and CFB <=0.6, DAS28 >5.1 and CFB >0.6 to <=1.2 or <=0.6.

  • Change From Baseline in DAS28-ESR at Week 20 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 20 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    DAS28 was calculated from SJC and TJC using an assessment of 28 joints, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) (milliliter per hour [ml/hr]), and Patient's Global Assessment (PGH) of disease activity [measured on a 0 to 100 millimeter (mm) Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) where 0=no disease activity and 100=worst disease activity]. DAS28 was calculated using the following formula: DAS28 = 0.56*square root (sqrt) (TJC28) + 0.28*sqrt(SJC28) + 0.70*natural logarithm (ln) (ESR) + 0.014*PGH of disease activity. Total score range: 0-10, with a higher score indicated more disease activity. DAS28 <=3.2 implied low disease activity, DAS >3.2 to 5.1 implied moderate disease activity and DAS >5.1 implied high disease activity, and DAS28 <2.6 = clinical remission.

  • Mean DAS28-ESR Score at Visit 4 (Week 20) [ Time Frame: Week 20 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    DAS28 was calculated from SJC and TJC using an assessment of 28 joints, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) (milliliter per hour [ml/hr]), and Patient's Global Assessment (PGH) of disease activity (measured on a 0 to 100 mm Visual Analogue Scale [VAS] where 0=no disease activity and 100=worst disease activity). DAS28 was calculated using the following formula: DAS28 = 0.56*square root (sqrt) (TJC28) + 0.28*sqrt(SJC28) + 0.70*natural logarithm (ln) (ESR) + 0.014*PGH of disease activity. Total score range: 0-10, with a higher score indicated more disease activity. DAS28 <=3.2 implied low disease activity, DAS >3.2 to 5.1 implied moderate disease activity and DAS >5.1 implied high disease activity, and DAS28 <2.6 = clinical remission.

  • Percentage of Participants With Change in DAS28-ESR of Greater Than or Equal (>=) 1.2 After First Course of Treatment [ Time Frame: Week 20 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    DAS28 was calculated from SJC and TJC using an assessment of 28 joints, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) (milliliter per hour [ml/hr]), and Patient's Global Assessment (PGH) of disease activity (measured on a 0 to 100 mm Visual Analogue Scale [VAS] where 0=no disease activity and 100=worst disease activity). DAS28 was calculated using the following formula: DAS28 = 0.56*square root (sqrt) (TJC28) + 0.28*sqrt(SJC28) + 0.70*natural logarithm (ln) (ESR) + 0.014*PGH of disease activity. Total score range: 0-10, with a higher score indicated more disease activity. DAS28 <=3.2 implied low disease activity, DAS >3.2 to 5.1 implied moderate disease activity and DAS >5.1 implied high disease activity, and DAS28 <2.6 = clinical remission.

  • Percentage of Participants With EULAR Response [ Time Frame: Week 20 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The DAS28 score is a measure of the participant's disease activity. It is based on the tender joint count (28 joints), swollen joint count (28 joints), patient's global assessment of disease activity [visual analog scale: 0=no disease activity to 100=maximum disease activity], and ESR. DAS28 total scores range from 0 to 10. DAS28 <=3.2 indicates low disease activity, DAS28 >3.2 to 5.1 indicates moderate to high disease activity. A negative CFB indicates improvement. The DAS28-based EULAR response criteria were used to measure individual response as none, good, and moderate, depending on the extent of CFB and the level of disease activity reached. Good response: DAS28 <=3.2 and a CFB >1.2. Moderate response: DAS28 <=3.2 and CFB >0.6 to <=1.2, DAS28 >3.2 to <=5.1 and CFB >1.2 or >0.6 to <=1.2, DAS28 >5.1 and CFB >1.2. No response: DAS28 <=3.2 and CFB >=0.6, DAS28 >3.2 to <=5.1 and CFB <=0.6, DAS28 >5.1 and CFB >0.6 to <=1.2 or <=0.6.

  • Percentage of Participants With EULAR Response in Subgroup of Participants Who Had Been Treated With Anti-TNF Previously [ Time Frame: Week 20 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The DAS28 score is a measure of the participant's disease activity. It is based on the tender joint count (28 joints), swollen joint count (28 joints), patient's global assessment of disease activity [visual analog scale: 0=no disease activity to 100=maximum disease activity], and ESR. DAS28 total scores range from 0 to 10. DAS28 <=3.2 indicates low disease activity, DAS28 >3.2 to 5.1 indicates moderate to high disease activity. A negative CFB indicates improvement. The DAS28-based EULAR response criteria were used to measure individual response as none, good, and moderate, depending on the extent of CFB and the level of disease activity reached. Good response: DAS28 <=3.2 and a CFB >1.2. Moderate response: DAS28 <=3.2 and CFB >0.6 to <=1.2, DAS28 >3.2 to <=5.1 and CFB >1.2 or >0.6 to <=1.2, DAS28 >5.1 and CFB >1.2. No response: DAS28 <=3.2 and CFB >=0.6, DAS28 >3.2 to <=5.1 and CFB <=0.6, DAS28 >5.1 and CFB >0.6 to <=1.2 or <=0.6.

  • Percentage of Participants With Remission (DAS28 <2.6) and Low Disease Activity Following Each Treatment Course [ Time Frame: Week 20 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    DAS28 was calculated from SJC and TJC using an assessment of 28 joints, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) (milliliter per hour [ml/hr]), and Patient's Global Assessment (PGH) of disease activity (measured on a 0 to 100 mm Visual Analogue Scale [VAS] where 0=no disease activity and 100=worst disease activity). DAS28 was calculated using the following formula: DAS28 = 0.56*square root (sqrt) (TJC28) + 0.28*sqrt(SJC28) + 0.70*natural logarithm (ln) (ESR) + 0.014*PGH of disease activity. Total score range: 0-10, with a higher score indicated more disease activity. DAS28 <=3.2 implied low disease activity, DAS >3.2 to 5.1 implied moderate disease activity and DAS >5.1 implied high disease activity, and DAS28 <2.6 = clinical remission.

  • Number of Participants With Remission (DAS28 <2.6) and Low Disease Activity Following Each Treatment Course for Subgroup of Participants Who Had Been Treated With Etanercept or Adalimumab or Infliximab Before Rituximab [ Time Frame: Week 20 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The DAS28 score is a measure of the participant's disease activity. It is based on the tender joint count (28 joints), swollen joint count (28 joints), patient's global assessment of disease activity [visual analog scale: 0=no disease activity to 100=maximum disease activity], and ESR. DAS28 total scores range from 0 to 10. DAS28 <=3.2 indicates low disease activity, DAS28 >3.2 to 5.1 indicates moderate to high disease activity. A negative change from Baseline (CFB) indicates improvement. The DAS28-based EULAR response criteria were used to measure individual response as none, good, and moderate, depending on the extent of CFB and the level of disease activity reached. Good response: DAS28 <=3.2 and a CFB >1.2. Moderate response: DAS28 <=3.2 and CFB >0.6 to <=1.2, DAS28 >3.2 to <=5.1 and CFB >1.2 or >0.6 to <=1.2, DAS28 >5.1 and CFB >1.2. No response: DAS28 <=3.2 and CFB >=0.6, DAS28 >3.2 to <=5.1 and CFB <=0.6, DAS28 >5.1 and CFB >0.6 to <=1.2 or <=0.6.

  • Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AE) [ Time Frame: Up to 39 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    An AE was defined as any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) Score at Week 20 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 20 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    HAQ is a self-completed patient questionnaire specific for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It consists of 20 questions referring to 8 domains: dressing/grooming, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reach, grip; common daily activities. Each domain has at least 2 component questions. There are 4 possible responses for each component 0=without any difficulty 1=with some difficulty 2=with much difficulty 3=unable to do. Calculate HAQ the patient must have a domain score for at least 6 of 8 domains. The HAQ is the sum of the scores, divided by the number of domains that have a score (in range 6-8) for a total possible score minimum/maximum 0 (best) to 3 (worst). A negative change from baseline indicated improvement.


Enrollment: 505
Study Start Date: October 2011
Study Completion Date: January 2015
Primary Completion Date: January 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts Assigned Interventions
Rituximab
Participants who had an inadequate response or intolerance to one anti- tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) agent received rituximab (Mabthera) at a dose determined by the investigator, guided by the recommendation in the Summary of Product Characteristics.
Drug: Rituximab
Rituximab at a dose determined by the investigator, guided by the recommendation in the Summary of Product Characteristics.
Other Name: Mabthera

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Participants with active rheumatoid arthritis and an inadequate response or intolerant to one prior anti-TFN therapy initiated on treatment with MabThera/Rituxan
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Adult participants, >/= 18 years of age
  • Participants with rheumatoid arthritis, eligible for treatment with MabThera/Rituxan in accordance with summary of product characteristics (SPC)
  • Inadequate response to a single TNF inhibitor defined as change in disease activity score-28 erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR) <1.2 or DAS28-ESR >3.5 at 5 months after first course of anti-TNF therapy
  • Participants with a clinical and biological evaluation performed within 12 weeks prior to enrollment may be included

Exclusion Criteria:

  • More than one previous anti-TNF therapies
  • Any other biological therapy apart from the one anti-TNF therapy
  • Hypersensitivity to rituximab or any of the excipients or to murine proteins
  • Active severe infections
  • Participants in a severely immunocompromised state
  • Severe heart failure [New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class IV] or severe, uncontrolled cardiac disease
  • Women of childbearing potential not willing to use contraception
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women
  • Participation in another trial
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01641952

Locations
Romania
Bucuresti, Romania, 020983
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hoffmann-La Roche
Investigators
Study Director: Clinical Trials Hoffmann-La Roche
  More Information

Responsible Party: Hoffmann-La Roche
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01641952     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ML27953 
Study First Received: July 13, 2012
Results First Received: July 7, 2016
Last Updated: July 7, 2016
Health Authority: Romania: Romanian National Medicine and Medical Devices Agency

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Arthritis
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Rituximab
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 23, 2016