Impact of Health Education on School Children
There is a sever lack in application of health education intervention for Soil Transmitted Disease (STH) in rural communities and in school children among Orang Asli in Pahang in Malaysia, and also there is a lack of information on the effect of different health education aspects on STH control in Malaysia, so the investigators think that introducing such new national educational package and for the first time in Malaysian's school will help children to make some behavior changes specially for the school children aiming to use these children as an educator agents to their families and preschool brothers and sisters, to build a base for this issue and to reduce STH intensity in these rural areas, which in turn will determine the best approach to health education intervention to be applied to other rural areas in Malaysia.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||The Impact of Health Education in Controlling Soil-transmitted Helminthiasis Among Orang Asli Schoolchildren|
- 1- The prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among the Orang Asli children living in the rural areas of Pahang and Selangor will be determined. [ Time Frame: 1-2 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]An open-label clinical trial will be carried out to investigate the impact of health package in controlling Soil Transmitted Disease (STH) infections among Orang Asli children in rural areas of Pahang and Selangor, Malaysia. After baseline screening for the eligibility of the children, all children will be screened for STH infections.
|Study Start Date:||July 2012|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Health Education
Deworming will be conducted in both schools. A health education package will be introduced to schoolchildren in the intervention school (School A) only. Both schools will be followed up for 6 months.
Other: Health Education package
Health Education package that covers key health messages about the proper personal hygiene practices will be given to school children in the intervention school. The package consisted of many items such as posters, comic book, song video, competitions, drawing activities, puppet show, etc.
No Intervention: Control
Schoolchildren in school B will serve as a control group. No intervention (Health education package) will be given after complete deworming at baseline.
The World Health Organization established that infections with STH among school¬children cause malnutrition, intellectual retardation and cognitive and educational deficits.
Although school-based intervention specifically the deworming antihelminths drugs programme were introduced into school but still Orang Asli villages in Malaysia having a high intensity and higher prevalence rate for STH, therefore the objective of this article was to review other intervention means mainly the health education intervention into school children and rural community, where most of these studies concluded that health education intervention was successful in increasing knowledge and changing some of practices among people and children which in turn decreases the prevalence and intensity of the STH. Also we think applying such intervention in Malaysia would be a benefit to change knowledge and attitude towards STH, and it will be the first research study to be applied in this field.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01640626
|National school of Pos Betau & NAtional school of Kuala Koyan|
|Kuala Lipis, Pahang, Malaysia|
|Principal Investigator:||Ahmed K. Al-Delaimy, MSc||University of Malaya|
|Study Chair:||Hesham M Al-Mekhlafi, PhD||University of Malaya|