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Multi-modal Neuroimaging in Alzheimer's Disease (IMAP+)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01638949
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 12, 2012
Last Update Posted : April 9, 2014
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital, Caen

Brief Summary:
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a major public health problem due to its socio-economic weight. An early diagnosis of AD is urgently needed as it would constitute a determinant breakthrough from a social, financial and research standpoints. Therefore, the investigators need predictive markers of AD, and neuroimaging is a particularly promising tool, especially when using complementary neuroimaging techniques and a longitudinal design, allowing to assess the relationships between the different biomarkers of the disease, their dynamic and their chronology.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alzheimer's Disease Behavioral: Memory assessment Biological: Circulating biomarkers measure Genetic: ApoE4 Other: Brain imaging examination MRI and PET examinations Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The three main objectives of this project are:

  • To Identify, compare and combine the predictive markers of AD,
  • To better understand the pathophysiologic mechanisms of AD,
  • To study the ability of different neuroimaging techniques to monitor AD's evolution.

For these purposes, detailed neuropsychological evaluations, biological measures and brain structural & functional imaging measures are associated for a fully-comprehensive description of the different manifestations of AD through disease progression and toward identifying early markers.

Subjects are evaluated using neuropsychological tests of episodic memory (encoding vs. retrieval), executive functions (inhibition, flexibility, and updating processes), self-judgment, theory of mind, mental imagery and verbal fluency. A FDG-PET measure of resting state glucose consumption, an AV45-PET measure of amyloid deposition as well as anatomical, resting-state and activation fMRI scans are performed for each volonteer. In addition, blood and cerebro-spinal fluid samples will be performed to determine different biomarkers (Aβ1-40, Aβ1-42 and tPA as circulating blood proteins and Aβ40, Aβ42, tau and its phosphorylated form in CSF). The investigators also study the polymorphism of Apolipoprotein E as a genetic risk factor of AD.

One hundred and twenty healthy controls (40 young, 40 middle age and 40 elderly), 40 Mild Cognitive Impairment patients (MCI; i.e. isolated memory impairment and increased risk of developing AD) and 30 AD patients will be selected. Participants with increased risk of developing AD and without objective evidence will be also studied: 50 asymptomatic subjects from families carrying a genetic mutation with an autosomal dominant transmission (NORMA) and 40 Subjective Cognitive Impairment patients (SCI).

Clinical follow-up of patients will be completed during 36 months (18 months for AD patients), as a neuropsychological evaluation every 6 months. Comparable neuropsychological and imaging exams will be proposed once again after 18 months for all participants as well as after 36 months for elderly controls, NORMA and SCI & MCI patients.

To study and compare the effectiveness of different in vivo markers (to predict cognitive decline in populations at risk of developing AD), each data set (i.e. modality) will be first analyzed independently from one another (intra-modality analyses), including inter-group comparisons, correlations and connectivity analyses, as well as longitudinal assessment of cognitive, biological and brain changes. Baseline data will also be analyzed in function of patient's clinical evolution to assess their predictive value. Comparisons and correlations between the different patterns of alterations will then be performed through inter-modality analyses. More specifically, the investigators will address the questions of the relationships between cognitive and cerebral alterations and structural / functional brain changes over our different patient samples, neuroimaging data sets, and through disease evolution.

This project is expected to identify specific and early markers of the MA and also to compare the diagnostic efficiency of different measures. It should contribute to better understand brain and cognitive alterations in AD. Finally, the investigators will be able to appreciate the dynamic properties of these alterations in the evolution of the disease through the longitudinal study.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 295 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: Study of the Predictive Markers and the Pathophysiological Mechanisms of Alzheimer's Disease: Transverse and Longitudinal Approach in Anatomical and Functional Multimodal Imaging
Study Start Date : May 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Young controls Behavioral: Memory assessment
Neuropsycological tests including clinical and original tests to compare differences between each populations.

Biological: Circulating biomarkers measure
ELISA tests from blood samples to compare differences between each populations.

Genetic: ApoE4
Evaluation of apolipoprotein E polymorphism as a risk factor.

Other: Brain imaging examination MRI and PET examinations
Structural and functional MRI FDG-PET to compare differences between each populations.

Experimental: Middle age controls Behavioral: Memory assessment
Neuropsycological tests including clinical and original tests to compare differences between each populations.

Biological: Circulating biomarkers measure
ELISA tests from blood samples to compare differences between each populations.

Genetic: ApoE4
Evaluation of apolipoprotein E polymorphism as a risk factor.

Other: Brain imaging examination MRI and PET examinations
Structural and functional MRI FDG-PET to compare differences between each populations.

Experimental: Elderly controls Behavioral: Memory assessment
Neuropsycological tests including clinical and original tests to compare differences between each populations.

Biological: Circulating biomarkers measure
ELISA tests from blood samples to compare differences between each populations.

Genetic: ApoE4
Evaluation of apolipoprotein E polymorphism as a risk factor.

Other: Brain imaging examination MRI and PET examinations
Structural and functional MRI FDG-PET to compare differences between each populations.

Experimental: Asymptomatic subjects
Asymptomatic subjects from families carrying a genetic mutation with an autosomal dominant transmission
Behavioral: Memory assessment
Neuropsycological tests including clinical and original tests to compare differences between each populations.

Biological: Circulating biomarkers measure
ELISA tests from blood samples to compare differences between each populations.

Genetic: ApoE4
Evaluation of apolipoprotein E polymorphism as a risk factor.

Other: Brain imaging examination MRI and PET examinations
Structural and functional MRI FDG-PET to compare differences between each populations.

Experimental: Subjectif Cognitive Impariment patients Behavioral: Memory assessment
Neuropsycological tests including clinical and original tests to compare differences between each populations.

Biological: Circulating biomarkers measure
ELISA tests from blood samples to compare differences between each populations.

Genetic: ApoE4
Evaluation of apolipoprotein E polymorphism as a risk factor.

Other: Brain imaging examination MRI and PET examinations
Structural and functional MRI FDG-PET to compare differences between each populations.

Experimental: Mild Cognitive Impairment patients Behavioral: Memory assessment
Neuropsycological tests including clinical and original tests to compare differences between each populations.

Biological: Circulating biomarkers measure
ELISA tests from blood samples to compare differences between each populations.

Genetic: ApoE4
Evaluation of apolipoprotein E polymorphism as a risk factor.

Other: Brain imaging examination MRI and PET examinations
Structural and functional MRI FDG-PET to compare differences between each populations.

Experimental: Alzheimer Disease patients Behavioral: Memory assessment
Neuropsycological tests including clinical and original tests to compare differences between each populations.

Biological: Circulating biomarkers measure
ELISA tests from blood samples to compare differences between each populations.

Genetic: ApoE4
Evaluation of apolipoprotein E polymorphism as a risk factor.

Other: Brain imaging examination MRI and PET examinations
Structural and functional MRI FDG-PET to compare differences between each populations.

Experimental: Non degenerative amnsesic syndrome Behavioral: Memory assessment
Neuropsycological tests including clinical and original tests to compare differences between each populations.

Biological: Circulating biomarkers measure
ELISA tests from blood samples to compare differences between each populations.

Genetic: ApoE4
Evaluation of apolipoprotein E polymorphism as a risk factor.

Other: Brain imaging examination MRI and PET examinations
Structural and functional MRI FDG-PET to compare differences between each populations.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Rate of volume change of whole brain, hippocampus and other structural MRI measures [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
  2. Rate of Decline as measured by: Cognitive Tests, Activities of Daily Living, and CDR Sum of Boxes [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
  3. Rates of change on each specified biochemical biomarker [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
  4. Rates of change of glucose metabolism (FDG-PET) [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
  5. Extent of amyloid deposition as measured by 18F-AV45 [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
  6. Group differences for each imaging and biomarker measurement [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
  7. APOE genotype [ Time Frame: 3 years ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria :

  • Education level > 7 years
  • Native language: French
  • Medical, neurological, neuropsychological and neuroradiological depth in accordance with the criteria for inclusion and exclusion-specific population, that is to say:

    • Healthy young volunteers: between 18 and 40 years old; normal performances compared to the age and the educational level for all tests of the diagnostic battery (± 1.65 SD).
    • Healthy Middle-aged volunteers: between 40 and 60 years old; without memory complaints, normal performances compared to the age and the educational level for all tests of the diagnostic battery (± 1.65 SD).
    • Healthy Elderly volunteers: over 60 years old, living at home, without memory complaints, normal performances compared to the age and the educational level for all tests of the diagnostic battery (± 1.65 SD).
    • SCI patients: over 60 years old ; memory complaints; memory complaint ; normal performances compared to the age and the educational level for all tests of the diagnostic battery (± 1.65 SD).
    • MCI patients: presenting the current criteria for amnestic MCI including: i) memory complaint, ii) deficits of the episodic memory (lower performance of at least 1.65 SD from the norm for age and cultural level for one or more scores of episodic memory and iii) normal performances compared to the age and the educational level of all other cognitive functions as memory, including tests to assess cognitive abilities.
    • Alzheimer's patients: presenting the standard criteria of NINCDS-ADRDA probable Alzheimer's disease, including abnormal global cognitive function and deficits in at least two cognitive domains identified by the diagnostic battery and a mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease (MMSE ≥ 15).

Exclusion Criteria :

  • The sudden onset of cognitive impairments (as opposed to their slow and gradual installation in Alzheimer's disease)
  • A chronic neurological, psychiatric, endocrine, hepatic or infectious complaint
  • A history of major disease (an uncontrolled diabetes, a lung, heart, metabolic, hematologic, endocrine disease or a severe cancer)
  • A medication that may interfere with memory or metabolic measures
  • A alcohol or drugs abuse
  • The cons-indications to MRI (claustrophobia, metallic object in the body)
  • A predominantly left-hand (score below 50% in Edinburgh Inventory)
  • Protected adults, and persons not affiliated with a social security system will not participate in this study
  • The inclusion of a participant in another biomedical research protocol

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01638949


Contacts
Contact: Julien Chavant +33231065495 memoire-recherche.caen@inserm.fr

Locations
France
GIP Cyceron Active, not recruiting
Caen, Calvados, France, 14000
Inserm - EPHE - University of Caen U1077 Active, not recruiting
Caen, France, 14000
University Hospital Côte de Nacre Recruiting
Caen, France, 14033
University Hospital Roger Salengro Recruiting
Lille, France, 59037
University Hospital Pontchaillou Not yet recruiting
Rennes, France, 35033
University Hospital Rouen Recruiting
Rouen, France, 76031
University Hospital Tours Not yet recruiting
Tours, France, 37044
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Caen
Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Vincent de La Sayette, MD University Hospital, Caen

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: University Hospital, Caen
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01638949     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2011-A01493-38
First Posted: July 12, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 9, 2014
Last Verified: April 2014

Keywords provided by University Hospital, Caen:
Alzheimer's disease
MCI
genetic
AV45-PET

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Alzheimer Disease
Dementia
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Tauopathies
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders