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Thalidomide fOr the Prevention of Restenosis After Coronary ArtERy Stent Implantation (TOP RACER)

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified March 2013 by Francesco Pelliccia, University of Roma La Sapienza.
Recruitment status was:  Not yet recruiting
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01638078
First Posted: July 11, 2012
Last Update Posted: March 7, 2013
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Francesco Pelliccia, University of Roma La Sapienza
  Purpose

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with the use of bare metal stents is associated with restenosis in approximately 10% to 50% of cases.

Stenting may induce endothelial damage/dysfunction and inflammatory reactions, which in turn delay healing and endothelialization and may lead to restenosis and atherosclerosis within the stented segments.

The sedative and antinausea drug thalidomide has been shown to have both anti-inflammatory and antioncogenic properties that could be of benefit in case of PCI with stenting.


Condition Intervention Phase
Coronary Artery Disease Drug: Thalidomide Drug: Placebo Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Thalidomide fOr the Prevention of Restenosis After Coronary ArtERy Stent Implantation - The TOP RACER Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Francesco Pelliccia, University of Roma La Sapienza:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Occurrence of binary restenosis 6 months after PCI [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    6-month angiographic evidence of binary restenosis (defined as an in-stent stenosis _50% at follow-up coronary angiography)


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Major adverse cardiac events 6 months after PCI [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    6-month incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE—death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization)


Estimated Enrollment: 100
Study Start Date: January 2014
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: June 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Thalidomide
Thalidomide
Drug: Thalidomide
Thalidomide, pill, 50 mg, once p.d., 6 weeks
Other Name: Thalidomide Celgene
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo
Drug: Placebo
Placebo, pill, once p.d., 6 weeks

Detailed Description:

Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with the use of bare metal stents is associated with restenosis in approximately 10% to 50% of cases.

Stenting may induce endothelial damage/dysfunction and inflammatory reactions, which in turn delay healing and endothelialization and may lead to restenosis and atherosclerosis within the stented segments.

Indeed, experimental studies indicate a marked activation of inflammatory cells at the site of stent struts, which is likely to play a key role in the process of neointimal proliferation and restenosis. Indeed, tumor necrosis factor and interleukins 1 and 6 are powerful stimuli for smooth muscle cell proliferation.

The sedative and antinausea drug thalidomide has been shown to have both anti-inflammatory and antioncogenic properties that could be of benefit in case of PCI with stenting.

The primary objective of this study is to carry out a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study to assess the effects of oral thalidomide on restenosis rate after successful stent implantation.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • A de novo native coronary artery lesions (reference vessel diameter:2.5-3.75 mm)
  • Class I indication to elective percutaneous coronary intervention
  • Stable conditions and no recent acute coronary syndromes
  • Normal baseline values of markers of myocardial damage (creatine kinase, creatine kinase-MB, myoglobin, and troponin I)
  • Able to understand and willing to sign the informed CF
  • Contraindications to DES Use (Clinical history difficult to obtain, Expected poor compliance with DAPT, Non-elective surgery required, Increased risk of bleeding
  • Allergy to ASA or clopidogrel/prasugrel/ticagrelor, Indication for long-term anticoagulation, Large Vessels, Focal Lesions)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Women of child bearing potential patients must demonstrate a negative pregnancy test performed within 24 hours before CT
  • Indications to DES Use (Small Vessels, Long Lesions Diabetes, In-Stent Restenosis, Complex lesions)
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01638078


Contacts
Contact: Francesco Pelliccia, MD +39064997 ext 123 f.pelliccia@mclink.it

Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Roma La Sapienza
  More Information

Responsible Party: Francesco Pelliccia, Assistant Professor, University of Roma La Sapienza
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01638078     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 429/2012/D
First Submitted: July 6, 2012
First Posted: July 11, 2012
Last Update Posted: March 7, 2013
Last Verified: March 2013

Keywords provided by Francesco Pelliccia, University of Roma La Sapienza:
coronary restenosis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Coronary Disease
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Arteriosclerosis
Arterial Occlusive Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Thalidomide
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Leprostatic Agents
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents