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Phase I Clinical Trial of ManNAc in Patients With GNE Myopathy or Hereditary Inclusion Body Myopathy (HIBM)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01634750
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 6, 2012
Last Update Posted : October 19, 2017
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:


- Hereditary inclusion body myopathy (HIBM) is a genetic disorder caused by mutations in a gene called GNE. This gene is responsible for producing a sugar called sialic acid. Low levels of sialic acid may cause muscle problems. Symptoms of HIBM include walking difficulties and muscle weakness, which usually start in a person s 20s or 30s and become worse over time.

Researchers are studying a drug called ManNAc. It may be useful for treating HIBM. However, this drug is still being tested. Researchers want to see how ManNAc is absorbed into and removed from the blood. They will not be looking specifically at whether ManNAc can stop or slow the symptoms of HIBM.


  • <TAB>To study how MaNAc is absorbed into and removed from the blood in people with HIBM.
  • <TAB>To study of safety of ManNAc in people with HIBM.


- Individuals between 18 and 70 years of age who have HIBM.


  • Participants will be screened with a physical exam and medical history. Blood and urine samples will be collected.
  • Participants will have a 3 to 4-day inpatient stay for the main part of the study.
  • Participants will be divided into groups of six. In each group, four will take ManNAc and two will take a placebo. Participants will not know which one they will receive.
  • Participants will have a single dose of either ManNAc or placebo. They will be monitored for any possible side effects. Frequent blood samples will be collected during the 4-day stay.
  • No treatment for HIBM will be provided as part of this study.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hereditary Inclusion Body Myopathy (HIBM) GNE Myopathy Drug: ManNAc Phase 1

Detailed Description:
Hereditary inclusion body myopathy (HIBM) is an autosomal recessive, neuromuscular disorder characterized by progressive muscle weakness with onset in early adulthood. The causative gene, GNE, codes for the bifunctional enzyme uridine diphospho-N-acetylglucosamine (UDP-GlcNAc)-2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine (ManNAc) kinase (GNE/MNK), which catalyzes the first 2 steps in the biosynthesis of sialic acid. The subsequent paucity of sialic acid production is presumed to cause decreased sialylation of HIBM muscle glycoproteins, resulting in muscle deterioration. In this Phase 1, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, escalating single-dose study, we propose to provide ManNAc (N-acetyl-D-mannosamine monohydrate) orally as a liquid solution to 3 cohorts of 6 subjects (Cohorts A, B, C) at doses of 3,000 mg, 6,000 mg, and 10,000 mg ManNAc, respectively, or up to the maximum tolerated dose (MTD). The objectives of this study are to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of a single dose of orally administered ManNAc to HIBM subjects, to identify the MTD of a single dose of orally administered ManNAc to HIBM subjects, and to explore the effect of a single dose of ManNAc on potential pharmacodynamic (PD) markers of HIBM. All subjects will be randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to receive ManNAc (n equals 4) or placebo (n equals 2) and the decision to dose-escalate will be the responsibility of the Safety Review Committee (SRC). Safety will be assessed by adverse events (AEs), clinical laboratory tests, vital signs, physical examinations, and electrocardiograms (ECGs). PK will be assessed for both ManNAc and sialic acid.

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 26 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1 Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind, Escalating Single-Dose Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetics of ManNAc in Subjects With GNE Myopathy or Hereditary Inclusion Body Myopathy (HIBM)
Study Start Date : September 11, 2012
Study Completion Date : May 29, 2013

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: ManNac Drug: ManNAc
Single dose
Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: ManNAc
Single dose

Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To evaluate the safety and tolerability of a single dose of orally administered ManNAc to HIBM subjects.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pharmacokinetics

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
  • Subject is 18-70 years, either gender, inclusive.
  • Subject has a diagnosis of HIBM (or IBM2, GNE myopathy, DMRV or Nonaka myopathy) based upon a consistent clinical course and identification of 2 GNE mutations. Molecular confirmation of the diagnosis will be obtained for all subjects in the study.
  • Subject must be willing to stop any treatment with ManNAc, sialic acid, IVIG, and/or other supplements containing sialic acid (eg, St John s wort, sialyllactose) 30 days prior to randomization and remain off such treatment for the duration of the trial.
  • Subject has the ability to travel to the NIH Clinical Center (CC) for admissions.
  • Subject (if a woman of reproductive age) must be willing to use an effective method of contraception for the duration of the trial.
  • Subject provides written informed consent.


  • Subject has a severe disease manifestation that would interfere with the ability to comply with the requirements of this protocol.
  • Subject has a psychiatric illness or neurological disease that would interfere with the ability to comply with the requirements of this protocol. This includes, but is not limited to, uncontrolled/untreated psychotic depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, substance abuse or dependence, antisocial personality disorder, or panic disorder.
  • Subject has hepatic laboratory parameters (AST, ALT, GGTP), or renal laboratory parameters (creatinine, BUN) greater than 3 times the upper limit of normal.
  • Subject has a QTcB >450 msec (males) or QTcB >470 msec (females).
  • Subject is anemic (defined as two standard deviations below normal for age and gender).
  • Subject shows evidence of clinically significant cardiovascular, pulmonary, hepatic, renal, hematological, metabolic, or gastrointestinal disease, or has a condition that requires immediate surgical intervention.
  • Subject is pregnant or breastfeeding at any time during the study.
  • Subject has received treatment with another investigational drug, investigational device, or approved therapy for investigational use within 4 weeks of initial screening.
  • Subject has a hypersensitivity to ManNAc or in the judgment of the investigator, has a condition that places the subject at increased risk for adverse effects.
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01634750

United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
National Center for Advancing Translational Science (NCATS)
Therapeutics for Rare and Neglected Diseases (TRND)
Principal Investigator: Nuria Carrillo-Carrasco, M.D. National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01634750     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 120207
First Posted: July 6, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 19, 2017
Last Verified: February 24, 2017

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) ):
N-Acetyl-D-mannosamine (ManNAc)
GNE Myopathy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Muscular Diseases
Distal Myopathies
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Muscular Dystrophies
Muscular Disorders, Atrophic
Genetic Diseases, Inborn