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A Brief Intervention

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Boston University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01632176
First received: June 28, 2012
Last updated: March 17, 2017
Last verified: March 2017
  Purpose

This randomized controlled trial (RCT) study is a small scale test of the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a brief motivational interview-style intervention. The intervention took place in the pediatric emergency departments by a trained interventionist and will followed an intervention algorithm developed by a team of dating abuse and brief intervention experts. The research design is as follows: the investigators will randomize youth ages 12-19 years old to one of two groups: one group who receives the intervention (N=~18), and the other which does not (N=~18). The investigators compared changes in outcomes from baseline to 1-month follow-up for those in both groups. The investigators looked at outcomes including dating abuse-related knowledge, attitudes about the use of violence to resolve conflict, and dating abuse behavior (perpetration and/or victimization).

Statement of study hypothesis: Youth who receive the intervention will show improvements in dating abuse-related knowledge, attitudes and behavior that are maintained for 1 month, while those in the comparison group will show no similar change.


Condition Intervention
Dating Violence
Dating Abuse
Behavioral: Brief, motivational interview and one booster session

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Participant
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Brief Intervention to Prevent Adolescent Dating Aggression Perpetration

Further study details as provided by Boston University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Dating abuse perpetration [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Self-reported perpetration of dating abuse, including acts such as pushing, hitting, kicking and forcing partner to have sex.


Enrollment: 36
Actual Study Start Date: July 2012
Study Completion Date: May 2014
Primary Completion Date: January 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
No Intervention: Standard of care
Patients in the control group will not receive any intervention, but will receive standard care for dating abuse issues.
Experimental: Intervention
Patients in the intervention group will participate in brief, motivational interview and one booster session to prevent adolescent dating abuse.
Behavioral: Brief, motivational interview and one booster session
This is a one session brief motivational interview-style intervention that follows a 9-step intervention algorithm. The intervention is delivered by a trained motivational interview interventionist. There is one booster call 10 days after the intervention/

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   15 Years to 19 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 15-19 years old
  • English-speaking
  • Have used at least one form of physical or sexual aggression against a dating or sexual partner in the past three months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient's reason for ED visit is an acute mental health problem (e.g., suicidal ideation or attempt, severe anxiety attack)
  • Patient is a prisoner
  • Patient is determined to be potentially lethal
  • Patient attends batterer intervention classes
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01632176

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Boston Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02118
Sponsors and Collaborators
Boston University
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Emily F Rothman, ScD Boston University
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Boston University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01632176     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 5K01AA017630-04 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
K01AA017630 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
Study First Received: June 28, 2012
Last Updated: March 17, 2017
Individual Participant Data  
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Boston University:
dating abuse
dating violence
domestic violence
sexual violence
sexual assault
youth violence
underage alcohol use
alcohol use

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 24, 2017