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A Brief Intervention

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01632176
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 2, 2012
Last Update Posted : March 20, 2017
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:

This randomized controlled trial (RCT) study is a small scale test of the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a brief motivational interview-style intervention. The intervention took place in the pediatric emergency departments by a trained interventionist and will followed an intervention algorithm developed by a team of dating abuse and brief intervention experts. The research design is as follows: the investigators will randomize youth ages 12-19 years old to one of two groups: one group who receives the intervention (N=~18), and the other which does not (N=~18). The investigators compared changes in outcomes from baseline to 1-month follow-up for those in both groups. The investigators looked at outcomes including dating abuse-related knowledge, attitudes about the use of violence to resolve conflict, and dating abuse behavior (perpetration and/or victimization).

Statement of study hypothesis: Youth who receive the intervention will show improvements in dating abuse-related knowledge, attitudes and behavior that are maintained for 1 month, while those in the comparison group will show no similar change.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment
Dating Violence Dating Abuse Behavioral: Brief, motivational interview and one booster session

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 36 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Brief Intervention to Prevent Adolescent Dating Aggression Perpetration
Actual Study Start Date : July 2012
Primary Completion Date : January 2013
Study Completion Date : May 2014
Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Standard of care
Patients in the control group will not receive any intervention, but will receive standard care for dating abuse issues.
Experimental: Intervention
Patients in the intervention group will participate in brief, motivational interview and one booster session to prevent adolescent dating abuse.
Behavioral: Brief, motivational interview and one booster session
This is a one session brief motivational interview-style intervention that follows a 9-step intervention algorithm. The intervention is delivered by a trained motivational interview interventionist. There is one booster call 10 days after the intervention/


Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dating abuse perpetration [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Self-reported perpetration of dating abuse, including acts such as pushing, hitting, kicking and forcing partner to have sex.


Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   15 Years to 19 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 15-19 years old
  • English-speaking
  • Have used at least one form of physical or sexual aggression against a dating or sexual partner in the past three months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient's reason for ED visit is an acute mental health problem (e.g., suicidal ideation or attempt, severe anxiety attack)
  • Patient is a prisoner
  • Patient is determined to be potentially lethal
  • Patient attends batterer intervention classes
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01632176


Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Boston Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02118
Sponsors and Collaborators
Boston University
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Emily F Rothman, ScD Boston University
More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Boston University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01632176     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 5K01AA017630-04 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
K01AA017630 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: July 2, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 20, 2017
Last Verified: March 2017
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Boston University:
dating abuse
dating violence
domestic violence
sexual violence
sexual assault
youth violence
underage alcohol use
alcohol use