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Mental Health and Aggression in Congolese Ex-combatants

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01625117
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 21, 2012
Last Update Posted : June 26, 2013
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is examine, whether a treatment approach, which is specifically tailored for perpetrators who have participated in violence (a variant of Narrative Exposure Therapy) is effective in the reduction of instrumental aggression and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Appetitive Aggression Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Behavioral: A variant of Narrative Exposure Therapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:
The reintegration of former child soldiers and ex-combatants is a big challenge in war-torn countries. Former child soldiers and ex-combatants often suffer from mental health problems and show enhanced levels of aggression. The present study focuses on the reduction of appetitive aggression and the improvement of mental health in former child soldiers and ex-combatants in DR Congo.

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 38 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : May 2011
Primary Completion Date : May 2012
Study Completion Date : September 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Control Group
Experimental: A variant of Narrative exposure therapy Behavioral: A variant of Narrative Exposure Therapy
During the proposed therapy, the client constructs a chronological narrative of his or her whole life which includes all traumatic experiences and perpetrated violent acts. All emotions, cognitions, sensory information, and physiological reactions are activated and linked to the autobiographical context.In five sessions the therapist and the client try to go through all important traumatic experiences and perpetrated violent acts. The sixth session is a group session with four to five clients. The group session is oriented on Interpersonal Psychotherapy and focuses on the role change from soldier to civilian.


Outcome Measures

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Appetitive aggression (Appetitive Aggression Scale) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  2. Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale, PDS) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Symptoms of depression (Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  2. Functionality (Work and Social Adjustment Scale) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 35 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ex-combatants in Congo who live in a re-integration camp
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01625117


Locations
Congo
Reintegration camp for ex-combatants
Goma, Congo
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Konstanz
German Research Foundation
Investigators
Study Director: Thomas Elbert, Prof. Dr. University of Konstanz
More Information

Responsible Party: Susanne Schaal, University of Konstanz
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01625117     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DFG_2011
First Posted: June 21, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 26, 2013
Last Verified: June 2013

Keywords provided by Susanne Schaal, University of Konstanz:
Treatment of ex-combatants
Narrative Exposure Therapy for ex-combatants
Appetitive Aggression
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stress Disorders, Traumatic
Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
Aggression
Trauma and Stressor Related Disorders
Mental Disorders
Behavioral Symptoms