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Clinical Ex Vivo Expansion of Human Umbilical Cord Blood Stem and Progenitor Cells

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01624701
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Funding expired)
First Posted : June 21, 2012
Last Update Posted : November 30, 2015
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research
Blood Services Group, Health Sciences Authority of Singapore
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Singapore General Hospital

Brief Summary:
This is a pilot clinical trial to assess the feasibility and efficacy of expanding umbilical cord blood derived blood stem cells for transplantation using a combination of chemical factors and stromal co-culture. Bone marrow (BM) mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) will be obtained from a separate bone marrow donor. One cord blood unit will be expanded by this method while another cord blood unit will be infused without manipulation. The expanded cord blood unit will help boost the initial recovery of blood counts after transplantation, though it is expected that the unexpanded cord blood unit will provide the cells which will lead to long term engraftment of blood stem cells. A third cord blood unit will be identified for standby should the cord blood unit expansion fail.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Leukemia Chronic Leukemia Myelodysplastic Syndrome Lymphoma Myeloma Other: Ex vivo expanded cord blood cells Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:
  1. Clinical transplantation of two cord blood units: one ex vivo expanded while another unmanipulated unit to function as a back-up.
  2. Ten patients will be selected from those for whom:

    • Allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplant is indicated (see details)
    • No matched sibling or matched unrelated donor is available quickly enough for the transplant (no fully matched donor found within 1 month of initiation of donor search or donor found but not available for donation within 3 months of donor search).
    • At least three unrelated donor cord blood unit can be identified with less than 2 antigens mismatches with the patient but with insufficient cell dose to meet the patient's requirements. If clinical efficacy of this protocol is demonstrated, we will proceed to a multicentre clinical trial with more patients.
  3. The investigators will obtain haplo-identical MSC from the bone marrow of sibling/parent/offspring of the patient. Although there will be some MSC co-infused with the cord blood cells, this has been shown to be safe in trials of MSC given for patients with graft versus host disease (GVHD) and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matching of MSC and recipient has been shown to be not important. bone marrow mesenchymal stroma cells (BM-MSCs) derived from related donor bone marrow with a minimum of 2/6 HLA match have been safe for use in patients.1 If the haplo-identical MSC donor is not available, matched unrelated donor MSC would also be used.
  4. Efficacy will be assessed by the following and compared to published literature as well as historical controls:

    • Neutrophil and platelet engraftment
    • Post transplant 100-day mortality
    • Overall and progression-free survival If clinical efficacy of this protocol is demonstrated, the investigators will proceed to a multicentre clinical trial with more patients.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 3 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Clinical Ex Vivo Expansion of Human Umbilical Cord Blood Stem and Progenitor Cells: A Pilot Trial in Collaboration With the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Study Start Date : March 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2015
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2016

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Expanded
'Ex vivo expanded cord blood cells
Other: Ex vivo expanded cord blood cells
Cord blood cells will be expanded ex vivo using a combination of stem cell factor (SCF), thrombopoietin (TPO), Flt3 ligand and IGFBP2 with mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) co-culture.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
    Number of subjects with infusional toxicities (including fever, renal dysfunction within 72 hours of infusion) and potential immunologic competition (absent chimerism of donor cells by 21 days post transplantation).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Engraftment [ Time Frame: 2 months ]
    Neutrophil engraftment (ANC>500/ul) in subjects as demonstrated by number of subjects with engraftment <=21 days.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 60 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients will be from the Department of Haematology, Singapore General Hospital, who have the diagnoses listed below and who meet the inclusion criteria. They have to be deemed suitable for trial by the respective attending doctor as well as a panel of at least three hematologists. Suitability will be reassessed by the Principal Investigator again

    1. Patients aged 12 years to 60 years.
    2. Patient has no currently available HLA-A, B, C, DRB1 and DQB1 matched related or unrelated donor.
    3. Patient must have a hematologic malignancy requiring allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation as further defined below (from National Marrow Donor Program and American Society of Blood and Marrow Transplantation Guidelines) and as further agreed upon by a panel of at least three hematologists specializing in transplantation.
  • Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML): High-risk AML including:

    • Antecedent hematological disease (e.g., myelodysplasia (MDS))
    • Treatment-related leukemia
    • Induction failure
    • 1st complete remission (CR1) with poor-risk cytogenetics or molecular markers (e.g. Flt 3 mutation, 11q23 etc)
    • 2nd complete remission (CR2) and beyond
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)

    • CR1 up to age 35
    • High-risk over age 35 including:
    • Poor-risk cytogenetics (e.g., Philadelphia chromosome t(9;22)or 11q23 rearrangements)
    • High white cell count (> 30,000/mm3) at diagnosis
    • CNS or testicular leukemia
    • No CR within 4 weeks of initial treatment
    • Induction failure
    • CR2 and beyond
  • Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS)

    • Intermediate-1 (INT-1), intermediate-2 (INT-2) or high IPSS score which includes:
    • > 5% marrow blasts
    • Other than good risk cytogenetics (not 5q- or normal)
    • > 1 lineage cytopenia
  • Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)

    • Disease progression
    • Accelerated phase
    • Blast crisis (myeloid or lymphoid)
  • Follicular lymphoma

    • Poor response to initial treatment
    • After second or subsequent relapse
    • Transformation to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
  • Aggressive T-cell or B-Cell lymphoma

    • After second or subsequent relapse
    • No CR with initial treatment
  • Mantle Cell: After second or subsequent relapse
  • Hodgkin's lymphoma

    • No initial CR
    • After second or subsequent relapse
  • Multiple myeloma: Patients failing autologous transplantation with chromosome 13 abnormalities, first response lasting less than 6 months, or β-2 microglobulin > 3 mg/L may be considered for this protocol after initial therapy.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Inadequate Organ Function as defined by:

    • Renal: Creatinine clearance > 60ml/min
    • Hepatic: Bilirubin, AST/ALT < 2x upper limit of normal
    • Pulmonary function: DLCOcorr > 50% normal
    • Cardiac: left ventricular ejection fraction > 45%
  2. Karnofsky score (adults) < 70% or Lansky score < 50% (pediatrics)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01624701

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Singapore General Hospital
Singapore, Singapore, 169608
Sponsors and Collaborators
Singapore General Hospital
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research
Blood Services Group, Health Sciences Authority of Singapore
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Principal Investigator: William YK Hwang, MBBS, FRCP Singapore General Hospital

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Responsible Party: Singapore General Hospital Identifier: NCT01624701     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2009/925/B
First Posted: June 21, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 30, 2015
Last Verified: November 2015
Keywords provided by Singapore General Hospital:
Cord blood
unrelated donor
cell dose
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases