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Evaluation of Treatment Related Toxicity After Radiotherapy for Head and Neck Cancer

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified March 2013 by Dr. Sandra Nuyts, Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01621048
First Posted: June 15, 2012
Last Update Posted: March 12, 2013
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr. Sandra Nuyts, Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven
  Purpose
Radiotherapy plays an important role in the curative treatment of head and neck cancer. This treatment however is associated with significant acute and late toxicity with xerostomia and dysphagia severely implicating the patient's quality of life. With highly conformal radiotherapy techniques it is possible to decrease de dose to the organs at risk while maintaining adequate doses to the tumour. In order to adequately register the effect of these techniques it is imperative to obtain standardized information on the acute and late treatment effects. With this study the investigators want to evaluate this toxicity using standardized and validated questionnaires during follow-up. This data will then be correlated to the doses delivered to the specific organs at risk.

Condition
Head and Neck Neoplasms Xerostomia Deglutition Disorders

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Evaluation of Treatment Related Toxicity After Radiotherapy for Head and Neck Cancer and Correlation With Dose to Organs at Risk

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Dr. Sandra Nuyts, Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • toxicity [ Time Frame: 5 years ]

Estimated Enrollment: 200
Study Start Date: June 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

Introduction Radiotherapy is one of the main curative treatment options in advanced head and neck cancer. With the introduction of altered fractionation schedules and concurrent chemotherapy locoregional control numbers and overall survival have improved significantly. This has come at the cost of excess in acute and late toxicity. The steep dose gradients associated with more conformal radiotherapy techniques such as intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) allows us to maintain adequate coverage of the target volume while reducing the dose to the surrounding normal tissues, thus potentially sparing these from excess acute and late toxicity. However to accurately evaluate the value of these new techniques documentation of treatment related toxicity and quality of life is essential. Standardized quality of life scoring systems have been developed for this purpose. Especially xerostomia is very hard to evaluate, although it remains an important issue in the follow-up of these patients.

Purpose In this study the investigators want to analyze treatment related toxicity, with special emphasis on xerostomia and dysphagia in patients treated with radiotherapy for head and neck cancer by presenting them with standardized quality of life questionnaires at well defined points after treatment (2 months, six months, one year ,two years after RT). The result of these questionnaires will then be correlated to treatment data.

Study Design The investigators will include all patient which are in follow-up after primary (chemo-)radiotherapy for head and neck cancer for a period 4 years. At well defined time points after primary (chemo-)radiotherapy for head and neck cancer the investigators will ask the patient to fill in standardized questionnaires compromising of the EORTC QLQ H&N35 questionnaire, the university of Michigan Xerostomia questionnaire (XQ) and the MD Anderson Dysphagia Inventory. The treating physician will score the toxicity using the RTOG/EORTC late toxicity scoring system and the functional oral intake scale (FOIS).

This toxicity data will then be analyzed and correlated with treatment data. Special interest will go to the relationship between the presence of xerostomia and the doses delivered to subvolumes of the parotid glands, the submandibular glands and oral cavity.

  Eligibility

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Patients treated with primary (chemo-)radiotherapy for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma up to 70-72 Gy.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx and larynx.
  • Stage T1-4,N0-3; for cancer of the glottis T3-4 or TxN1-3
  • Decision for curative radiotherapy or radiochemotherapy made by a multidisciplinary group of head and neck tumors.
  • >18 years of age

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous surgery of the primary tumor or lymph nodes
  • Tumour recurrence, locoregional or distant
  • Mental condition rendering the patient unable to understand or fill in the questionnaires
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01621048


Locations
Belgium
Department of Radiotherapy-Oncology, UZ Gasthuisberg Leuven Recruiting
Leuven, Belgium, 3000
Contact: Sandra Nuyts, MD phD       sandra.nuyts@uzleuven.be   
Principal Investigator: Sandra Nuyts, MD, Ph.D         
Sub-Investigator: Maarten Lambrecht, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Sandra Nuyts, M.D., Ph.D Department of Radiotherapy, UZ Gasthuisberg Leuven
  More Information

Publications:
Bourhis J, Overgaard J, Audry H, Ang KK, Saunders M, Bernier J, Horiot JC, Le Maître A, Pajak TF, Poulsen MG, O'Sullivan B, Dobrowsky W, Hliniak A, Skladowski K, Hay JH, Pinto LH, Fallai C, Fu KK, Sylvester R, Pignon JP; Meta-Analysis of Radiotherapy in Carcinomas of Head and neck (MARCH) Collaborative Group. Hyperfractionated or accelerated radiotherapy in head and neck cancer: a meta-analysis. Lancet. 2006 Sep 2;368(9538):843-54. Review.
Pignon JP, Bourhis J, Domenge C, Designé L. Chemotherapy added to locoregional treatment for head and neck squamous-cell carcinoma: three meta-analyses of updated individual data. MACH-NC Collaborative Group. Meta-Analysis of Chemotherapy on Head and Neck Cancer. Lancet. 2000 Mar 18;355(9208):949-55.
Nuyts S, Dirix P, Clement PM, Poorten VV, Delaere P, Schoenaers J, Hermans R, Van den Bogaert W. Impact of adding concomitant chemotherapy to hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy for advanced head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2009 Mar 15;73(4):1088-95. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2008.05.042. Epub 2008 Aug 15.
Machtay M, Moughan J, Trotti A, Garden AS, Weber RS, Cooper JS, Forastiere A, Ang KK. Factors associated with severe late toxicity after concurrent chemoradiation for locally advanced head and neck cancer: an RTOG analysis. J Clin Oncol. 2008 Jul 20;26(21):3582-9. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2007.14.8841. Epub 2008 Jun 16.
Nutting CM, Morden JP, Harrington KJ, Urbano TG, Bhide SA, Clark C, Miles EA, Miah AB, Newbold K, Tanay M, Adab F, Jefferies SJ, Scrase C, Yap BK, A'Hern RP, Sydenham MA, Emson M, Hall E; PARSPORT trial management group. Parotid-sparing intensity modulated versus conventional radiotherapy in head and neck cancer (PARSPORT): a phase 3 multicentre randomised controlled trial. Lancet Oncol. 2011 Feb;12(2):127-36. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(10)70290-4. Epub 2011 Jan 12.
Dirix P, Nuyts S. Evidence-based organ-sparing radiotherapy in head and neck cancer. Lancet Oncol. 2010 Jan;11(1):85-91. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(09)70231-1. Review.

Responsible Party: Dr. Sandra Nuyts, Professor, Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01621048     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: s54403
First Submitted: June 13, 2012
First Posted: June 15, 2012
Last Update Posted: March 12, 2013
Last Verified: March 2013

Keywords provided by Dr. Sandra Nuyts, Universitaire Ziekenhuizen Leuven:
Head and Neck Neoplasmsr
Radiotherapy
Xerostomia
Deglutition Disorders

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Xerostomia
Deglutition Disorders
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Salivary Gland Diseases
Mouth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Pharyngeal Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases


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