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Targeted Therapy in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia or Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01620216
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Unable to recruit enough eligible subjects)
First Posted : June 15, 2012
Last Update Posted : December 3, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Oregon Health and Science University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Stephen Spurgeon, OHSU Knight Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well targeted therapy works in treating patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia or acute myelogenous leukemia that has come back after a period of improvement or does not respond to treatment. Testing patients' blood or bone marrow to find out if their type of cancer may be sensitive to a specific drug may help doctors choose more effective treatments. Dasatinib, sunitinib malate, sorafenib tosylate, ponatinib hydrochloride, pacritinib, ruxolitinib, and idelalisib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving targeted therapy based on cancer type may be an effective treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia or acute myelogenous leukemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Myeloid Leukemia Arising From Previous Myelodysplastic Syndrome Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia Recurrent Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Recurrent Acute Myeloid Leukemia Refractory Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia Other: Antitumor Drug Screening Assay Drug: Dasatinib Drug: Idelalisib Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis Drug: Pacritinib Other: Pharmacological Study Drug: Ponatinib Drug: Ponatinib Hydrochloride Drug: Ruxolitinib Drug: Sorafenib Drug: Sorafenib Tosylate Drug: Sunitinib Drug: Sunitinib Malate Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 13 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Proof-of-Concept Trial to Study Kinase Inhibition in Relapsed/Refractory Acute Leukemias: Using a Comprehensive In Vitro Kinase Inhibitor Panel to Select Individualized, Targeted Therapies
Actual Study Start Date : May 11, 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 25, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : April 30, 2017


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group I (dasatinib)
Patients receive dasatinib PO QD on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other: Antitumor Drug Screening Assay
Undergo pre clinical kinase inhibitor activity screening
Other Name: Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor

Drug: Dasatinib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • BMS-354825
  • Dasatinib Hydrate
  • Dasatinib Monohydrate
  • Sprycel

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies

Experimental: Group II (sutinib malate)
Patients receive sutinib malate PO QD on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other: Antitumor Drug Screening Assay
Undergo pre clinical kinase inhibitor activity screening
Other Name: Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies

Drug: Sunitinib
Given PO

Drug: Sunitinib Malate
Given PO
Other Names:
  • SU011248
  • SU11248
  • sunitinib
  • Sutent

Experimental: Group III (sorafenib tosylate)
Patients receive sorafenib tosylate PO BID on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other: Antitumor Drug Screening Assay
Undergo pre clinical kinase inhibitor activity screening
Other Name: Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies

Drug: Sorafenib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • BA4 43 9006
  • BAY 43-9006
  • Bay-439006

Drug: Sorafenib Tosylate
Given PO
Other Names:
  • BAY 43-9006 Tosylate
  • BAY 54-9085
  • Nexavar
  • sorafenib

Experimental: Group IV (ponatinib hydrochloride)
Patients receive ponatinib hydrochloride PO QD on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
Other: Antitumor Drug Screening Assay
Undergo pre clinical kinase inhibitor activity screening
Other Name: Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies

Drug: Ponatinib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • AP-24534
  • AP24534

Drug: Ponatinib Hydrochloride
Given PO
Other Names:
  • AP24534 HCl
  • Iclusig

Experimental: Group V (pacritinib)
Patients receive pacritinib PO BID on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other: Antitumor Drug Screening Assay
Undergo pre clinical kinase inhibitor activity screening
Other Name: Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Drug: Pacritinib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • Oral JAK2 Inhibitor SB1518
  • SB 1518
  • SB-1518
  • SB1518

Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies

Experimental: Group VI (ruxolitinib)
Patients receive ruxolitinib PO BID on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other: Antitumor Drug Screening Assay
Undergo pre clinical kinase inhibitor activity screening
Other Name: Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies

Drug: Ruxolitinib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • INCB-18424
  • INCB18424
  • Jakafi
  • Oral JAK Inhibitor INCB18424

Experimental: Group VII (idelalisib)
Patients receive idelalisib PO BID on days 1-28. Cycles repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Other: Antitumor Drug Screening Assay
Undergo pre clinical kinase inhibitor activity screening
Other Name: Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor

Drug: Idelalisib
Given PO
Other Names:
  • CAL-101
  • GS 1101
  • GS-1101
  • Phosphoinositide-3 Kinase Delta Inhibitor CAL-101
  • Zydelig

Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
Correlative studies

Other: Pharmacological Study
Correlative studies




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Clinical activity [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Will be defined as defined as a decrease of at least 25% in bone marrow blast counts or peripheral blood blast. The proportion of patients achieving the endpoint along with its 95% exact binomial confidence interval will be presented.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall objective response rates (complete and partial) [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    The proportion of patients achieving the endpoint along with its 95% exact binomial confidence interval will be presented.

  2. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: From the start of study drug treatment to death, regardless of cause of death, or date of disease progression defined as a >= 50% increase in leukemic bone marrow blasts, whichever occurs first, assessed up to 3 years ]
    Kaplan-Meier method will be used to estimate the survival curve.

  3. Overall survival [ Time Frame: From the date of subject registration to death, regardless of causes of death, assessed up to 3 years ]
    Kaplan-Meier method will be used to estimate the survival curve.

  4. Clinical activity [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Will be defined as a decrease of at least 25% in bone marrow blast counts or in peripheral blood blasts in subjects who have failed the initial inhibitor but are then treated with another inhibitor identified on repeat pre-clinical activity testing. The proportion of patients achieving the endpoint along with its 95% exact binomial confidence interval will be presented.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Presence of active/aberrant kinase pathways [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Will be correlated with treatment response, mutational analysis using next generation sequencing, and characterization of aberrant gene expression in primary leukemia samples.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants >= 18 years of age with relapsed/refractory leukemia with a confirmed diagnosis of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) or acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who meet the following criteria:

    • Individuals aged 18-64 years with salvage treatment failures only - defined as relapsed or refractory to after least 1 cycle of salvage therapy

      • Given the clinical activity and use of hypomethylating agents in AML patients, initial and salvage therapy may include hypomethylating agents
    • Age >= 65 years: Refractory to induction chemotherapy - defined as no response to initial therapy or have relapsed after initial therapy

      • Individuals aged >= 65 years, with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) or myelodysplasia (MDS) that transform to acute leukemia while actively receiving hypomethylating agents (i.e., decitabine or azacytidine) will be considered induction failures and are thus eligible for this trial; for Philadelphia positive (Ph+) ALL, initial therapy and salvage therapy may include steroids and imatinib or dasatinib
  • Primary patient samples must show in vitro kinase inhibitor sensitivity as determined by the Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU) functional kinase inhibitor screen; for OHSU patients, functional kinase inhibitor screening may be performed as part of this study or through enrollment in eIRB4422 if the identical Food and Drug Administration (FDA)/Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act (CLIA) approved assay is used and a result is available within 2 weeks of starting on study drug treatment
  • Patients must have normal organ function as defined below:

    • Serum creatinine < 2.0 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • International normalized ratio (INR) < 1.5 x institutional ULN
  • Adequate hepatic function as defined by the following criteria:

    • Total serum bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN, unless due to Gilbert's syndrome
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) =< 2.5 x ULN
    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 x ULN
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
  • Discontinuation of anti-coagulants and anti-platelet drugs at least 7 days prior to start of study drug

    • Aspirin 81 mg is permitted as long as platelet count is > 50 and there is no evidence of active bleeding or coagulopathy (INR > 1.5, fibrinogen > 150)
  • No uncontrolled infections as determined by the investigator
  • No clinically significant thyroid disease (e.g. hyperthyroid/hypothyroidism)
  • No active graft versus host disease (GVHD): patients with a history of stem cell transplant are eligible but cannot have evidence of active GVHD as determined by the investigator
  • Must be able to take oral medication
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (sensitivity < 25 IU human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG]/L) within 72 hours prior to the start of study drug
  • Persons of reproductive potential must agree to use an adequate method of contraception throughout treatment and for at least 4 weeks after study drug is stopped; women of childbearing potential and men with a sexual partner of childbearing potential must be advised of the importance of avoiding pregnancy during trial participation and the potential risk factors for an unintentional pregnancy
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA) document
  • Serum sodium (Na), potassium (K), magnesium (Mg), and total serum calcium (Ca) or ionized Ca levels must be greater than or equal to the institutional lower limit of normal; subjects with low K or Mg levels, total corrected serum Ca and/or ionized Ca must be replete for protocol entry
  • Dasatinib

    • Discontinuation of any medications known to contribute significantly to the risk of QT prolongation at least 48 hours prior to start of study drug; Levaquin and Zofran are an exception; of note, certain agents that prolong the corrected QT (QTc) may be allowed but only after discussion with the chemotherapy pharmacist; should the investigator believe that therapy with a potentially QT prolonging medication is vital to an individual subject's care, then additional electrocardiogram (ECG)s should be done at the investigator's discretion to ensure the subject's safety
    • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 24 hours prior to the start of study drug
    • Men who are sexually active with WOCBP must agree to follow instructions for method(s) of contraception for the duration of treatment with study drug plus 90 days (duration of sperm turnover) for a total of 90 days post-treatment completion
    • Azoospermic males and WOCBP, who are not heterosexually active, are exempt from contraceptive requirements; however, WOCBP must still under pregnancy testing as described in this section
    • Investigators shall counsel WOCBP and male subjects who are sexually active with WOCBP on the importance of pregnancy prevention and the implications of unexpected pregnancy; investigators shall advise WOCBP and male subjects who are sexually active with WOCBP on the use of highly effective contraception; highly effective methods of contraception have a failure rate of < 1% when used consistently and correctly
    • At a minimum, subjects must agree to the use of two methods of contraception, with one method being highly effective and the other method being either highly effective or less effective
  • Sorafenib

    • Creatinine < 1.5 X ULN
  • Ponatinib

    • Female and male patients who are fertile must agree to use an effective form of contraception with their sexual partners from randomization through 4 months after the end of treatment
    • Discontinuation of any medications known to contribute significantly to the risk of QT prolongation at least 48 hours prior to start of study drug; Levaquin and Zofran are an exception; of note, certain agents that prolong the QTc may be allowed but only after discussion with the chemotherapy pharmacist; should the investigator believe that therapy with a potentially QT prolonging medication is vital to an individual subject's care, then additional ECGs should be done at the investigator's discretion to ensure the subject's safety
    • Serum lipase =< 1.5 x ULN
    • Serum amylase =< 1.5 x ULN
  • Pacritinib

    • Discontinuation of any medications known to contribute significantly to the risk of QT prolongation at least 48 hours prior to start of study drug; Levaquin and Zofran are an exception; of note, certain agents that prolong the QTc may be allowed but only after discussion with the chemotherapy pharmacist; should the investigator believe that therapy with a potentially QT prolonging medication is vital to an individual subject's care, then additional ECGs should be done at the investigator's discretion to ensure the subject's safety

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any leukemia treatment within 1 week (for cytotoxic therapy) and/or 5 half lives (for targeted agents) prior to starting study drug; corticosteroids are allowable throughout the study to treat concomitant medical disorders per provider discretion; hydroxyurea is allowed prior to enrollment and after the start of the study drug for the control of peripheral leukemic blasts in subjects with leukocytosis per physician discretion
  • Recent uncontrolled angina, recent > New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II congestive heart failure, or recent myocardial infarction (MI) within 6 months prior to start of study treatment
  • Diagnosed congenital long QT syndrome
  • Any recent history of clinically significant ventricular arrhythmias (such as ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, or torsades de pointes)
  • History of clinically significant bleeding disorder unrelated to cancer
  • Drugs that affect the cytochrome P450 family 3 subfamily A polypeptide 4 (CYP3A4) system (inducers/inhibitors/substrates) are allowed but should be used with caution depending on specific kinase inhibitor used; dietary supplements will be discouraged; however, their use may be allowed on a case by case basis per the discretion of the investigator after consultation with an oncology pharmacist
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant or lactating women are excluded from this study
  • Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients are excluded from the study
  • History of hypersensitivity to any of the kinase inhibitors included in this study
  • Dasatinib

    • Known pulmonary arterial hypertension
    • Patients may not have a clinically significant pleural or pericardial effusion
    • Uncontrolled hypertension: inability to maintain blood pressure below the limit of 140/90 mmHg
    • Any history of second or third degree heart block (may be eligible if the subject currently has a pacemaker)
    • Prolonged QTc interval (> 450 msec for men and > 470 msec for women) on pre-entry electrocardiogram
  • Sorafenib

    • Major surgery, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 30 days
    • Non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture
    • Thrombotic or embolic venous or arterial events, such as cerebrovascular accident, including transient ischemic attacks, arterial thrombosis, deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism within the past 6 months

      • Line associated deep vein thrombosis (DVTs) which are adequately treated (line removed and/or patient anticoagulated) are permitted
    • Uncontrolled hypertension
    • Active bleeding during screening
  • Ponatinib

    • History of acute pancreatitis within 1 year of study or history of chronic pancreatitis
    • QTC > 450 msec for men and > 470 msec for women
    • Uncontrolled hypertriglyceridemia (triglycerides > 450 mg/dL)
    • Any history of myocardial infarction, stroke, or revascularization
    • Any history of venous thromboembolism including deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism
    • Unstable angina or transient ischemic attack within 6 months prior to start of study treatment
    • Congestive heart failure within 6 months prior to enrollment, or left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) less than lower limit of normal per local institutional standards within 6 months prior to enrollment
    • History of clinically significant (as determined by the treating physician) atrial arrhythmia
    • Uncontrolled hypertension (diastolic blood pressure > 90 mm Hg; systolic > 140 mm Hg); patients with hypertension should be under treatment on study entry to effect blood pressure control
    • History of ongoing alcohol abuse
    • Ocular toxicity present as measure during a comprehensive eye exam
  • Pacritinib

    • Major surgery, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 30 days
    • Active bleeding during screening
    • QTC > 450 mSec for men and > 470 msec for women
    • NYHA class II congestive heart failure (a history of CHF is allowed as long as this has resolved to < NYHA class II within 30 days of initiation of pacritinib
  • Ruxolitinib

    • Evidence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection or risk of reactivation: HBV deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and HCV ribonucleic acid (RNA) must be undetectable; subjects cannot be positive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) or anti-hepatitis B core antibody; subjects who have positive anti-hepatitis B surface antibdy (HBs) as the only evidence of prior exposure may participate in the study provided that there is both 1) no known history of HBV infection, and 2) verified receipt of hepatitis B vaccine
  • Idelalisib

    • Ongoing drug-induced liver injury, chronic active hepatitis C (HCV), chronic active hepatitis B (HBV), alcoholic liver disease, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, primary biliary cirrhosis, extrahepatic obstruction caused by cholelithiasis, cirrhosis of the liver, portal hypertension, or history of autoimmune hepatitis
    • Ongoing symptomatic pneumonitis.
    • Ongoing inflammatory bowel disease or autoimmune colitis.
    • Ongoing cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, treatment, or prophylaxis within the past 28 days prior to the screening test for active CMV
    • History of serious allergic reaction including anaphylaxis and epidermal necrolysis

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01620216


Locations
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United States, Oregon
OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97239
Sponsors and Collaborators
OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Oregon Health and Science University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Marc Loriaux OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
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Responsible Party: Stephen Spurgeon, Principal Investigator, OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01620216    
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB00007195
NCI-2012-01084 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
CA180-392
IRB00007195 ( Other Identifier: OHSU Knight Cancer Institute )
R21CA159265 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: June 15, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 3, 2020
Last Verified: November 2020
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Myelodysplastic-Myeloproliferative Diseases
Sorafenib
Sunitinib
Dasatinib
Ponatinib
Idelalisib
Antineoplastic Agents
Janus Kinase Inhibitors
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances