Cell Therapy in Failure Syndromes in Limbal Stem Cells (TC181)
Transplantation of allogeneic or autologous limbal epithelial stem cells cultured on human amniotic membrane with no feeders in eyes with total limbal deficiency. Prospective non-comparative monocentric study.
Biological: epithelial stem cells cultured
Procedure: transplantation of cultured cells
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Thérapie Cellulaire au Cours Des Syndromes d'Insuffisance en Cellules Souches Limbiques|
- survival of the transplanted epithelium [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]survival of the transplanted epithelium defined by absence of recurrence of the clinical signs of limbal deficiency (opacification of the corneal epithelium, irregularity of the corneal epithelium, surface corneal vascularization) in the central cornea.
- visual acuity [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
- re-epithelialization time after keratoplasty [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]The healing time of corneal epithelium will be collectively assed by investigators form the CRF and the pictures taken during the study.
- Symptoms [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Symptoms recorded at each visit:
- redness : absent (0) - present (1)
- pain : absent (0) - present (1)
- burning : absent (0) - present (1)
- foreign body sensation : absent (0) - present (1)
- photophobia : absent (0) - present (1)
- blurred vision : absent (0) - present (1)
Grading of symptoms : sum of all symptoms (0-6)
- morphometric analysis of the ocular surface [ Time Frame: 3 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]the morphometric analysis of the corneal epithelial ulcerations will be assed by the CRA from the pictures of the corneal surface.
|Study Start Date:||June 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Biological: epithelial stem cells cultured
The limbal stem cell deficiency syndrome is characterized by invasion of the corneal surface by an epithelium with a conjunctival differentiation, and, clinically, by opacification and vascularization of the corneal epithelium with impaired corneal epithelial cicatrisation and corneal ulcers that may lead to corneal perforation. When total, the limbal deficiency syndrome is the cause of major disability. Vision decreases largely under the legal threshold of blindness. Overall, the most frequent etiology is by far the complete loss of limbal stem cells induced by severe ocular burns. Until a rather recent date, no treatment was possible in this pathology. Progress in the comprehension of the physiology of the corneal epithelium renewal made it possible to introduce a therapeutic approach, i.e., transplantation of cultured limbal stem cells retrieved from the healthy contralateral eye (autograft, unilateral diseases) or from a cadaveric donor eye (allograft, bilateral diseases or unique eye). Techniques of cell therapy were first described in Italy, Asia and in the USA with positive clinical results. They have all different processes for preparing the cell product to be transplanted and none answers the safety criteria required by the French legislation. The investigators developed a process for preparing a cell therapy product which was accepted by the French regulation agency (AFSSaPS) for a clinical trial (TC181) which began in 2007. The aims of the study are (1) evaluation of the clinical results of this technique in terms of improvement of visual function, reduction in the handicap, improvement of the anatomical condition of the ocular surface and restitution of the physiological function of the limbal epithelium and (2) evaluation of its possible side effects. It is a biphasic monocentric non-comparative prospective study including, according to the clinical responses observed during the first phase (plane of Gehan, ß = 10%), from 15 to 50 voluntary patients with unilateral or bilateral total limbal deficiency. Patient follow-up is 3 years. The expected minimal success rate is 20% for allografts and 40% for the autografts. Monitoring is ensured by URC-Est. The grafts are prepared by culture of autologous or allogeneic limbal epithelial cells from limbal explants on human amniotic membrane. The medical safety requirements relating to transplantation of tissues and cells are reached and the cell therapy products are secured at each stage of their preparation by conventional bacteriological and fungal tests and viral and bacterial PCR. The graft quality is controlled before transplantation. The main outcome measure is survival of the grafted epithelium (Kaplan-Meier method) defined by absence of recurrence of the clinical signs of limbal deficiency (opacification of the corneal epithelium, irregularity of the corneal epithelium, surface corneal vascularization) in the central cornea. The expected repercussions are (1) restitution of a limbal epithelial function allowing a clear corneal epithelium to be obtained, with no superficial vascularization nor chronic epithelial defects, (2) improvement of vision in blind patients, and (3) obtaining a vision higher than the legal threshold of blindness after cell therapy or after subsequent corneal transplantation. If the clinical trial makes it possible to show the effectiveness of this cell therapy technique, a request for authorization of process will be made at AFSSaPS for routine use.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01619189
|CHNO des quinze-vingts|
|Paris, France, 75012|