Body Awareness Therapy for People With Stroke

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01613339
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 7, 2012
Results First Posted : December 30, 2013
Last Update Posted : December 30, 2013
Norrbacka-Eugenia Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Anette Forsberg, PhD, Örebro County Council

Brief Summary:
Affected balance capacity is common after a stroke due to paresis and sensory disturbances. The affected balance capacity may cause walking disturbances, falls and decreased mobility. Balance may be improved by physical therapy. A possible method for balance training is body awareness therapy, that was introduced in Sweden by Jacques Dropsy and Gertrud Roxendal. Earlier body awareness therapy was mostly used in psychiatric care but in the recent years the method has been used for people with long-tern pain, amputations and multiple sclerosis. Body awareness therapy includes exercises in lying, sitting and standing. Focus of the exercises are awareness of one´s movement behaviour, breathing patterns, resources and limitations. Postural control is an essential part in the exercises. Body awareness therapy could be used for people with stroke as a way to improve postural control. The aim of this study is to investigate if balance training using body awareness therapy can improve balance and walking in people after stroke. The interventions consists of body awareness therapy once a week for 8 weeks.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stroke Other: Balance training using Body awareness therapy Not Applicable

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 46 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Body Awareness Therapy for People With Stroke
Study Start Date : October 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : February 2013

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Body awareness therapy Other: Balance training using Body awareness therapy
Once a week, 1 hour for 8 weeks.Body awareness training may be performed by physiotherapist. Exercises are performed in standing, sitting and lying. Exemple of exercies are weight-balancing in standing and relaxation exercises.

No Intervention: Control

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Bergs Balance Scale [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in Bergs balance scale at 9 weeks ]

    Test of functional balance. Includes 14 items all graded 0-4 where 0 indicate larger impairment. Total score is used here, maximum 56 and minimum 0.

    The Berg balance scale was developed for older patients but is a much used meausure of dynamic and static functional balance.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Timed Up and Go Test [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in Timed Up and Go test at 9 weeks ]
    test of functional mobility. Time is taken in seconds. The participants sits on a chair with armrests are then asked to rise, walk 3 meters, turn and walk back and sit down.

  2. Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale [ Time Frame: Change from baseline in Activities-specific Balance confidence scale at 9 weeks ]
    16 item questionnaire that investigates balance self-efficacy. Each items is a question; How secure are you that you will not fall when you...sweep the floor? The participant are asked to grade his/hers feeling of secutiry from 0, 10, 20 and so on up to 100. 0 is regarded low balance self-efficacy. The item responses are summed and divided by 16.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosed stroke more than 6 months ago. Walking capacity of 100 meter with or without assistive device.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Medical or cognitive impairment that prohibits participating in the intervention.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01613339

Primary Health Care Centres
Örebro, Sweden
Sponsors and Collaborators
Örebro County Council
Norrbacka-Eugenia Foundation
Principal Investigator: Mialinn Arvidsson Lindvall, RPT, MSc Family Medicine Research Centre, Örebro county council
Study Chair: Anette Forsberg, PhD Family Medicine Research Centre, Örebro county council

Responsible Party: Anette Forsberg, PhD, Researcher, RPT, Örebro County Council Identifier: NCT01613339     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AF-1-2011
First Posted: June 7, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 30, 2013
Last Update Posted: December 30, 2013
Last Verified: December 2013

Keywords provided by Anette Forsberg, PhD, Örebro County Council:
postural control
body awareness therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases