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Trial record 1 of 1 for:    CLL3001
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A Study of Ibrutinib in Combination With Bendamustine and Rituximab in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia or Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01611090
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 4, 2012
Results First Posted : March 3, 2020
Last Update Posted : March 3, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Pharmacyclics LLC.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Research & Development, LLC

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to examine the safety and efficacy of Ibrutinib administered in combination with bendamustine and rituximab in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma Drug: Ibrutinib Drug: Bendamustine hydrochloride Drug: Rituximab Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Detailed Description:

This is a randomized (patients will be assigned by chance to study treatments), double-blind (patients and study personnel will not know the identity of study treatments), placebo (an inactive substance that is compared with a drug to test whether the drug has a real effect in a clinical trial)-controlled study to determine the benefits and risks of combining ibrutinib with bendamustine and rituximab (BR) in patients with relapsed or refractory CLL/SLL following at least 1 line of prior systemic therapy. Approximately 580 patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to either treatment arm A (placebo) or treatment arm B (ibrutinib 420 mg).

Study medication will be administered orally once daily on a continuous schedule. All patients will receive BR as the background therapy plus either ibrutinib or placebo for a maximum of 6 cycles, after which treatment with ibrutinib or placebo will continue until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

A treatment cycle will be defined as 28 days. The study will include a screening phase, a treatment phase, and a follow-up phase. Study end is defined as when either 80% of the patients have died or 5 years after the last patient is randomized into the study, whichever occurs first.

Patients in treatment arm A (placebo) who complete the treatment phase, with disease progression or (after interim analysis) meet International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (IWCLL) criteria for treatment, may crossover to ibrutinib treatment (as in treatment arm B), at the investigators discretion. This open-label, next-line treatment with ibrutinib will continue until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, withdrawal from study, or until the study end, whichever occurs earlier. One interim analysis is planned for the study. Efficacy evaluations will include computed tomography scans, laboratory testing, focused physical examinations, bone marrow biopsy and aspirate, and assessment of patient-reported outcomes. In both treatment arms, samples for the development of a population-based pharmacokinetic (PK; study of what the body does to a drug) approach will be collected. Safety will be assessed throughout the study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 578 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Phase 3 Study of Ibrutinib, a Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase (BTK) Inhibitor, in Combination With Bendamustine and Rituximab (BR) in Subjects With Relapsed or Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma
Actual Study Start Date : September 19, 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 23, 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : January 23, 2019


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Ibrutinib + BR
Ibrutinib 420 mg will be administered orally once daily on a continuous schedule. All subjects will receive background therapy with bendamustine and rituximab (BR) for a maximum of 6 cycles (a cycle is defined as 28 days, with the exception of Cycle 1, which will be 29 days to allow for rituximab dosing prior to bendamustine and study medication).
Drug: Ibrutinib
Type=exact number, unit=mg, number=420 , form=capsule, route=oral use. Capsule is taken once daily continuously.

Drug: Bendamustine hydrochloride
Type=exact number, unit=mg, number=70 mg/m2, route=intravenous use. Administered intravenously on Cycle 1, Days 2-3 and Cycles 2-6, Days 1-2.

Drug: Rituximab
Type=exact number, unit=mg, number=375 mg/m2 and 500 mg/m2, route=intravenous use. Administered intravenously on Cycle 1, Day 1, and Cycles 2-6, Day 1, respectively.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo + BR
Matching placebo will be administered orally once daily on a continuous schedule. All subjects will receive background therapy with BR for a maximum of 6 cycles (a cycle is defined as 28 days, with the exception of Cycle 1, which will be 29 days to allow for rituximab dosing prior to bendamustine and study medication).
Drug: Bendamustine hydrochloride
Type=exact number, unit=mg, number=70 mg/m2, route=intravenous use. Administered intravenously on Cycle 1, Days 2-3 and Cycles 2-6, Days 1-2.

Drug: Rituximab
Type=exact number, unit=mg, number=375 mg/m2 and 500 mg/m2, route=intravenous use. Administered intravenously on Cycle 1, Day 1, and Cycles 2-6, Day 1, respectively.

Drug: Placebo
Form=capsule, route=oral use. Capsule is taken once daily continuously.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    PFS was defined as the interval between the date of randomization and the date of disease progression or death, whichever was first reported. IWCLL 2008 criteria for PD: New enlarged nodes >1.5 cm, new hepatomegaly or splenomegaly, or other new organ infiltrates, bone lesion, ascites, or pleural effusion confirmed due to chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL); >=50% increase in existing lymph nodes; >=50% increase in enlargement of liver or spleen; >=50% increase from baseline in lymphocyte count (and to >=5*10^9/L) or >=50% increase from nadir count confirmed on >=2 serial assessments if absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) >=30,000 per microliter and lymphocyte doubling time is rapid, unless considered treatment-related lymphocytosis; new cytopenia (Hemoglobin b [Hgb] or platelets) attributable to CLL; and transformation to a more aggressive histology.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Response Rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    ORR defined as number of participants achieving a complete response (CR), complete response with incomplete marrow recovery (CRi), nodular partial response (nPR) or partial response (PR). IWCLL 2008 criteria: CR- No lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly, no constitutional symptoms, neutrophils >1.5*10^9/liter (L), platelets >100*10^9/L, Hgb >11 gram per deciliter (g/dL) and absolute lymphocyte count <4000/microliter (mcL); CRi- CR with incomplete recovery of bone marrow; nPR- participants meet criteria for CR, but the bone marrow biopsy shows B-lymphoid nodules, may represent a clonal infiltrate; PR-2 of the following when abnormal at baseline: >=50% decrease in ALC, >=50% decrease in sum products of up to 6 lymph nodes, >=50% decrease in enlargement of spleen or liver; and 1 of the following: neutrophils >1.5*10^9/L, Platelets >100*10^9/L and Hgb>11 g/dL or >=50% improvement over baseline in any of these; no new enlarged nodes or new hepatosplenomegaly.

  2. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    OS was defined as the interval between the date of randomization and the date of death from any cause.

  3. Percentage of Participants With Minimal Residual Disease (MRD)-Negative Response [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    MRD-negative response was defined as the percentage of participants who reach MRD negative disease status (less than 1 chronic lymphocytic leukemia [CLL] cell per 10,000 leukocytes) in either bone marrow or peripheral blood. All randomized participants were included in this analysis. Participants with missing MRD data were considered non-responders.

  4. Percentage of Participants With Sustained Hematologic Improvement [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Sustained hematologic improvement was defined as hematological improvement that was sustained continuously for greater than or equal to (>=) 56 days without blood transfusion or growth factors: 1) Platelet counts greater than (>)100* 109/liter (L) if baseline less than or equal to (<=) 100*109/L or increase >= 50 percent (%) over baseline; 2) Hemoglobin >11 gram per deciliters (g/dL) if baseline <= 11 g/dL or increase >= 2 g/dL over baseline.

  5. Median Time to Clinically Meaningful Improvement in FACIT-Fatigue Scale [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Time to improvement is defined as the time interval (months) from randomization to the first observation of improvement. FACIT-Fatigue is an instrument for use as a measure of the effect of fatigue in patients with cancer and other chronic diseases. Responses to the 13-item FACIT Fatigue Scale are reported on a 5‐point categorical response scale ranging from 0 (not at all) to 4 (very much). The sum of all responses resulted in the FACIT-Fatigue score for a total possible score of 0 (worst score) to 52 (best score).

  6. Number of Participants With Clinically Relevant Shifts in Disease-Related Symptoms [ Time Frame: From the date of randomization to disease progression (Up to 2 years) ]
    The disease-related symptoms included fatigue, weight loss, fevers, night sweats, abdominal discomfort/splenomegaly and anorexia.

  7. Number of Participants Who Received Subsequent Antineoplastic Therapy [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ]
    Number of participants who received subsequent antineoplastic therapy was reported.

  8. Change From Baseline in Beta2 Microglobulin at End of Treatment (EOT) [ Time Frame: Baseline to EOT (Up to 2 years) ]
    Change from baseline in beta2 microglobulin at end of treatment at time of primary analysis was reported.

  9. Change From Baseline in FACIT-Fatigue Scale at End of Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline to EOT (up to 2 years) ]
    FACIT-Fatigue is an instrument for use as a measure of the effect of fatigue in patients with cancer and other chronic diseases. Responses to the 13-item FACIT Fatigue Scale are reported on a 5‐point categorical response scale ranging from 0 (not at all) to 4 (very much). The sum of all responses resulted in the FACIT-Fatigue score for a total possible score of 0 (worst score) to 52 (best score).

  10. Change From Baseline in EORTC QLQ-C30 Physical Functioning Score at End of Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline to EOT (up to 2 years) ]
    EORTC QLQ-C30 Physical Functioning Score is a questionnaire to assess quality of life of cancer patients. It is composed of 30 items, multi-item measure (28 items) and 2 single-item measures. For the multiple item measure, 4-point scale is used and the score for each item range from "1 = not at all" to "4 = very much". Higher scores indicate worsening. The 2 single-item measure involves question about the overall health and overall quality of life which was rated on a 7-point scale ranging from "1 = very poor" to "7 = excellent". Lower scores indicate worsening. All scale and item scores were linearly transformed to be in range from 0-100. A higher score represents a higher (better) level of functioning, or a higher (worse) level of symptoms.

  11. Change From Baseline in EORTC QLQ-CLL 16 Domain Scores at End of Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline to EOT (up to 2 years) ]
    The EORTC QLQ-CLL 16 is a 16-item disease specific module that comprises 5 domains of patient-reported health status important in CLL. There are three multi-item scales that include fatigue (2 items), treatment side effects and disease symptoms (8 items), and infection (4 items), and 2 single-item scales on social activities and future health worries. Responses are measured on a 4 point scale ranging from 1 (not at all) to 4 (very much).

  12. Change From Baseline in EuroQol-5 Dimension-5 Level (EQ-5D-5L) Visual Analog Scale at End of Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline to EOT (up to 2 years) ]
    The EQ-5D questionnaire is a brief, generic health-related quality of life assessment (HRQOL) that can also be used to incorporate participant preferences into health economic evaluations. The EQ-5D questionnaire assesses HRQOL in terms of degree of limitation on 5 health dimensions (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, anxiety/depression) and as overall health using a visual analog scale with response options ranging from 0 (worst imaginable health) to 100 (best imaginable health).

  13. Change From Baseline in EuroQol-5 Dimension-5 Level (EQ-5D-5L) Utility Score Scale at End of Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline to EOT (up to 2 years) ]
    The EuroQol-5 is a five dimensional health state classification. Each dimension is assessed on a 3-point ordinal scale (1=no problems, 2=some problems, 3=extreme problems). The responses to the five EQ-5D dimensions were scored using a utility-weighted algorithm to derive an EQ-5D health status index score between 0 to 1. High score indicating a high level of utility.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) that meets protocol-defined criteria
  • Active disease meeting at least 1 of the International Workshop on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia 2008 criteria for requiring treatment
  • Measurable nodal disease by computed tomography
  • Relapsed or refractory CLL or SLL following at least 1 prior line of systemic therapy consisting of at least 2 cycles of a chemotherapy-containing regimen
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status score of 0 or 1
  • Hematology and biochemical values within protocol-defined limits
  • Agrees to protocol-defined use of effective contraception
  • Women of childbearing potential must have negative blood or urine pregnancy test at screening

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Recent therapeutic interventions within 3 (chemotherapy/radiotherapy) to 10 weeks (immunotherapy)
  • Prior treatment with ibrutinib or other Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitors or prior randomization in any other clinical study evaluating ibrutinib
  • The presence of deletion of the short arm of chromosome 17
  • Patients previously treated with a bendamustine-containing regimen who did not achieve a response or who relapsed and required treatment within 24 months of treatment with that regimen
  • Patients for whom the goal of therapy is tumor debulking prior to stem cell transplant
  • Received a hematopoietic stem cell transplant
  • Known central nervous system leukemia/lymphoma or Richter's transformation
  • Patients with uncontrolled autoimmune hemolytic anemia or autoimmune thrombocytopenia
  • Chronic use of corticosteroids
  • History of prior malignancy, except: malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease present for >=3 years before randomization; adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna without evidence of disease; adequately treated cervical carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease
  • History of stroke or intracranial hemorrhage within 6 months prior to randomization; or clinically significant cardiovascular disease
  • Requires anticoagulation with warfarin or equivalent vitamin K antagonists or treatment with strong CYP3A4/5 inhibitors
  • Known history of human immunodeficiency virus or hepatitis C, or active infection with hepatitis B or C
  • Any uncontrolled active systemic infection or any life-threatening illness, medical condition, or organ system dysfunction which, in the investigator's opinion, could compromise the patient's safety, interfere with the absorption or metabolism of ibrutinib capsules, or put the study outcomes at undue risk
  • A woman who is pregnant or breast feeding, or a man who plans to father a child while enrolled in this study or within 3 months after the last dose of study drug

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01611090


Locations
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Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
Pharmacyclics LLC.
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Study Director: Janssen Research & Development, LLC Clinical Trial Janssen Research & Development, LLC
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:
Study Protocol  [PDF] August 21, 2017
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] February 9, 2015

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):

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Responsible Party: Janssen Research & Development, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01611090    
Other Study ID Numbers: CR100840
PCI-32765CLL3001 ( Other Identifier: Janssen Research & Development, LLC )
2012-000600-15 ( EudraCT Number )
U1111-1135-3745 ( Other Identifier: Universal Trial Number )
First Posted: June 4, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 3, 2020
Last Update Posted: March 3, 2020
Last Verified: February 2020

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
Small lymphocytic lymphoma
Relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia
Relapsed or refractory small lymphocytic lymphoma
Ibrutinib
PCI-32765
JNJ-54179060
Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitor
Bendamustine
Rituximab
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Lymphoma
Leukemia
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Leukemia, B-Cell
Rituximab
Bendamustine Hydrochloride
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action