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A Study of CNTO 136 (Sirukumab), a Human Anti-IL-6 Monoclonal Antibody, Administered Subcutaneously, in Patients With Active Rheumatoid Arthritis Despite Anti-TNF-Alpha Therapy (SIRROUND-T)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01606761
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 28, 2012
Results First Posted : February 5, 2018
Last Update Posted : March 23, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
GlaxoSmithKline
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Research & Development, LLC

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy of sirukumab as measured by the reduction of the signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in patients with active RA who are unresponsive or intolerant to treatment with anti-TNF-alpha agents.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Arthritis, Rheumatoid Drug: Placebo Drug: Sirukumab Phase 3

Detailed Description:
Patients will be randomly assigned to treatment groups, and they and study personnel will not know the identity of the treatments given. Some patients will receive a placebo, which resembles a medication, but does not contain an active substance. This helps to determine if the study agent is effective. Patients will receive placebo or sirukumab by injection under the skin. The expected duration of the study is 68 weeks, which includes 52 weeks of treatment. Participants who complete participation in the study will be eligible for inclusion into the long term extension study if enrollment at a participating site is available to them. If they do not participate in the long-term study, they will continue into the safety follow-up for approximately 16 weeks. The placebo-controlled portion of the study is through Week 24, when placebo patients will cross over to one of two sirukumab dose regimens. Patient safety will be monitored throughout the study.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 878 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Parallel Group Study of CNTO 136 (Sirukumab), a Human Anti-IL-6 Monoclonal Antibody, Administered Subcutaneously, in Subjects With Active Rheumatoid Arthritis Despite Anti-TNF-Alpha Therapy
Actual Study Start Date : August 6, 2012
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 17, 2015
Actual Study Completion Date : January 12, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group 1
Patients will receive placebo every 2 weeks from Week 0 through Week 22, followed by a subcutaneous (SC) sirukumab dose regimen every 2 weeks through Week 52.
Drug: Placebo
Form=solution for injection, route=subcutaneous use; every 2 weeks from Week 0 through Week 22.

Drug: Sirukumab
Type=exact, unit=mg, number=50 or 100, form=solution for injection, route=subcutaneous use; every 2 weeks for 100 mg and every 4 weeks for 50 mg, Week 23 through Week 52.

Experimental: Group 2
Patients will receive sirukumab 100 mg SC at Weeks 0, 2, and every 2 weeks through Week 52.
Drug: Sirukumab
Type=exact, unit=mg, number=100, form=solution for injection, route=subcutaneous use; Weeks 0, 2, and every 2 weeks through Week 52.

Experimental: Group 3
Patients will receive sirukumab 50 mg SC at Weeks 0, 4, and every 4 weeks through Week 52. Between sirukumab injections, placebo SC administrations will be made at Weeks 2, 6, and every 4 weeks through Week 52.
Drug: Placebo
Form=solution for injection, route=subcutaneous use; Weeks 2, 6, and every 4 weeks through Week 52.

Drug: Sirukumab
Type=exact, unit=mg, number=50, form=solution for injection, route=subcutaneous use; Weeks 0, 4, and every 4 weeks through Week 52.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Participants Achieving American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 20 Response at Week 16 [ Time Frame: Week 16 ]
    The ACR 20 Response is defined as greater than or equal to (>=) 20 percent improvement in swollen joint count (66 joints) and tender joint count (68 joints) and >=20 percent improvement in 3 of following 5 assessments: patient's assessment of pain using Visual Analog Scale (VAS; 0-10 scale, 0 =no pain and 10 =worst possible pain), patient's global assessment of disease activity by using VAS (the scale ranges from 0 to 10, [0 =no pain to 10 =worst possible pain]), physician's global assessment of disease activity using VAS, participant's assessment of physical function measured by Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI, defined as a 20-question instrument assessing 8 functional areas. The derived HAQ-DI ranges from 0, indicating no difficulty, to 3, indicating inability to perform a task in that area) and serum C-Reactive Protein (CRP).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI) Score at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ]
    The HAQ-DI is a 20-question instrument that assesses the degree of difficulty a person has in accomplishing tasks in 8 functional areas (dressing, arising, eating, walking, hygiene, reaching, gripping and activities of daily living). Responses in each functional area are scored from 0 to 3 (0=no difficulty and 3=inability to perform a task in that area). Overall score was computed as the sum of domain scores and divided by the number of domains answered. Total possible score range 0-3 where 0 = least difficulty and 3 = extreme difficulty.

  2. Percentage of Participants Achieving American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 50 Response at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    The ACR 50 Response is defined as >= 50 percent improvement in swollen joint count (66 joints) and tender joint count (68 joints) and >=50 percent improvement in 3 of following 5 assessments: patient's assessment of pain using VAS ( 0-10 scale, 0 =no pain and 10 =worst possible pain), patient's global assessment of disease activity by using VAS (the scale ranges from 0 to 10, [0 =no pain to 10 =worst possible pain]), physician's global assessment of disease activity using VAS, participant's assessment of physical function measured by HAQ-DI (defined as a 20-question instrument assessing 8 functional areas. The derived HAQ-DI ranges from 0, indicating no difficulty, to 3, indicating inability to perform a task in that area) and serum C-Reactive Protein (CRP).

  3. Percentage of Participants With Disease Activity Index Score 28 (CRP) Remission at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Week 24 ]
    The Disease Activity Index Score 28 (DAS28) based on C-Reactive Protein (CRP) is a statistically derived index combining tender joints (28 joints), swollen joints (28 joints), CRP and patient's global assessment of disease activity. The set of 28 joint count is based on evaluation of the shoulder, elbow, wrist, metacarpophalangeal (MCP) MCP1 to MCP5, proximal interphalangeal (PIP) PIP1 to PIP5 joints of both the upper right extremity and the upper left extremity as well as the knee joints of lower right and lower left extremities. The values are 0=best to 10=worst. DAS28 (CRP) remission is defined as a DAS28 (CRP) value of less than (<) 2.6 at any study visit.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) for at least 3 months before screening
  • Have moderately to severely active RA with at least 4 of 68 tender joints and 4 of 66 swollen joints, at screening and at baseline
  • Have had anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha therapy and were unresponsive by 1 of the following 2 reasons: Lack of benefit to at least 1 anti-TNF-alpha biologic therapy, as assessed by the treating physician, after at least 12 weeks of etanercept, yisaipu, adalimumab, golimumab, or certolizumab pegol therapy and/or at least a 14-week dosage regimen (ie, at least 4 doses) of infliximab; Intolerance to at least 2 anti-TNF-alpha biologic therapies, as assessed by the treating physician, to etanercept, yisaipu, adalimumab, golimumab, certolizumab pegol, or infliximab or have documented intolerance to an anti-TNF-alpha agent as described above that precludes further administration of anti-TNF-alpha agents
  • If using oral corticosteroids, must be on a stable dose equivalent to less than or equal to 10 mg/day of prednisone for at least 2 weeks prior to the first administration of study agent. If currently not using corticosteroids, must not have received oral corticosteroids for at least 2 weeks prior to the first administration of study agent
  • If using non nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs) or other analgesics for RA, must be on a stable dose for at least 2 weeks prior to the first administration of study agent
  • If using non-biologic disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) such as methotrexate (MTX), sulfasalazine (SSZ), hydroxychloroquine, chloroquine, or bucillamine, must be on a stable dose for at least 4 weeks prior to the first administration of study agent and should have no serious toxic side effects attributable to the DMARD
  • C-reactive protein (CRP) 8.00 mg/L or more or erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) 28 mm/hr or more at screening

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has received infliximab, infliximab biosimilar, or golimumab intravenous (IV) within 8 weeks of the first study agent administration
  • Has received subcutaneously (SC) golimumab, adalimumab, or certolizumab pegol within 6 weeks of the first study agent administration
  • Has received etanercept or yisaipu within 4 weeks of the first study agent administration
  • Has a history of intolerance to tocilizumab that precluded further treatment with it, or inadequate response to 3 months of tocilizumab (anti-IL-6 receptor) therapy. Has used tocilizumab within 8 weeks of the first study agent administration
  • Has used B-cell-depleting therapy (eg, rituximab) within 7 months of first study agent administration or have evidence during screening of abnormally low B-cell level caused by previous B-cell depletion therapy
  • Has used anakinra within 1 week of first study agent administration
  • Has used abatacept or any other biologic therapy for the treatment of RA within 8 weeks of the first study agent administration
  • Has received intra-articular (IA), intramuscular (IM), or IV corticosteroids for RA, including adrenocorticotrophic hormone during the 4 weeks prior to first study agent administration
  • Has received leflunomide within 24 months before the first study agent administration and has not undergone a drug elimination procedure, unless the M1 metabolite is measured and is undetectable
  • Has a history of cyclophosphamide or cytotoxic agent use
  • Has received cyclosporine A, azathioprine, tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, oral or parenteral gold, or D-penicillamine within 4 weeks of the first study agent administration
  • Has received an investigational drug (including investigational vaccines) or used an investigational medical device within 3 months or 5 half-lives, whichever is longer, before the first study agent administration

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01606761


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Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: Janssen Research & Development, LLC Clinical Trial Janssen Research & Development, LLC

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Janssen Research & Development, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01606761     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR100864
CNTO136ARA3003 ( Other Identifier: Janssen Research & Development, LLC )
2010-022243-38 ( EudraCT Number )
U1111-1135-6365 ( Other Identifier: Universal Trial Number )
First Posted: May 28, 2012    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 5, 2018
Last Update Posted: March 23, 2018
Last Verified: February 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes

Keywords provided by Janssen Research & Development, LLC:
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Active rheumatoid arthritis despite anti-TNF-alpha therapy
Sirukumab
Human Anti-IL-6 monoclonal antibody

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Arthritis
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Antibodies
Immunoglobulins
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs