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Stem Cells in Rapidly Evolving Active Multiple Sclerosis (STREAMS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01606215
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 25, 2012
Last Update Posted : August 9, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Imperial College London

Brief Summary:
This is a randomised, double-blind crossover study to study the effect of intravenous treatment with autologous (derived from the individuals themselves) mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Multiple Sclerosis Drug: Mesenchymal stem cells Drug: Placebo Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Current treatments for MS target the immune system and are not curative. There is much interest in MSCs as they have the potential to not only affect the immune system but may also promote repair. This study will use MSCs that are harvested from the bone marrow and grown for up to 52 days before being given back to the person from whom they were harvested. This avoids any chemotherapy so is therefore safer than other types of stem cells. In this crossover study, everyone will receive their own stem cells back but in half of the patients it will be delayed by 24 weeks.

The primary outcomes are to check that the procedure is safe and to measure any changes on the MRI at 24 weeks. Other more exploratory measures will try to assess effects on repair in the central nervous system (CNS).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 21 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Stem Cells in Rapidly Evolving Active Multiple Sclerosis
Actual Study Start Date : January 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2019
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: mesenchymal stem cells
1-2 x106 MSCs/kg administered at Week 0
Drug: Mesenchymal stem cells
1.0-2.0 million cells/kg body weight
Other Name: Mesenchymal stromal cells

Sham Comparator: Placebo
Suspension media administered at Week 0
Drug: Placebo
Other Name: Sham

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Frequency, Timing and Severity of Adverse events in MSC and placebo groups as Assessed by CTCAE v4.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year from baseline ]
    The number,time-frame and severity of adverse events in the stem cell treatment group will be compared to the placebo group.

  2. Total number of GELs at weeks 4, 12 and 24 after MSC therapy [ Time Frame: Up to 1 year from baseline ]
    To evaluate the efficacy of autologous mesenchymal stem cells in MS patients, quantified by the reduction in the number of new contrast-enhancing lesions on MRI scans over 24 weeks and the total number of GEL counted over months 1, 3 and 6 will be compared between treatment groups.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. contrast enhancing lesions identified over months 1, 3 and 6 will be compared between treatment groups. [ Time Frame: Months 1, 3 and 6 ]
    Number of contrast enhancing lesions identified over months 1, 3 and 6 will be compared between treatment groups.

  2. Comparison of contrast enhancing lesions between treatment periods [ Time Frame: Months 1-12 ]
    The number of contrast enhancing lesions counted over months 7, 9 and 12 (cross-over re-treatment) compared between treatment periods (placebo vs. active treatment) for each patient.

  3. Combined unique MRI activity [ Time Frame: Months 1-12 ]
    The number of new or enlarging T2, or enhancing or re-enhancing lesions.

  4. Relapses [ Time Frame: 20 months ]
    number of relapses in MSC treatment group vs. placebo group in the first 6 months and after cross-over re-treatment in the two groups

  5. Progression of disability [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    time to sustained progression of disability and proportion of progression-free patients.

  6. Disease free patients [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    The proportion of disease-free patients (i.e. patients without relapses) and progression of MRI activity in the two groups.

  7. MSFC score [ Time Frame: 36 months ]
    the changes in the Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite (MSFC) score in MSC treatment group compared to the placebo group.

  8. peripheral immune responses [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
    changes in immune cell frequencies and serum cytokines after MSCs

  9. Type 4 hypersensitivity reaction [ Time Frame: 48 weeks ]
    The effect of mesenchymal stem cells on delayed type hypersensitivity (Type 4 hypersensitivity reaction) as measured by the Mantoux test

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

Patients with clinically and radiologically active multiple sclerosis as defined by:

  1. Diagnosis of MS:

    • Relapsing remitting MS (RRMS): ≥ 1 moderate-severe relapse and ≥1 GEL in past 18 months or ≥ 1 moderate-severe relapse and ≥1 new T2 lesion in past 18 months.
    • Secondary progressive MS (SPMS) with an increase of ≥ 1 EDSS point (if baseline EDSS ≤ 5) or 0.5 EDSS point (if baseline EDSS ≥ 5.5), in the previous 18 months and ≥ 1 GEL in past 18 months or ≥ 1 moderate-severe relapse and ≥1 new T2 lesion in past 18 months.
    • Primary progressive MS (PPMS) patients with positive oligoclonal bands (OCBs) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and an increase of ≥ 1 EDSS point (if baseline EDSS is ≤ 5.0) or 0.5 EDSS point (if baseline EDSS is ≥ 5.5), or quantifiable, objective evidence of equivalent progression in the previous 18 months and ≥ 1 GEL in past 18 months or ≥ 1 new T2 lesion in past 18 months.
  2. Age 18 to 50 years.
  3. Disease duration 2 to 10 years from diagnosis (inclusive).
  4. Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) 2.0 to 6.5 at screening evaluation.
  5. ≥ 1 GEL on MRI within 6 months prior to harvesting.
  6. Adequate culture of a subject's MSCs and their release for clinical use.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. RRMS without at least one severe relapse in the previous 18 months or without at least one GEL or one new T2 in the previous 18 months.
  2. SPMS without relapses and without new lesions (GEL or T2 positive) at MRI in the last 18 months.
  3. PPMS without positive CSF OCBs or without a GEL or new T2 lesion in the previous 18 months.
  4. No gadolinium enhancing lesion(s) in the 3 months prior to bone marrow harvesting.
  5. A previously ineligible patient who failed to meet the MRI requirements of the inclusion criteria will not be reviewed again even if further imaging, revealing ≥ 1 GEL, becomes available.
  6. Failure of bone marrow (BM) sample to generate MSCs suitable for clinical use within a specified time frame (4 weeks).
  7. Treatment with any immunosuppressive therapy, including natalizumab and fingolimod, within the last 3 months.
  8. Treatment with interferon-beta or glatiramer acetate within the last 1 month.
  9. Treatment with alemtuzumab (campath-1H) within the last 2 years.
  10. Prior treatment with total lymphoid irradiation and autologous or allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
  11. Participation in clinical trials of any experimental drugs in the 6 months before study entry.
  12. Corticosteroid treatment in the last 30 days.
  13. Presence of any active or chronic infection.
  14. Previous history of a malignancy other than basal cell carcinoma of the skin and carcinoma in situ that has been in remission for more than one year.
  15. Severely limited life expectancy by any other co-morbid illness.
  16. Abnormal blood counts, a history of myelodysplasia or other cytopenia.
  17. Known pregnancy, positive urine pregnancy test at screening or risk or pregnancy (this includes patients who are unwilling to practice active contraception during the duration of the study).
  18. Contraindication to MRI including but not limited to intracranial aneurysm clips (except Sugita), history of intra-orbital metal fragments that have not been removed by an MD (as confirmed by orbital X-Ray), pacemaker and non-MRI compatible devices (e.g. heart valves, inner ear implants), history of claustrophobia or the inability of the subject to lie still on their back for a period of 1.5 hours in the MRI scanner.
  19. An estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)< 60 mL/min/1.73m2 or history or presence of renal impairment (e.g. serum creatinine clearance less than 30ml/min).
  20. Inability to give written informed consent/comply with study procedures.
  21. Any significant organ dysfunction or co-morbidity that the Investigators consider would put the subject at unacceptable risk by participating in the study or that would interfere with the functional assessments.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01606215

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United Kingdom
Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust
London, United Kingdom, W12 0NN
Sponsors and Collaborators
Imperial College London
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Principal Investigator: Paolo A Muraro, MD PhD Imperial College London
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Imperial College London Identifier: NCT01606215    
Other Study ID Numbers: CRO1959
13HH0228 ( Other Identifier: Imperial College )
First Posted: May 25, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 9, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Imperial College London:
multiple sclerosis
mesenchymal stem cells
bone marrow
rapidly evolving
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Sclerosis
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases