Trial for Malaria Vaccine Candidate, PfPEBS (P. Falciparum Pre-Erythrocytic and Blood Stage) (PEBS-POC1)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01605786
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified May 2012 by Vac4All.
Recruitment status was:  Recruiting
First Posted : May 25, 2012
Last Update Posted : May 25, 2012
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois
Radboud University
European Commission
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Brief Summary:
This study intends to test the hypothesis that the malaria antigen PfPEBS, manufactured as a synthetic protein and adjuvanted with aluminium hydroxide will be well-tolerated and immunogenic (Phase 1), functionally active against the erythrocytic stages (Phase 1) and efficacious (Phase 2) against the pre-erythrocytic stages in protecting against an artificial malaria challenge using Pf sporozoites in a healthy adult population.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Malaria Biological: Lyophilised PEBS synthetic protein (PfPEBS) Other: Rehydragel™ HPA Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The study will enroll 36 healthy adult subjects (18-45 years) and randomize them in a double-blind manner into 3 arms of 12 subjects each; 2 of the arms will receive either 5μg or 30μg, both adjuvanted with aluminium hydroxide, given as a 2-dose schedule with a 28 day interval. The third arm of 12 subjects will act as controls, and they will receive aluminium hydroxide only injections.

If the safety and immunogenicity results permit, the subjects will be challenged with live mosquito challenge delivering P falciparum sporozoites to assess pre-erythrocytic vaccine efficacy.

The PfPEBS molecule has been found to have in vivo and in vitro functional activity against the two stages that are clinically significant for malaria namely the pre-erythrocytic stages (sporozoite and liver stages) and the erythrocytic stages.

The formulation is a simple combination of a synthetic protein of 131 amino acids adjuvanted with aluminum hydroxide, the adjuvant with the widest safety records.

The combined Phase 1/2a study is designed in order to achieve 3 co-primary objectives

  1. Phase 1: To demonstrate safety and tolerability
  2. Phase 1: To measure the activity against the asexual blood stage of the parasite which is only indirectly estimated by the functional activity of elicited antibodies in ADCI under in-vitro conditions
  3. Phase 2: To demonstrate efficacy against liver stages by measuring the proportion of subject that are protected following a live sporozoite challenge.

The mechanisms of defenses differ for "liver stages" and "erythrocytic stages". Defenses against "liver stages" are strongly related to the secretion of interferon γ by CD4+Th1 cells, whereas for blood stages the defences depend on antibodies.

Preliminary studies have demonstrated that low antigen doses such as 5 or 2μg produce strong CD4+Th1- interferon γ secreting cells with low antibody titers, whereas higher antigen doses such as 30 or 50μg induce lower CD4 Th1 cell response and markedly higher antibody responses.

Therefore the choice of the two dose ranges for the Pf-PEBS clinical trial protocol is aimed at testing the two main efficacy objectives, one against "liver stages" with a low dose, the other against "the blood stages" with the higher dose.

The Sponsor for the two Phases is Vac4all. The funder for the Phase Ia is the EMVDA programme of the European Commission. The funder for the Phase IIa is Vac4all

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 36 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Phase I and IIa Trial for Assessment of Safety, Immunogenicity (Phase Ia) and Efficacy (Phase IIa) Against Sporozoite Challenge of P. Falciparum Pre-Erythrocytic and Blood Stage (PfPEBS-LSP) Malaria Vaccine Candidate
Study Start Date : May 2012
Estimated Primary Completion Date : May 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Malaria

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: PEBS Low dose Biological: Lyophilised PEBS synthetic protein (PfPEBS)

PfPEBS, is a synthetic polypeptide corresponding to amino acids 3112 to 3244 (131 aa) from the Pf 11.1 antigen in 3D7 parasite sequence. It is presented as lyophilised product in multi-dose vials (containing 105 μg for 3 doses of 30 μg ), looking like amorphous white powder. The vaccine is produced by SYNPROSIS in France.

The 5μg dose vaccine will be formulated extemporaneously in aluminium hydroxide adjuvant and given as a 2-dose schedule with a 28 day interval.

Experimental: PEBS High dose Biological: Lyophilised PEBS synthetic protein (PfPEBS)

PfPEBS-LSP, is a synthetic polypeptide corresponding to amino acids 3112 to 3244 (131aa) from the Pf 11.1 antigen in 3D7 parasite sequence. It is presented as lyophilised product in multi-dose vials (containing 105 μg for 3 doses of 30 μg ), looking like amorphous white powder. The vaccine is produced by SYNPROSIS in France.

The 30 μg dose vaccine will be formulated extemporaneously in aluminium hydroxide adjuvant and given as a 2-dose schedule with a 28 day interval.

Active Comparator: Control Other: Rehydragel™ HPA

Aluminium hydroxide adjuvant is being used as the adjuvant for the vaccine and will be used as the comparator in the control group. Vac4all is using Rehydragel™ (Manufacturer Reheis Inc.) which is a highly active protein adsorbent specially compounded for use as a fluid adjuvant. It has low oxide content and is carefully controlled for Al2O3 content and protein binding capacity. It has a lower viscosity than competing adjuvants, which makes it easier to process and handle.

Subjects in the control group will be administered a 0.5 ml injection in a 2-dose schedule at 28 days interval. Each injection will contain approximately 600 µg of Al(OH)3 per injected dose corresponding to 200 µg equivalent of Al3+, similar to the amount being administered in the vaccine group.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adverse events following vaccination [ Time Frame: Up to one year following first vaccination ]
    The safety and reactogenicity of the vaccine will be assessed by comparing the proportion and severity of expected and unexpected adverse events as well as serious adverse events (SAE) between groups.

  2. Change from baseline of antibodies active in the ADCI assay [ Time Frame: Within one year following first vaccination ]
    The vaccine antigen should induce adequate antibodies that are active in the ADCI assay, which measures parasite killing of erythrocytic stages of the malaria parasite by antibodies in Monocyte-dependant manner and is hypothesized to be able to provide protection against clinical malaria disease.

  3. Parasitemia following mosquito challenge [ Time Frame: From Day 4 up to Day 21 post challenge ]
    Subjects will be monitored for emergence of malaria parasites in the blood, using the gold standard of thick film slide microscopy, and rapid diagnostic testing, RT-PCR and LAMP. Treatment will be initiated as soon as subjects are parasitemic, defined as >1 parasites per 400 fields in a thick blood film, OR a positive RDT OR two positive RT-PCR OR one positive result with RT-PCR AND one positive result with LAMP OR two positive results with two different methods.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Antibodies against synthetic PEBS [ Time Frame: Within one year following first vaccination ]
    This will be measured by ELISA

  2. Antibodies against parasite antigen [ Time Frame: Within one year following first vaccination ]
    This will be measured by the following methods: whole parasite extract, ELISA, Western Blot, IFAT

  3. PEBS Interferon-Gamma [ Time Frame: Within one year following first vaccination ]
    This will be measured by ELISPOT

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 44 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male and female age > 18 and < 45 years
  • Good general health based on history, physical en laboratory examination
  • Available for and willingness to undergo a P. falciparum sporozoite infected mosquito challenge following the immunization course
  • Resident in or near Lausanne for the duration of the study having 24h access to a mobile telephone
  • Willingness to stay in special accommodation (hotel or equivalent) from day 5 up to one day after parasite positivity , or up to day 15 post EHMI
  • Agreement to refrain from blood donation during the course of the study and afterwards
  • Negative pregnancy test and the use of effective contraception during the whole study period if deemed appropriate
  • Willingness to undergo an HIV test and other serologies
  • Willingness to allow investigators to notify their general practitioner, if any, of participation in this trial
  • Willingness to allow investigators to request medical information, relevant for participation in this trial, from their general practitioner, if any
  • Written informed consent following proper understanding of the meaning and procedures of the Phase I and IIa parts of the trial
  • Agreement to inform study doctor and to release medical information concerning contra-indications for participation in the study
  • Willingness to undergo screening for drugs such as amphetamines, opiates and cocaine

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any history of malaria
  • Known exposure to malaria in the previous 6 months, defined as a visit to a malaria endemic region. For practical purposes, all regions for which malaria chemoprophylaxis is advised by travel clinic are considered malaria endemic
  • Planned to travel to endemic malaria areas during the study period
  • Prior administration of an investigational malaria vaccine
  • Administration of a vaccine or gammaglobulin not foreseen by the clinical trial protocol within 30 days prior to the first immunization and up to six months after the last immunization.
  • Participation in any other clinical trial within 90 days prior to the onset of the trial or more than four clinical trials in the past year
  • The use of chronic medication (defined as more than 14 days), especially immunosuppressive agents or antibiotics during the study period
  • The use of chronic immunosuppressive drugs or other immune modifying drugs within three months of vaccination (inhaled and topical corticosteroids are allowed)
  • Positive serological tests for P. falciparum (PEBS) ELISA and/or a positive P. falciparum whole parasite ELISA
  • Known hypersensitivity to vaccine components
  • History of severe reactions or allergy to mosquito bites
  • Contra indications to Malarone® including treatment taken by the volunteers that interfere with Malarone® (e.g. concurrent use of medicines that prolong QT interval)
  • History of allergic disease to or reactions likely to be exacerbated by any component of the vaccine
  • Any confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficiency condition, including asplenia.
  • History of diabetes mellitus or cancer (except basal cell carcinoma of the skin)
  • History of >2 hospitalisations for invasive bacterial infections
  • Symptoms, physical signs and laboratory values suggestive of systemic disorders, including renal, hepatic, cardiovascular, pulmonary, skin, immunodeficiency, psychiatric and other conditions, which could interfere with the interpretation of the study results or compromise the health of the volunteers
  • An estimated, ten year risk of fatal cardiovascular disease of ≥5%, as estimated by the Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) system.
  • History of arrhythmia or prolonged QT interval or other cardiac disease
  • Positive history for cardiac disease in the 1st and 2nd degree relative < 50 years old
  • Clinically significant abnormalities in electrocardiogram (ECG) at screening
  • Body Mass Index < 18 kg/m2 or > 32 kg/m2
  • Blood pressure > 150/90 in two measurements
  • Seropositive for HIV, HBV or HCV
  • Any clinically significant deviation from the normal range in biochemistry or haematology blood tests or in urine analysis.
  • Volunteers unable to be closely followed for social, geographic or psychological reasons
  • Previous history of drug or addiction to alcohol abuse interfering with normal social function during a period of one year prior to enrolment in the study
  • Having not reached 10 correct responses to the knowledge questionnaire

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01605786

Contact: Pierre Druilhe, MD +33142733541
Contact: Blaise Genton, MD +41 21 556 58 68

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV) Recruiting
Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland, 1011
Sub-Investigator: Blaise Genton, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Reza Chakour, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Voumard Rachel, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Valerie D'Acremont, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Regine Audran, Phd         
Sub-Investigator: Robert Sauerwein, MD         
Sub-Investigator: Ing GJ van Gemert, Phd         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois
Radboud University
European Commission
Study Director: Pierre L Druilhe, MD Vac4All
Principal Investigator: Francois Spertini, MD Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois (CHUV)

Responsible Party: Vac4All Identifier: NCT01605786     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Pf PEBS-Ia-IIa
2012-002294-54 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: May 25, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 25, 2012
Last Verified: May 2012

Keywords provided by Vac4All:
Plasmodium falciparum
sporozoite challenge

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Protozoan Infections
Parasitic Diseases
Aluminum Hydroxide
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Gastrointestinal Agents