Comparison Between Losartan and Benazepril in Diabetic Hypertensive Patients Not Controlled by Amlodipine (CONTROL)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ronaldo Altenburg Odebrecht Curi Gismondi, Hospital Universitario Pedro Ernesto
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01603940
First received: May 20, 2012
Last updated: December 29, 2015
Last verified: December 2015
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to compare losartan and benazepril in diabetic patients whose high blood pressure is not controlled by amlodipine and its relationship to statin current use.

Condition Intervention Phase
Hypertension
Diabetes Mellitus
Drug: Benazepril
Drug: Losartan
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Comparison Between Losartan and Benazepril in Diabetic Hypertensive Patients With Blood Pressure Not Controlled by Amlodipine: Effects on Echocardiographic Parameters, Vascular Stiffness and Endothelial Function.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Hospital Universitario Pedro Ernesto:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Endothelial Function [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Access endothelial function by brachial flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) and compare it between groups (losartan and benazepril) and its relationship to current statin use.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Vascular Stiffness [ Time Frame: 12 weeks. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Access vascular stiffness by pulse wave velocity and compare it between groups (losartan and benazepril).

  • Systolic Blood Pressure [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Compare both groups effects on systolic blood pressure.

  • Diastolic Blood Pressure [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Compare both group effects on diastolic blood pressure.

  • Vascular Stiffness by Augmentation Index [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Estimate vascular stiffness by measuring augmentation index and compare it between losartan and benazepril groups.


Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: May 2012
Study Completion Date: January 2015
Primary Completion Date: January 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Losartan
This group will receive 100 mg of losartan per day. Amlodipine will be maintained.
Drug: Losartan
Patients in this group will receive 100 mg of losartan per day, orally, during 12 weeks.
Other Names:
  • Cozaar
  • 0006-0951-54
Active Comparator: Benazepril
This group will receive 20 mg of benazepril per day. Amlodipine will be maintained.
Drug: Benazepril
Patients in this group will receive 20 mg of benazepril per day, orally, during 12 weeks.
Other Names:
  • Lotensin
  • 0078-0447-05

Detailed Description:

Hypertension and diabetes mellitus are important risk factors for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Endothelial dysfunction and vascular rigidity are two pathophysiological mechanisms that may explain this relationship. Recent publications showed that both ACEi (angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-induced) and ARB (angiotensin receptor blocker) were capable of improving vascular stiffness and endothelial function, and that these effects occurred despite blood pressure reduction.

This study main objective is to assess if ARB (losartan) effects are different from ACEi (benazepril) in endothelial function in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 and blood pressure not controlled by amlodipine and its relationship to statin current use.

Secondary analysis of vascular stiffness will be measured by pulse wave velocity and augmentation index. Echocardiographic parameters, such as indexes of diastolic function, will also be measured.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Ambulatorial patients with age between 40 and 70 years-old.
  • Systemic arterial hypertension previously diagnosed and in use of two or less anti-hypertensive drugs in the preceding 4 weeks.
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus in use of oral medication that were not changed in the preceding 4 weeks. Glycated hemoglobin A1c less than 9.0%.
  • Accepted the consent form.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Office systolic blood pressure equal or more than 180 mmHg, with or without treatment
  • Office diastolic blood pressure equal or more than 110 mmHg, with or without treatment
  • Evidences of a secondary cause for hypertension
  • Glycated hemoglobin A1c > 9.0%
  • Insulin therapy
  • Chronic kidney disease stage 4 or 5 or in dialysis
  • Advanced target organ lesion, obtained by history or additional exams, and defined by: previous myocardial infarction, heart failure with ejection fraction less than 40%, cerebral vascular accident (ischemic or hemorrhagic), peripheral vascular disease (claudication or doppler with obstruction > 50% of vascular lumen), retinopathy with visual loss, symptomatic neuropathy.
  • Cardiac arrhythmias, except for ectopic beats
  • Any clinical or disabling condition that, in the opinion of the investigators, may confound or prejudice study results.
  • Severe mitral regurgitation.
  • Women in fertile age without contraceptive methods in use.
  • Breastfeeding women.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01603940

Locations
Brazil
Hospital Universitario Pedro Ernesto
Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil, 20551030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hospital Universitario Pedro Ernesto
Investigators
Study Chair: Wille Oigman, MD, DSc. Hospital Universitario Pedro Ernesto
Study Director: Mario F Neves, MD, DSc. Hospital Universitario Pedro Ernesto
Principal Investigator: Ronaldo A Gismondi, MD, MSc. Hospital Universitario Pedro Ernesto
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Ronaldo Altenburg Odebrecht Curi Gismondi, Investigator. Medical Doctor. Master of Sciences., Hospital Universitario Pedro Ernesto
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01603940     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CONTROL STUDY 
Study First Received: May 20, 2012
Results First Received: August 18, 2015
Last Updated: December 29, 2015
Health Authority: Brazil: National Health Surveillance Agency
Brazil: National Committee of Ethics in Research

Keywords provided by Hospital Universitario Pedro Ernesto:
Hypertension
Diabetes Mellitus
Vascular stiffness
Endothelial function

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hypertension
Diabetes Mellitus
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Benazepril
Amlodipine
Losartan
Antihypertensive Agents
Calcium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Vasodilator Agents
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers
Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2016