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Systemic Therapy With Interferon, Interleukin-2 and BRAF Inhibitor

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01603212
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 22, 2012
Last Update Posted : May 21, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

The goal of the Phase I part of this clinical research study is to find the highest tolerable dose of vemurafenib and Aldesleukin (interleukin-2) that can be given in combination with interferon alfa-2b in patients with advanced or metastatic melanoma. The safety of this combination will also be studied.

The goal of Phase II is to learn if this study drug combination can help to control advanced or metastatic melanoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Melanoma Drug: Vemurafenib Drug: IL-2 Drug: Interferon Alpha-2b Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 6 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Systemic Therapy of Metastatic Melanoma With Multidrug Regimen Including Interferon, Interleukin-2 and BRAF Inhibitor
Actual Study Start Date : July 18, 2013
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 5, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : July 5, 2017

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Vemurafenib + IL-2 + Interferon Alfa-2b
Starting dose of Vemurafenib 720 mg by mouth twice daily. Three dose levels of Vemurafenib evaluated in combination with interferon and IL-2. These doses are 480 mg, 720 mg and 960 mg. IL-2 given by continuous venous infusion at starting IL-2 dose of 7 million IU/m2 daily for 4 days (total of 96 hours, days 2-5) starting day 2. IL-2 dose levels are 5MU/m2/day, 7MU/m2/day and 9MU/m2 day. Doses of interferon remain constant at 5 MU/m2 subcutaneously daily for 5 days starting Day 1.
Drug: Vemurafenib

Phase I Starting dose: 720 mg by mouth twice a day for a 21 day cycle.

Phase II Starting dose: Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) from Phase I.

Other Names:
  • PLX4032
  • RO5185426

Drug: IL-2

Phase I Starting Dose: 7 million IU/m2 by vein on Days 2 - 5 of a 21 day cycle.

Phase II Starting Dose: Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) from Phase I.

Other Names:
  • Interleukin-2
  • Aldesleukin
  • Proleukin

Drug: Interferon Alpha-2b
5 million U/m2 subcutaneously on Days 1 - 5 of a 21 day cycle.
Other Name: Intron A

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of Vemurafenib in Combination With Interferon Alpha 2b and IL-2 [ Time Frame: 21 days ]
    Maximum tolerated dose (MTD) defined as highest dose studied in which incidence of dose limiting toxicity (DLT) was less than 33%. DLT defined as any grade 3 or 4 non-hematological toxicity excluding manageable N/V, diarrhea and fatigue and manageable/replaceable grade 3 or 4 electrolyte abnormalities, and appearance of new squamous cell skin cancers. Toxicity that may result in delaying next course for more than 3 weeks. Any grade 4 neutropenia more than 7 days duration or Grade 4 thrombocytopenia lasting more than 7 days.

  2. Progression-Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    Progression-free survival estimated using the method of Kaplan-Meier. It will be determined from the start of the study until disease progression or death, whichever is first.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with histologically documented diagnosis of advanced stage IV or unresectable stage III skin or mucosal melanoma are eligible if they have BRAF mutation affecting the V600 site, as determined by a chemiluminescence immunoassay analyzer (CLIA)-certified assay. Mutation testing of archival tumor tissue is acceptable, or it may be performed on new biopsy. If a new biopsy is performed for testing, biopsy of a metastasis is preferred to biopsy of a primary tumor.
  2. Patients must have at least one bidimensionally measurable lesion. If this is a cutaneous lesion it must be at least 10 mm by caliper measure. If it is a visceral or nodal or soft tissue lesion, it must be clearly measurable > 20 mm with conventional techniques or > 10 mm with spiral CT scan. Bone lesions are not considered measurable.
  3. Phase I: Patients with prior therapy who do not have alternative treatment of higher priority will be eligible. Phase II: the patient may have been treated with cytotoxic drugs or targeted therapies for metastatic disease but not with IL-2, interferon and BRAF inhibitor drugs. Adjuvant interferon will be permitted. Prior radiation therapy for metastatic melanoma is permitted provided the patient has unirradiated metastatic sites for response evaluation and has fully recovered from its toxicity. Prior chemotherapy is permitted provided the patient has a 21 day wash out period and the patient has fully recovered from its toxicity.
  4. Patients between 18 years of age and 65 years of age with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology (ECOG) performance status of 0, 1 or 2 will be eligible.
  5. They should have normal blood counts with a white blood cell count (WBC) count of more than or equal to 3000/mm^3 an absolute neutrophil count of more than or equal to 1500/mm^3 and a platelet count of more than 100,000/mm^3 and have no impairment of renal function (serum creatinine less than 1.1 mg/dl for females and less than 1.4 mg/dl for males), hepatic function (serum bilirubin level of less than 1.2 mg/dl) and no evidence of significant cardiac or pulmonary dysfunction.
  6. They should have no significant intercurrent illness such as an active infection associated with fever lasting more than 24 hours requiring antibiotics, uncontrolled psychiatric illness, hypercalcemia (calcium greater than 11 mg), active GI bleeding, myocardial disease with corrected QT interval (QTC) interval > 480 on baseline ECG or history of rheumatoid arthritis.
  7. Females of child-bearing potential (non-childbearing is defined as greater than one year post-menopausal or surgically sterilized) must use acceptable contraceptive methods( abstinence, intrauterine device, oral contraceptive or double barrier devices) and must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to beginning treatment on this trial. Sexually active men must also use acceptable contraceptive methods for the duration of time on study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with uveal melanoma.
  2. Patients with bone metastases only.
  3. Patients with brain metastases unless all of their metastatic brain lesions have been resected or treated with stereotactic radiotherapy with gamma rays and they are off corticosteroids. Patient should not have significant brain edema. Patients with spinal cord compression and leptomeningeal disease. No major surgery or radiation therapy within 21 days before starting treatment.
  4. Patients with significant cardiac illness such as symptomatic coronary artery disease or previous history of myocardial infarction, impaired left ventricle function (Ejection Fraction less than 50%) on account of any organic disease such as hypertension or valvular heart disease or serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring therapy. Patients will be evaluated by the investigator or his designee.
  5. Patients with significant impairment of pulmonary function on account of chronic bronchitis or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) which has resulted in impairment of vital capacity of forced expiratory volume at one second (FEV1) to less than 65 % of predicted normal values.
  6. Patients with symptomatic effusions on account of pleural, pericardial or peritoneal metastases of melanoma.
  7. Patients who are unable to return for follow-up visits as required by this study.
  8. Patients with a history of second malignant tumor, other than the common skin cancers - basal and squamous carcinomas, within the past 3 years and uncertainty about the histological nature of the metastatic lesions. Cases with other types of malignancies should be reviewed and decided by the PI of the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01603212

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United States, Texas
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
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Principal Investigator: Rodabe N. Amaria, MD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Identifier: NCT01603212    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2011-0847
NCI-2012-02759 ( Registry Identifier: NCI CTRP )
First Posted: May 22, 2012    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 21, 2019
Last Verified: May 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Metastatic melanoma
Advanced melanoma
Interferon Alfa-2b
Intron A
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neuroendocrine Tumors
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Interferon alpha-2
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action