Microvessels and Heart Problems in Sickle Cell Disease
- Small blood vessels (microvessels) in many different organs are affected by diseases such as diabetes and atherosclerosis. These microvessels may also be abnormal in people who have sickle cell disease. Stiffness of the red blood cells leads to problems in the microvessels of the heart and kidneys. However, these problems may not be detected until these organs are severely affected. Researchers want to study problems with microvessels in people with and without sickle cell disease.
- To study how microvessels in the heart and other organs are affected by sickle cell disease.
- Individuals at least 18 years of age who have sickle cell disease.
- Healthy volunteers at least 18 years of age.
- Participants will be screened with a physical exam and medical history. Blood and urine samples will be collected.
- All participants will have about 3 to 4 hours of testing for the study. Participants with sickle cell disease who are having a pain crisis at the time they enter the study may be asked to have the testing again when the crisis is over. The repeat testing will occur at least 4 weeks after the pain crisis ends.
- All participants will have the following tests:
- Blood draws to check kidney and liver function, and other blood tests
- Measure of blood flow in the brachial (upper arm) artery
- Heart ultrasound
- Ultrasound scans of arm muscles to study blood flow
- Ultrasound scans after taking vasodilators to increase blood flow
- Healthy volunteers will also have a magnetic resonance imaging scan. It will show blood flow in the heart. This scan will involve another dose of a vasodilator.
Sickle Cell Disease
|Study Design:||Time Perspective: Prospective|
|Official Title:||Microvascular and Cardiac Dysfunction in Sickle Cell Disease|
- To use contrast-enhanced ultrasound to evaluate microvascular blood flow (MBF) and capillary RBC velocity (CBV) in skeletal muscle and the heart (at rest and during vasodilator stress) in patients with SCD in comparison to normal control patient...
- To determine whether MBF and CBV worsen during pain crisis in patients with SCD
- To determine the relation between MBF and CBV and brachial artery flow or LV dysfunction.
|Study Start Date:||April 2012|
Sickle cell disease is the most common genetic disease affecting African-Americans. It is characterized by an abnormal hemoglobin S, which polymerizes when deoxygenated leading to red cell rigidity and microvascular flow obstruction. Recurrent episodes of ischemia and a chronic inflammatory state lead to ischemia-reperfusion injury in multiple vital organ systems. Endothelial dysfunction has been demonstrated in patients with sickle cell disease and new therapies are targeted specifically towards the endothelium. Contrast ultrasound is a non-invasive technique that has been used to assess microvascular flow in coronary artery disease, diabetes, and other disease states. We propose to use this technique in sickle cell patients to compare their myocardial and skeletal muscle flow with that of normal controls, to detect changes during pain crisis, and to compare flow abnormalities with cardiac functional abnormalities.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01602809
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Principal Investigator:||Vandana Sachdev, M.D.||National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)|