Neuroimaging and Biomarkers in Chronic Visceral Pain
|Irritable Bowel Syndrome||Behavioral: Mindfulness based Stress Reduction Training (MBSR)|
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Neuroimaging Biomarkers of Mind-Body Treatment Response in Chronic Visceral Pain|
- Validate Optimal Biomarker candidates [ Time Frame: After MBSR training (8 weeks). ]To validate optimal brain biomarker candidates by assessment of treatment responsiveness in IBS patients following and 8 week course in Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR).
- Specificity, generality and moderation of biomarker response to MBSR treatment. [ Time Frame: Post MBSR training at 3 month follow up. ]
Specificity of biomarker response to MBSR measured by changes in selected biomarker candidates correlation w/improvement in mindfulness at end of treatment & 3-month f/u.
Determine generality of optimal biomarkers via examination of factors such as sex, age, co-morbid pain,mood, and/or baseline disease severity, as moderators of biomarker performance.
Moderation of biomarker performance by symptoms: Disease severity, duration, and comorbid symptoms.
|Study Start Date:||January 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||June 2017|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||June 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Behavioral: Mindfulness based Stress Reduction Training (MBSR)
- Spastic colon
- Irritable colon
- Mindfulness Meditation
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most common chronic visceral pain disorder ranking among the most common of all persistent pain disorders with prevalence rates of 8-12% of the population.3 Diagnostic criteria for IBS include persistent abdominal pain and/or discomfort associated with changes in bowel habit. In the majority of patients, symptoms of other co-morbid pain conditions, such as epigastric pain (functional dyspepsia), pelvic pain (IC/PBS) and musculoskeletal pain (FM) are reported. Estimates are that >50% of the U.S. workforce experiences some type of pain and 13% lose productive work time due to pain over a 2 week period, leading to over 60 billion dollars per year in lost productivity costs.4 There are no generally agreed upon biomarkers for IBS, and diagnoses are exclusively based on subjective symptom criteria. As with most of the persistent pain disorders, IBS patients and their providers have increasingly embraced a biopsychosocial model incorporating psychological and social factors along with physiologic factors, and this forms the basis for integrative treatment approaches. This multimodal approach often incorporates Mind-Body treatments, and there is a growing literature showing clinical efficacy in IBS for interventions incorporating such Mind-Body approaches as meditation, hypnosis, yoga and cognitive therapy.5 However, there is little understanding of the physiological mechanisms underlying mind-body therapies, and for this reason optimization of the treatments for specific individuals and populations is difficult.
In this project we aim to use neuroimaging based biomarkers of IBS to examine which of these physiological measures show changes specific to a mind-body treatment with previously documented efficacy, Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction Training or MBSR. MBSR was chosen as a target treatment for several reasons: Recent clinical trial data suggests there is efficacy in improving IBS symptoms with MBSR, it has demonstrated prior success with other chronic pain conditions and there is considerable literature on meditation associated brain changes.
The primary Objective is to validate optimal biomarker candidates by assessment of treatment responsiveness in IBS patients following Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR). The secondary objectives are to determine the generality of optimal biomarkers from Aim 1 and 2 and look at factors such as sex, age, co-morbid pain or mood symptoms, and/or baseline disease severity as moderators of the performance of candidate biomarkers.
Also, exploratory analyses will be performed to assess the effect of an 8 week MBSR training on measures of disease cognition, quality of life and mood defined by pre and post test scores on the behavioral measures listed in the study methods.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01602575
|United States, California|
|Oppenheimer Center for Neurobiology of Stress|
|Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095|
|Principal Investigator:||Kirsten Tillisch, MD||University of California, Los Angeles|