Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Measuring Effects of Pazopanib Hydrochloride in Patients With Metastatic Kidney Cancer

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Chicago
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First received: May 14, 2012
Last updated: June 22, 2015
Last verified: June 2015
The purpose of this study is to find out what effects pazopanib (pazopanib hydrochloride) (also called Votrient®) may have on MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scans, blood pressure, and various proteins in the blood. Pazopanib is Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved for treating renal cell cancer. It is an agent that prevents angiogenesis, which is new blood vessel formation. The use of pazopanib described in this study is a standard of care, but the additional MRI and blood tests that will be performed are experimental

Condition Intervention
Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma
Recurrent Renal Cell Cancer
Stage IV Renal Cell Cancer
Drug: pazopanib hydrochloride
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Procedure: dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging
Other: pharmacogenomic studies

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: DCE-MRI as Pazopanib Biomarker in Metastatic Renal Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Chicago:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Disease progression based on change in K^trans rise from nadir as assessed by the method described in Donner [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cox proportional hazards model incorporating a baseline clinical prognostic index (good/intermediate/poor) and prior VEGF pathway inhibitor therapy (yes/no) as covariates will be assessed.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Changes in blood pressure and sVEGFR2 as a pazopanib hydrochloride biomarkers [ Time Frame: Baseline to 1 week post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 65
Study Start Date: June 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: June 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (pazopanib hydrochloride, DCE-MRI)
Patients receive pazopanib hydrochloride PO QD in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients undergo dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI at baseline, day 8, and prior to courses 3, 5, and 7.
Drug: pazopanib hydrochloride
Given PO
Other Names:
  • GW786034B
  • Votrient
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Procedure: dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging
Undergo dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging
Other Name: DCE-MRI
Other: pharmacogenomic studies
Correlative studies
Other Name: Pharmacogenomic Study

Detailed Description:


I. To determine whether a K^trans rise from nadir is predictive of subsequent tumor growth.


I. To determine the association between changes in mean ambulatory blood pressure measurements, K^trans, and tumor size changes with pazopanib therapy.

II. To determine the association between changes in soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (sVEGFR2) measurements, K^trans, and tumor size changes with pazopanib therapy.


I. To explore previously described single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP's) as pharmacogenomic biomarkers.

II. To model tumor growth kinetics using radiologic tumor size measurements. III. To explore other serum and plasma based putative biomarkers of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway inhibition.


Patients receive pazopanib hydrochloride orally (PO) once daily (QD) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients undergo dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI at baseline, day 8, and prior to courses 3, 5, and 7.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must provide written informed consent prior to performance of study-specific procedures or assessments, and must be willing to comply with treatment and follow-up; procedures conducted as part of the subject's routine clinical management (e.g., blood count, imaging study) and obtained prior to signing of informed consent may be utilized for screening or baseline purposes provided these procedures are conducted as specified in the protocol
  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of clear cell renal cancer
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 2 or less
  • Measurable disease at least 2 cm in the shortest dimension in the abdomen or pelvis
  • No clinical contra-indication to contrast enhanced MRI
  • No prior pazopanib therapy
  • Archived tumor tissue must be provided for all subjects
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 X 10^9/L
  • Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL (5.6 mmol/L); subjects may not have had a transfusion within 7 days of screening assessment
  • Platelets >= 100 X 10^9/L
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 X upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 X ULN; concomitant elevations in bilirubin and AST/ALT above 1.0 x ULN are not permitted
  • Estimated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) (modification of renal disease [MDRD] equation) > 30 ml/min
  • Urine protein to creatinine ratio (UPC) < 1; if UPC >= 1, then a 24-hour urine protein must be assessed; subjects must have a 24-hour urine protein value < 1 g to be eligible
  • A female is eligible to enter and participate in this study if she is of:
  • Non-childbearing potential (i.e., physiologically incapable of becoming pregnant), including any female who has had:

    • A hysterectomy
    • A bilateral oophorectomy (ovariectomy)
    • A bilateral tubal ligation
    • Is post-menopausal

      • Subjects not using hormone replacement therapy (HRT) must have experienced total cessation of menses for >= 1 year and be greater than 45 years in age, OR, in questionable cases, have a follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) value > 40 mIU/mL and an estradiol value < 40 pg/mL (< 140 pmol/L)
      • Subjects using HRT must have experienced total cessation of menses for >= 1 year and be greater than 45 years of age OR have had documented evidence of menopause based on FSH and estradiol concentrations prior to initiation of HRT
  • Childbearing potential, including any female who has had a negative serum pregnancy test within 2 weeks prior to the first dose of study treatment, preferably as close to the first dose as possible, and agrees to use adequate contraception; acceptable contraceptive methods include:

    • Complete abstinence from sexual intercourse for 14 days before exposure to investigational product, through the dosing period, and for at least 21 days after the last dose of investigational product
    • Oral contraceptive, either combined or progestogen alone
    • Injectable progestogen
    • Implants of levonorgestrel
    • Estrogenic vaginal ring
    • Percutaneous contraceptive patches
    • Intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system (IUS) with a documented failure rate of less than 1% per year
    • Male partner sterilization (vasectomy with documentation of azoospermia) prior to the female subject's entry into the study, and this male is the sole partner for that subject
    • Double barrier method: condom and an occlusive cap (diaphragm or cervical/vault caps) with a vaginal spermicidal agent (foam/gel/film/cream/suppository)
  • Not lactating; female subjects who are lactating should discontinue nursing prior to the first dose of study drug and should refrain from nursing throughout the treatment period and for 14 days following the last dose of study drug

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior malignancy; Note: Subjects who have had another malignancy and have been disease-free for 3 years, or subjects with a history of completely resected non-melanomatous skin carcinoma or successfully treated in situ carcinoma are eligible
  • History or clinical evidence of central nervous system (CNS) metastases or leptomeningeal carcinomatosis, except for individuals who have previously-treated CNS metastases, are asymptomatic, and have had no requirement for steroids or anti-seizure medication for 6 months prior to first dose of study drug; screening with CNS imaging studies (computed tomography [CT] or MRI) is required only if clinically indicated or if the subject has a history of CNS metastases
  • Clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may increase the risk for gastrointestinal bleeding including, but not limited to:

    • Active peptic ulcer disease
    • Known intraluminal metastatic lesion/s with risk of bleeding
    • Inflammatory bowel disease (e.g. ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease), or other gastrointestinal conditions with increased risk of perforation
    • History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within 28 days prior to beginning study treatment

Clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may affect absorption of investigational product including, but not limited to:

  • Malabsorption syndrome
  • Major resection of the stomach or small bowel

    • Presence of uncontrolled infection
    • Corrected QT interval (QTc) > 480 msecs using Bazett's formula
    • History of any one or more of the following cardiovascular conditions within the past 6 months:
  • Cardiac angioplasty or stenting
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Unstable angina
  • Coronary artery bypass graft surgery
  • Symptomatic peripheral vascular disease

    • Class III or IV congestive heart failure, as defined by the New York Heart Association (NYHA)
    • Poorly controlled hypertension (defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) of >= 140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure [DBP] of >= 90 mmHg); Note: Initiation or adjustment of antihypertensive medication(s) is permitted prior to study entry; blood pressure (BP) must be re-assessed on two occasions that are separated by a minimum of 1 hour; on each of these occasions, the mean (of 3 readings) SBP/DBP values from each BP assessment must be < 140/90 mmHg in order for a subject to be eligible for the study
    • History of cerebrovascular accident including transient ischemic attack (TIA), pulmonary embolism or untreated deep venous thrombosis (DVT) within the past 6 months; Note: Subjects with recent DVT who have been treated with therapeutic anti-coagulating agents for at least 6 weeks are eligible
    • Prior major surgery or trauma within 28 days prior to first dose of study drug and/or presence of any non-healing wound, fracture, or ulcer (procedures such as catheter placement not considered to be major)
    • Evidence of active bleeding or bleeding diathesis
    • Known endobronchial lesions and/or lesions infiltrating major pulmonary vessels
    • Hemoptysis in excess of 2.5 mL (or one half teaspoon) within 8 weeks of first dose of study drug
    • Any serious and/or unstable pre-existing medical, psychiatric, or other condition that could interfere with subject's safety, provision of informed consent, or compliance to study procedures
    • Unable or unwilling to discontinue use of prohibited medications for at least 14 days or five half-lives of a drug (whichever is longer) prior to the first dose of study drug and for the duration of the study
    • Treatment with any of the following therapies:
  • Radiation therapy, surgery or tumor embolization within 14 days prior to the first dose of pazopanib OR
  • Anti-cancer chemotherapy, immunotherapy, biologic therapy, investigational therapy or hormonal therapy within 14 days or five half-lives of a drug (whichever is longer) prior to the first dose of pazopanib
  • Any non-oncologic investigational drug within 30 days or 5 half lives whichever is longer prior to receiving the first dose of study treatment

    • Any ongoing toxicity from prior anti-cancer therapy that is > grade 1 and/or that is progressing in severity, except alopecia
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01599832

United States, Illinois
University of Chicago Comprehensive Cancer Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637-1470
Decatur Memorial Hospital
Decatur, Illinois, United States, 62526
Ingalls Memorial Hospital
Harvey, Illinois, United States, 60426
Illinois Cancer Care (Peoria)
Peoria, Illinois, United States, 61615
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Chicago
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Walter Stadler University of Chicago Comprehensive Cancer Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: University of Chicago
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01599832     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 12-0121  NCI-2012-00676 
Study First Received: May 14, 2012
Last Updated: June 22, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Kidney Diseases
Kidney Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Urogenital Neoplasms
Urologic Diseases
Urologic Neoplasms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on May 30, 2016