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Food Security and Nutrition in Rural Cambodia

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of British Columbia Identifier:
First received: April 20, 2012
Last updated: November 15, 2016
Last verified: November 2016
The project is a three arm randomized control trial in rural Cambodia designed to evaluate the impact of homestead food production (home gardens) with and without fish ponds versus control on household food security, dietary intake of women and youngest child, biochemical nutritional status of women, and household livelihoods over a 22 month period. Baseline and end line surveys will be conducted that involve questionnaires and a blood sample.

Condition Intervention
Household Food Security Behavioral: plant-based Homestead Food Production Behavioral: Homestead Food Production plus small pond aquaculture Behavioral: a comparison group

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Integration of Small-scale Aquaculture With Homestead Food Production for Improved Household Food Security and Nutrition in Rural Cambodia

Further study details as provided by University of British Columbia:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change from Baseline in nutritionally related biochemical measures at 22 months [ Time Frame: At baseline and 22 months ]
    Haemoglobin (g/l) Haematocrit (%) Serum Ferritin (ng/ml) White Cell Count (x109/l) Red Cell Count (x1012/l) Mean Corpuscular Volume (fl) Mean Cell Haemoglobin (pg) Red Cell Width % Platelet Count (x109/l) Neutrophils % Eosinophils % Lymphocytes % Monocytes % Neutrophils # (x109/l) Eosinophils # (x109/l) Lymphocytes # (x109/l) Monocytes # (x109/l) C-Reactive Protein (mg/l)

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • 24-hour dietary recall [ Time Frame: At baseline and 22 months ]
  • Mid-upper arm circumference [ Time Frame: At baseline and 22 months ]
  • Household Food Security Scale [ Time Frame: At baseline and 22 months ]

Enrollment: 900
Study Start Date: June 2012
Study Completion Date: August 2014
Primary Completion Date: August 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Homestead Food Production plus small pond aquaculture Behavioral: Homestead Food Production plus small pond aquaculture
In the case of the aquaculture arm a pond will be dug if there is not an existing pond and fingerlings and brood stocks will be provided. Hatcheries will be established if there is not one within a reasonable distance of the farms.
Active Comparator: plant-based Homestead Food Production Behavioral: plant-based Homestead Food Production
The village model farm will be provided with the necessary inputs to establish their farm including saplings seeds etc.
Sham Comparator: Control Behavioral: a comparison group
No intervention.


Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must be represented by a woman.
  • Must fall within the "poor" category in terms of community wealth rankings.
  • Must have access to land (including homestead) for agriculture cultivation.
  • Must have sufficient access to labor to undertake the homestead production activities.
  • Must have a keen interest in participating in this action.
  • Must have a least one child less than five years of age (in 80% of the target households).
  • Have suitable land for pond and preferably own a small pond

In addition village model farm owners will:

  • Have at least 1,200 square meters of land that can be used to establish the model farm;
  • Have some disposable income to invest in the model farm for fencing and land preparation;
  • Be productive, open to new ideas and willing to provide assistance to other households in the village;
  • Be able and willing to maintain the VMF throughout the year;
  • Commit to providing inputs and marketing support to group members at least during the project.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • None, only that they don't meet the inclusion criteria
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01593423

Rural Cambodia
Phnom Penh, Prey Veng, Cambodia
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of British Columbia
Principal Investigator: Tim Green, PhD University of British Columbia
  More Information

Responsible Party: University of British Columbia Identifier: NCT01593423     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: H12-00451
Study First Received: April 20, 2012
Last Updated: November 15, 2016 processed this record on August 22, 2017