Adiponectin Polymorphisms, Insulin Resistance, and Pharmacokinetics in Obesity
The primary objective of this study is to determine the influence of insulin resistance on drug metabolism and response in obese subjects. The investigators hypothesize that expression of adiponectin (a hormone secreted by fat tissue), and specific variants in the adiponectin gene can predict the insulin resistance and drug response among obese subjects.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
|Official Title:||Adiponectin Polymorphisms, Insulin Resistance, and Pharmacokinetics in Obesity|
- plasma concentration of drugs fentanyl and propofol [ Time Frame: measured for 12 hours (beginning of anesthesia to 12 hours after) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Plasma concentration over time will be measured and modeled in order to calculate drug clearance, volume of distribution, area under the curve, and micro rate constants.
Knowledge of these variables will allow safer administration of anesthetic drug administration in the obese population.
- Adiponectin plasma protein levels [ Time Frame: measured once (immediately before the operation) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The investigators will measure specific levels of the protein adiponectin in the blood, to determine if quantitative expression of adiponectin can predict insulin resistance in obesity and drug metabolism and response.
- Adiponectin gene polymorphisms [ Time Frame: measured once per study (immediately before the operation) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The investigators will look at specific genetic variants of the adiponectin gene to determine if expression of specific variants can predict insulin resistance and changed in drug response and metabolism.
|Study Start Date:||November 2011|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||September 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||September 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
No Intervention: Propofol and Fentanyl administration
Propofol and Fentanyl will be administered to all subjects. All subjects will have blood drawn to determine pharmacokinetic variables. Processed EEG will be used to determine pharmacodynamics. Plasma samples will be used to ascertain adiponectin levels and for DNA sampling for analysis of adiponectin single nucleotide polymorphisms.
Drug: Propofol and Fentanyl administration
Propofol will be administered to all patients via infusion at a dose of 2 mg/kg lean body weight/minute. The infusion will stop once loss of consciousness is reached. Fentanyl will be administered via target controlled infusion to achieve a plasma concentration of 2 ng/ml.
Other Name: anesthetic administration
The following study will hypothesizes that insulin resistance causes changes in drug metabolism, elimination, and effect. We will differentiate the insulin resistant phenotype amongst obese individuals on the basis of both laboratory (fasting insulin, triglycerides, fasting glucose) analysis, and quantitative and qualitative adiponectin expression. We will determine the effect of insulin resistance on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of anesthetic induction agents and opioids, using propofol and fentanyl as examples.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01593397
|Contact: Jerry Ingrande, M.D., M.S.||firstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, California|
|Stanford University School of Medicine, Department of Anesthesia||Recruiting|
|Stanford, California, United States, 94305|
|Contact: Jerry Ingrande, M.D., M.S. 650-723-7377 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator:||Jerry Ingrande, M.D., M.S.||Stanford University|