Primary Outcome Measures:
- Need for hospital-based intervention [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
Need of hospital-based intervention was defined as treatment with blood transfusion, endoscopic therapy, transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE), surgery, or identification of cancer at upper endoscopy.
Secondary Outcome Measures:
- Identification of low-risk patients [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
Low-risk patients were defined as patients who did not need hospital-based intervention, and survived more than 30 days from day of admission. Low-risk patients were considered as suitable for early discharge and potential outpatient management.
- Rebleeding [ Time Frame: 1 month ]
Rebleeding was defined as presence of hematemesis, blood per nasogastric tube, or melaena associated with a decline in B-hemoglobin of at least 1mmol/l (not explained by hemodilution) or decline in systolic arterial pressure of at least 20mmHg after the initial bleeding had stopped.
- 30 day mortality [ Time Frame: 30 days ]